Feed (Grant novel)

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Feed Mira Grant novel cover.jpg
First edition worldwide cover
Author Seanan McGuire (writing as Mira Grant)
Country United States
Language English
Series Newsflesh Trilogy
Genre Science fiction/horror
Publisher Orbit Books
Media type Print (Paperback), Ebook (Kindle)
Pages 599 pp
ISBN ISBN 978-0-316-08105-4
Followed by Deadline

Feed is the first book in the Newsflesh Trilogy, written by Seanan McGuire under the penname Mira Grant, and published by Orbit Books.

A science fiction/horror novel set in the aftermath of a zombie apocalypse and written from the perspective of blog journalist Georgia Mason, Feed follows Georgia and her news team as they join Republican senator Peter Ryman's presidential campaign. A series of deadly incidents leads Georgia and her brother Shaun to discover efforts to undermine the campaign, linked to a larger conspiracy involving the undead.

McGuire's inspiration to write the book was the combination of her interests in horror movies and virology, but she struggled with the plot until a friend suggested using an election as a framing device. The book has been praised for its detailed worldbuilding, including the characters' awareness of previous zombie fiction—an element McGuire had found lacking in most horror works. Feed came second in the 2011 Hugo Award for Best Novel category. Just before Blackout (the conclusion of the trilogy) was published in May 2012, McGuire released an alternate ending to Feed.


Feed is set several decades after the zombie apocalypse, referred to as the Rising. Two man-made viruses (a cure for cancer and a cure for the common cold) combined to form Kellis-Amberlee, a virus that quickly infects all mammalian life. Kellis-Amberlee is normally beneficial, but death causes the virus to 'go live' or 'amplify', converting any host mammal over 40 pounds (18 kg) into a zombie. Most humans reside in tightly controlled safe zones, with rigorous blood testing and decontamination protocols used to prevent the spread of live virus. After the inaction of traditional media during the Rising, blogs and other new media have taken over as the primary source of information and entertainment; bloggers are recognised as professional journalists, with individuals specialising and identifying as 'Newsies' (fact-based reporting), 'Irwins' (named after Steve Irwin, who seek to educate and entertain by going out and "poking things with sticks"), or 'Fictionals' (fictional content), among others.

Feed occurs in 2040, and is written from the perspective of Georgia Mason, a Newsie blogger and head of the After the End Times website. Georgia, her brother Shaun (an Irwin), and their friend Georgette "Buffy" Meissonier (a Fictional and technology guru), are selected to cover the presidential campaign of Senator Peter Ryman, a moderate Republican. The campaign is mostly uneventful until Eakly, Oklahoma, where zombies attack the campaign convoy, killing several before security (assisted by Georgia and Shaun) can contain them; they later find that it was an orchestrated attack. The next stage of the campaign is the Republican National Convention, where Ryman faces off against religious, right-wing Governor David Tate and sex-over-substance Congresswoman Kristen Wagman. During the convention, Newsie and former print journalist Rick Cousins defects from Wagman's campaign to join After the End Times. Ryman is selected as the Republican candidate for the presidency, but as this is announced, Georgia learns that a zombie outbreak recurred at the senator's horse ranch, and his eldest daughter is dead. Georgia and company investigate and find that the outbreak started from a horse injected with live virus.

Ryman and the campaign relocates to Texas, where he joins his vice-presidential candidate: Tate. The bloggers must drive their vehicles and equipment overland. During the trip, the convoy is attacked by a sniper. Georgia, Shaun, and Rick survive, but the van carrying Buffy and Chuck (the campaign's tech chief) crashes; Chuck dies, zombiefies, and bites Buffy. She confesses to leaking information to a group undermining Ryman's campaign; the attack occurred because she had stopped. After administering a coup de grâce, Georgia calls for rescue, but the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) team drugs them and takes them for testing. After being released, the team's work on the campaign is hampered as they dig at the underlying conspiracy, souring the bloggers' relationship with Ryman and Tate. They find evidence linking Tate to the attacks, along with hints of a broader conspiracy involving the CDC and other parties, but when Georgia confronts Ryman during an event in Sacramento, California, he sends them away. As they leave, the bloggers are attacked, and Georgia is shot with a tranquiliser dart containing live virus. Rick escapes with a copy of the group's evidence just before a zombie outbreak is instigated, and Shaun helps Georgia expose the conspiracy through one last blog post. She begins amplifying, forcing Shaun to execute her.

