Federica Mogherini

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Federica Mogherini
Federica Mogherini daticamera.jpg
High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy
Designate
Taking office
1 November 2014
President Jean-Claude Juncker
Succeeding Catherine Ashton
Minister of Foreign Affairs
Incumbent
Assumed office
21 February 2014
Prime Minister Matteo Renzi
Preceded by Emma Bonino
Succeeded by TBD
Personal details
Born (1973-06-16) 16 June 1973 (age 41)
Rome, Italy
Political party Democratic Party
Spouse(s) Matteo Rebesani
Children 2
Alma mater Sapienza University of Rome

Federica Mogherini (16 June 1973) is an Italian politician and political scientist. She has been Minister of Foreign Affairs of Italy since February 2014. She was appointed as EU's foreign policy chief on 30 August 2014.[1]

Biography[edit]

Education[edit]

Federica Mogherini was born on 16 June 1973 in Rome, Italy. She is the daughter of film director and set designer Flavio Mogherini (1922–1994).

She attended the Sapienza University of Rome, where she studied political science and graduated defending a dissertation in political philosophy about the relationship between religion and politics in Islam,[2][3] which she wrote during her Erasmus programme in Aix-en-Provence, France.

She is married to Matteo Rebesani with whom she has had two daughters: Caterina (2005) and Marta (2010).

Political activity[edit]

A member of the Italian Communist Youth Federation from 1988, in 1996 she joined the Youth Left after the dissolution of the Italian Communist Party and its transformation into a social-democratic party. In 2001 she joined the National Council of the Democrats of the Left (DS), and then in the National Executive Board and the Political Committee. In 2003 she started working at the DS's Foreign Affairs Department, where she was given responsibility for relations with international movements and parties, and later became the coordinator of the Department; after that she was given responsibility for Foreign Affairs and International Relations in the staff of Piero Fassino, the party chairman. During this time, she took care of matters relating to Iraq, Afghanistan, and the peace process in Middle East. She maintained relations with the Party of European Socialists, the Socialist International, and their member parties. Moreover, she was in charge of relations with the US Democratic Party.

After the foundation of the Italian Democratic Party (PD), on the 4th November 2007 she entered the staff of the new chairman Walter Veltroni (with whom she had already worked as assistant during his tenure as the mayor of Rome).

In 2008 she was elected as a member the Chamber of Deputies, in the Veneto constituency. In the 16th legislature she was the secretary of the Defense Committee, a member of the Italian delegation of the parliamentary assembly of the European Council, and a member of the delegation at the parliamentary assembly at the Western European Union.

On 24 February 2009 the new chairman of the PD Dario Franceschini appointed her to his staff, with responsibility for Equal Opportunities. Since then she has been a member of Franceschini's faction (Area Democratica).[4]

She has been Vicepresident of the Italy-USA Foundation.[5]

In February 2013 she was elected for a second term in the Emilia-Romagna constituency. During the 17th legislature she was a member of the Defense Committee (replacing Lapo Pistelli after he became Foreign Affairs Vice Minister), of the Committee on Foreign Affairs, and of the Italian delegation at the Parliamentary Assembly of NATO, of which she became president in April.

On 1 August 2013 she was elected as head of the Italian delegation to the parliamentary assembly of NATO [6]

On 9 December 2013, the new chairman of the PD Matteo Renzi appointed her as a member of his staff, with the responsibility of European Relations.

She is a fellow of the German Marshall Fund of the United States. [7]

Foreign Affairs Minister[edit]

She entered the Renzi Cabinet as the Minister of Foreign Affairs, the third woman to hold the post after Susanna Agnelli and Emma Bonino, and the youngest to date. Her first action after being appointed was meeting, together with the Defense Minister, the wives of Massimiliano Latorre and Salvatore Girone, the two Italian marines detained in India after the Enrica Lexie incident.

