Federalist No. 67 (Federalist Number 67) is an essay by Alexander Hamilton and the sixty-seventh of the Federalist Papers. It was published on March 11, 1788 under the pseudonymPublius, the name under which all the Federalist Papers were published. This essay's title is "The Executive Department", and it begins a series of eleven discussing the powers and limitations of that branch.
In this paper, Hamilton draws a distinction between the constitutionally limited executive powers of the president and the far more extensive powers of a monarch as a ruler. He also chastises opponents of the Constitution who believe the President is granted excessive power by being allowed to fill vacancies in the Senate. Hamilton points out this power is limited in scope as the President's appointments expire at the end of the Senate's next session, and permanent appointments are left to the state legislatures.