The hat is typically creased lengthwise down the crown and "pinched" in the front on both sides. Fedoras can also be creased with teardrop crowns, diamond crowns, center dents, and others, and the positioning of pinches can vary. The typical crown height is 4.5 inches (11.4 centimeters).
The brim is usually approximately 2.5 inches (6.3 centimeters) wide, but may be wider, can be left "raw edged" (left as cut), finished with a sewn overwelt or underwelt, or bound with a trim-ribbon.
The term fedora was in use as early as 1891. Its popularity soared, and eventually it eclipsed the similar-looking Homburg. Fedoras can be found in nearly any color, but black, grey, tan ("fawn"), and dark brown are the most popular.
The word fedora comes from the title of an 1882 play by dramatist Victorien Sardou, Fédora, written for Sarah Bernhardt. The play was first performed in the United States in 1889. Bernhardt played Princess Fédora, the heroine of the play. During the play, Bernhardt, a notorious cross-dresser, wore a center-creased, soft brimmed hat. Womens-rights activists adopted the fashion. Men began to wear them with city clothes after 1924, led by Britain's Prince Edward, the most influential man of fashion in his day. It was popular for its stylishness and its ability to protect the wearer's head from the wind and weather. Since the early part of the 20th century, many Haredi and other Orthodox Jews have made black fedoras normative to their daily wear.
Fedoras have become widely associated with gangsters and Prohibition, which coincided with the height of the hat's popularity in the 1920s to early 1950s. In the second half of the 1950s, it fell out of favor due to a shift towards more informal clothing styles.
The fedora enjoyed a revival only a few years after its waning popularity, dating back to the mid-1970s. The fedora as a personal statement has made impacts on American and global culture: Indiana Jones popularized his fedora in the Indiana Jones franchise. Among historical figures: legendary college football coach Paul Bear Bryant could be seen, on national television, roaming the sidelines wearing his trademark plaid and hounds-tooth fedoras. He also appeared on the cover of TIME magazine wearing a fedora under the banner: SUPERCOACH. Another coach associated with the fedora is Coach Tom Landry, who wore the hat while he was the head coach of the Dallas Cowboys. It would later become his trademark image. A cenotaph dedicated to Landry with a depiction of his fedora was placed in the official Texas State Cemetery in Austin at the family's request. In addition the Cowboys wore a patch on their uniforms during the 2000 season depicting Landry's fedora. Author Terry Pratchett is known for having the fedora as a normal part of his image.
See also 
- Kilgour, Ruth Edwards (1958). A Pageant of Hats Ancient and Modern. R. M. McBride Company.
- Cotton, Elizabeth (1999). Hats. Stewart, Tabori & Chang.
- Encarta Dictionary, Microsoft Encarta Premium Suite 2004.
- Shields, Jody, and John Dugdale (1991). Hats: A Stylish History and Collector's Guide. Clarkson Potter.
- Daily Mail Reporter (12 May 2011). "It's Indiana Depp! Johnny channels intrepid adventurer Jones in brown fedora and leather jacket". Daily Mail (London).
- B.J. Phillips (29 September 1980). "Fooball's Supercoach". TIME magazine.
- "Thomas Wade Landry". Texas State Cemetery. Retrieved 2013-03-04.
- "ESPN DALLAS Hall of Fame - Tom Landry no longer top of mind". ESPN. 2010-01-02. Retrieved 2012-09-23.
- Campbell, Lisa D. (1994). Michael Jackson: The King of Pop's Darkest Hour. Branden Books. p. 34. ISBN 0-8283-2003-9., And Leonard Cohen. Extract of page 34
- Andersen, Christopher P. (1995). Michael Jackson: unauthorized. Pocket Books. ISBN 0-671-89240-1.
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