The Federmesser culture or Federmesser group is a toolmaking tradition of the late Upper Palaeolithic era, of the Northern European Plain from Poland (where the culture is called Tarnowian and Witowian) to northern France, dating to between c. 12000 and 10800 BC (uncalibrated). It is closely related to the Tjongerian culture, as both have been suggested as being part of the more generalized Azilian culture.
It used small backed flint blades, from which its name derives (Federmesser is German for "feather knife"), and shares characteristics with the Creswellian culture in Britain.
- Late Glacial Maximum
- Ahrensburg culture
- Paleolithic Continuity Theory
- Hamburg culture
- Laacher See
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