Federation of Malaya Independence Act 1957
The Federation of Malaya Independence Act 1957 (1957 c. 60 5 and 6 Eliz 2) was an Act of Parliament in the United Kingdom. It came into operation on 31 July 1957. The Act made provisions for the nation of Malaya (formerly the Protected States of Johor, Kedah, Kelantan, Negeri Sembilan, Pahang, Perak, Perlis, Selangor, and Terengganu) and the Settlements of Penang and Malacca to gain an independent sovereign country within and become a member of the Commonwealth of Nations on 31 August 1957; prior to this, Federation of Malaya (formerly Malay States) had been a fully self-governing British colony.
The Malayan Union established by the British Malaya which comprised the Federated Malay States, Perak, Selangor, Negeri Sembilan, Pahang, and the Unfederated Malay States consisted of Kedah, Perlis, Kelantan, Terengganu, Johor and of the Straits Settlements of Penang and Malacca came into being in 1946, in a series of agreement between British and Malayan Union, the Malayan Union was superseded by the Federation of Malaya on 1 February 1948 hereafter.