Federation of Nigeria

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For the autonomous British territory named Federation of Nigeria from 1954 to 1960, see Colony and Protectorate of Nigeria
Federation of Nigeria
Commonwealth realm



"Unity and Faith, Peace and Progress"
Nigeria, We Hail Thee
Royal anthem
God Save the Queen
Capital Lagos
Languages English
Hausa · Igbo · Yoruba
Government Constitutional monarchy
 -  1960–1963 Elizabeth II
 -  1960 Sir James Wilson Robertson
 -  1960–1963 Nnamdi Azikiwe
Prime Minister
 -  1960–1963 Abubakar Tafawa Balewa
Legislature Parliament[1]
 -  Upper house Senate
 -  Lower house House of Representatives
Historical era Cold War
 -  Independence 1 October 1960
 -  Republic 1 October 1963
Currency Nigerian pound

The Federation of Nigeria was a predecessor to modern-day Nigeria. It existed between 1 October 1960 and 1 October 1963.

When British rule ended in 1960, the Nigerian Federation was given independence under the Nigeria Independence Act.[2] The Federal Republic of Nigeria came into existence on 1 October 1963.[3] During the intervening period, the British monarch remained head of state of Nigeria, while the day-to-day functions of the head of state were performed by a governor-general. Elizabeth II was the monarch, and two people held the office of governor-general:

  1. Sir James Wilson Robertson October 1960 - 16 November 1960
  2. Nnamdi Azikiwe November 16, 1960 – October 1, 1963

Abubakar Tafawa Balewa held office as prime minister (and head of government) of the Federation of Nigeria during this period.

Following the abolition of the monarchy, former Governor-General Nnamdi Azikiwe became President of the new Federal Republic of Nigeria.


  1. ^ The Constitution of the Federation of Nigeria (1960), http://www.worldstatesmen.org/nigeria_const1960.pdf
  2. ^ Nigeria Independence Act 1960, 8 & 9 Eliz. 2 c.55
  3. ^ Nigeria Republic Act 1963, c. 57

External links[edit]