Federalist No. 59 is an essay by Alexander Hamilton, the fifty-ninth of the Federalist Papers. It was published on February 22, 1788 under the pseudonymPublius, the name under which all the Federalist Papers were published. This is the first of three papers discussing the power of Congress over the election of its own members. It is titled, "Concerning the Power of Congress to Regulate the Election of Members."
The paper argues that leaving the exclusive power of regulating elections in the hands of state legislatures would leave the existence of the Federalist union entirely at their mercy.