Under her direction, the Foreign Ministry has worked for the release of Mariam Ibrahim. Thanks to the good relations between Sudan and Italy, the Sudanese woman was finally allowed to fly to Italy on a government plane.[8][9]

High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy[edit]

In July 2014, in consideration of the large number of Italian MEPs in the S&D group after the European election, 2014, the European Council started considering her name as a candidate for the position of High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, in Jean-Claude Juncker's new Commission. On the 13th July 2014, the Financial Times reported rumours according to which the proposal was opposed by some eastern European countries, including Latvia, Estonia, Lithuania, and Poland, which believed her position towards Russia concerning the Ukrainian crisis was too soft.

Nonetheless, on the 2nd August 2014, the Italian Prime Minister Matteo Renzi, in a letter to the president elect of the commission Juncker, made her the Italian official candidate for the position.

On the 30th August, during a meeting of the socialist prime ministers before the European Council took place, she was endorsed by all the Party of European Socialists. On the same day the president Herman Van Rompuy announced that the European Council has decided to appoint the Italian minister as the new High Representative, starting on 1 November 2014.

In the first press conference she has declared her efforts will be devoted to establishing discussions between Russia and Ukraine to put the crisis between the two countries to an end.

Criticism[edit]

Criticism of Mogherini ranges from claims that she is pro-Russian and is close to the Kremlin to not taking the threat of Russia seriously during the 2014 Russian military intervention in Ukraine. The president of Lithuania has publicly called her 'pro-Kremlin'.[10][11][12][13] Her first nomination as EU foreign policy chief was blocked by Eastern European EU member states.[14] On the other hand, some deemed Mogherini's approach to Russia as no different than the one taken by Germany or France.[15]

In addition, though she has since removed pictures of her 2002 visit with Yasser Arafat from her blog, there has been speculation that Mogherini's sympathies may not be entirely neutral concerning the state of Israel.[16] The pictures of the pair together remain widely available.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Italy's Mogherini and Poland's Tusk get top EU jobs". BBC News. 30 August 2014. Retrieved 30 August 2014. 
  2. ^ "Mogherini: Italy's young rising star". AFP. 2014-08-30. Retrieved 2014-08-31. 
  3. ^ Vincenti, Daniela (2014-08-30). "Profile: Federica Mogherini, the next EU foreign affairs chief". EurActiv. Retrieved 2014-08-31. 
  4. ^ "A Matteo manca solo la fiducia". L'Unità (in Italian). Retrieved 1 September 2014. 
  5. ^ "Uragano Sandy, Mogherini: "Solidarietà e amicizia al popolo americano, gli USA sapranno reagire"=". 30 October 2012. Retrieved 31 August 2014. 
  6. ^ url = http://www.blogmog.it/index.cfm?target=chisono
  7. ^ url = http://www.blogmog.it/index.cfm?target=chisono
  8. ^ "Sudan: amb. in Italia, Meriam a Roma grazie a amicizia tra nostri paesi". Adnkronos (in Italian). Retrieved 1 September 2014. 
  9. ^ "Woman who faced death for faith is free". CNN website. 
  10. ^ Wright, Thomas (28 August 2014). "Mogherini is the Wrong Choice for Europe". Brookings Institution. Retrieved 30 August 2014. 
  11. ^ Higgins, Andrew; Neil Macfarquhar (30 August 2014). "Russia Pushing Ukraine Conflict to ‘Point of No Return,’ E.U. Leader Says". The New York Times. Retrieved 30 August 2014. 
  12. ^ "Tusk and Mogherini – A Good Lesson". Retrieved 31 August 2014. 
  13. ^ "Tusk, Mogherini Named to Top EU Posts Amid Russia Discord". Retrieved 31 August 2014. 
  14. ^ "Who is Federica Mogherini - the new woman in charge of EU foreign policy?". Retrieved 31 August 2014. 
  15. ^ "Diligent Italian leftist accused of pro-Russian bias By Alvise Armellini, dpa". Retrieved 1 September 2014. 
  16. ^ "Mogherini, la fan di Arafat che dorme con «Bella ciao»". Retrieved 12 September 2014. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Emma Bonino
Minister of Foreign Affairs
2014
Succeeded by
TBD
Preceded by
Fernando Nelli Feroci
Italian European Commissioner
Designate

2014–present
Incumbent
Preceded by
Catherine Ashton
High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy
Designate

2014–present