Federalist No. 62 is an essay by James Madison, the sixty-second of the Federalist Papers. It was published on February 27, 1788 under the pseudonymPublius, the name under which all the Federalist Papers were published. This is the first of two essays by Madison detailing, and seeking to justify, the organization of the United States Senate. It is titled, "The Senate." 5 key considerations are brought up in the introductory paragraph, of which only 3 & a part of the 4th are discussed in #62 (thoughts on this subject completed on #63): 1. The qualifications of senators (thirty years of age or older/citizen for 9 years). 2. The appointment of Senators by the State legislatures (later changed to direct popular vote by the 17th amendment in 1913). 3) The equality of representation in the Senate. 4. The number of senators (this essay contains only partial portion of Madison's points on this issue, the rest of his thoughts are completed in #63).