The novel's narration then changes to Shaun's perspective. He rallies Ryman's security detail to help contain the outbreak, then breaks into the convention centre to confront Ryman and Tate. Tate takes Ryman's wife hostage with a syringe of the zombie virus, claiming his actions were part of a plot using fear of the zombies to reshape America into a more faithful society. The governor injects himself instead, and Shaun shoots him to prevent zombiefication.


The inspiration to write Feed came from the combination of McGuire's interests in horror movies and virology.[1] McGuire wanted a zombie virus that was society-changing but survivable, and spent two years developing the virus and its consequences.[1] Another aspect McGuire wanted to tackle was the apparent lack of awareness horror fiction characters had of horror fiction: in her novel, movies like Dawn of the Dead are credited with helping the human race survive.[1]

Despite establishing the background, McGuire struggled with the plot until a friend suggested using a presidential campaign as a framing device.[1] This allowed McGuire to explore a large cross-section of issues and demonstrate the life-changing result of the zombie apocalypse.[1]


Zack Handlen's review of the novel for the A.V. Club described Feed as "The West Wing by way of George Romero".[2] He singles out the level of detail in McGuire's worldbuilding for praise, and although he felt that most of the cast were stock characters, this was not a major obstacle in enjoying the book's narrative.[2]

Writing for Strange Horizons, Jonathan McCalmont praised Feed as a "delight", highlighting its overall structure, well written action and dialogue, and detailed world-building.[3] However, McCalmont found it hard to take the book at face value as a political thriller, and chose to interpret it as a merciless satire of contemporary journalism and the issues associated with it.[3]

The fact that Feed and its characters acknowledged previous zombie fiction was praised by Schlock Mercenary webcartoonist Howard Tayler.[4]

Feed was listed as number 74 in NPR's 2010 "Top 100 Killer Thrillers" poll.[5] The novel was nominated for the 2011 Hugo Award for Best Novel, and came second in that category, behind Blackout/All Clear by Connie Willis.[6][7]

Alternate ending[edit]

Shortly before the 22 May release of Blackout, McGuire released an alternate ending to the novel, titled Fed.[8][9] The ending was initially made available on Facebook on 17 May, then released online by Orbit on 23 May.[8][9]

The new ending starts shortly after Ryman kicks Georgia, Shaun, and Rick out of the Sacramento event, and diverges with the virus dart hitting Shaun instead of Georgia. Georgia and Rick retreat inside the van to post their findings on Tate and the conspiracy, while Shaun dies defending them from the outbreak. Georgia confronts and kills Tate, then commits suicide a week later, unable to live in a world without Shaun. The perspective changes to Rick, broken and alcoholic, as he organizes the Masons' funerals. He notes that the conspiracy may not have ended with Tate, but "someone else was going to have to save the world next time."


  1. ^ a b c d e Grant, Mira; Scalzi, John (30 April 2010). "The Big Idea: Mira Grant". Whatever. John Scalzi. Retrieved 5 March 2012. 
  2. ^ a b Handlen, Zack (13 May 2010). "Feed". A.V. Club. Retrieved 5 March 2012. 
  3. ^ a b McCalmont date=21 February 2011, Jonathan. "Feed by Mira Grant". Strange Horizons. Retrieved 5 March 2012. 
  4. ^ Taylor, Howard (19 June 2011). "Feed Me Some Deadline". SchlockMercenary.com. Retrieved 5 March 2012. 
  5. ^ Matazonni, Joe (4 August 2010). "Audience Picks: Top 100 Killer Thrillers". NPR. Retrieved 5 March 2012. 
  6. ^ "The Hugo Awards". Renovation. 8 August 2011. Retrieved 5 March 2012. 
  7. ^ "2011 Final Ballot". The Hugo Awards. Retrieved 5 March 2012. 
  8. ^ a b "Mira Grant makes alternative ending to Feed available, entitled Fed". Upcoming4.me. 17 May 2012. Retrieved 3 June 2012. 
  9. ^ a b Fitzgerald, Laura (23 May 2012). "What if things had ended…differently? FED by Mira Grant". Orbit. Retrieved 3 June 2012.