Federation of Workers Councils and Unions in Iraq
|Full name||Federation of Workers Councils and Unions in Iraq|
|Office location||Baghdad, Iraq|
The federation was formed by members of the Union of the Unemployed of Iraq, which is connected to the Worker Communist Party of Iraq as a left-wing alternative to the Iraqi Federation of Trade Unions. The latter is currently the only legally recognized union federation in Iraq; it is closely connected to the Iraqi Communist Party, an organization which opposed the US invasion of Iraq in 2003 but decided to work with the new political institutions established after the occupation.
- This "legal recognition" of one union federation over another is a violation of the International Labour Organisation's Convention 87 on Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise, to which Iraq and all the occupying powers are signatory.(, look for Convention 87; Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise Convention, 1948.)
The FWCUI opposes both the U.S.-led occupation of Iraq and the Islamist elements of the Iraqi insurgency, and it is often repressed by both the foreign and Islamist forces. Many anti-war movements around the world have provided venues for FWCUI speaker tours. A third labor formation known as the Federation of Oil Unions in Iraq also exists.