Federalist No. 73 (Federalist Number 73) is an essay by Alexander Hamilton and the seventy-third of the Federalist Papers. It was published on March 21, 1788 under the pseudonymPublius, the name under which all the Federalist Papers were published. Its title is, "The Provision For The Support of the Executive, and the Veto Power", and it is the seventh in a series of 11 essays discussing the powers and limitations of the Executive branch.
This paper discusses and justifies the Executive branch's powers over the Legislature, namely, the Legislature's lack of power to increase or decrease the salary of the President during his/her term, and the Executive Veto.
Hamilton discusses the benefits of the executive veto. He argues that it "shields" the executive from legislative control and it acts as a "check upon the legislative body" which prevents Congress from enacting laws subject to special interests and factional impulses.