Feedback-controlled electromigration (FCE) is an experimental technique to investigate the phenomenon known as electromigration. By controlling the voltage applied as the conductance varies it is possible to keep the voltage at a critical level for electromigration.
FCE has been shown to be reversible, demonstrating the fact that the electrons are moving rather than thermomigration or sublimation. The migration occurs due to the electronic wind force experienced by the metallic adatom. The electromigration occurs at a critical power dissipation in the neck of the bridge. This leads to Electromigrated Nanogaps.
FCE is often used in forming nanogaps in metallic bridges.
- H.Ishida (September 2000). "Driving force for adatom electromigration within mixed Cu/Al overlayers on Al(111)". Phys. Rev. 89. doi:10.1063/1.1325385.
- D.R. Strachan et al. (2006). "Clean Electromigrated Nanogaps Imaged by Transmission Electron Microscopy". Nano Lett 6.
- M.Mahadevan and R.m. Bradley (1999). "Simulations and theory of electromigration-induced slit formation in unpassivated single-crystal metal lines". Phys. Rev. B 59. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.59.11037.