Federation of Nigeria
- For the autonomous British territory named Federation of Nigeria from 1954 to 1960, see Colony and Protectorate of Nigeria
|Federation of Nigeria|
"Unity and Faith, Peace and Progress"
Nigeria, We Hail Thee
God Save the Queen
Hausa · Igbo · Yoruba
|-||1960||Sir James Wilson Robertson|
|-||1960–1963||Abubakar Tafawa Balewa|
|-||Lower house||House of Representatives|
|Historical era||Cold War|
|-||Independence||1 October 1960|
|-||Republic||1 October 1963|
The Federation of Nigeria was a predecessor to modern-day Nigeria. It existed between 1 October 1960 and 1 October 1963.
When British rule ended in 1960, the Nigerian Federation was given independence under the Nigeria Independence Act. The Federal Republic of Nigeria came into existence on 1 October 1963. During the intervening period, the British monarch remained head of state of Nigeria, while the day-to-day functions of the head of state were performed by a governor-general. Elizabeth II was the monarch, and two people held the office of governor-general:
- Sir James Wilson Robertson October 1960 - 16 November 1960
- Nnamdi Azikiwe November 16, 1960 – October 1, 1963
Following the abolition of the monarchy, former Governor-General Nnamdi Azikiwe became President of the new Federal Republic of Nigeria.
- The Constitution of the Federation of Nigeria (1960), http://www.worldstatesmen.org/nigeria_const1960.pdf
- Nigeria Independence Act 1960, 8 & 9 Eliz. 2 c.55
- Nigeria Republic Act 1963, c. 57