|Area||185.45 km2 (71.60 sq mi)|
|Elevation||10 m (33 ft)|
|Population||12,911 (31 December 2011)|
|- Density||70 /km2 (180 /sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
|Area codes||04371 und 04372|
Fehmarn (Danish: Femern) is an island and—since 2003—a town on this island in the Baltic Sea, off the eastern coast of Schleswig-Holstein, Germany, and ca. 18 kilometers south of the Danish island of Lolland. It belongs to the district of Ostholstein.
Earlier names of the island are Femera, Fimbria, Cimbria parva, and Imbra.
On 26 July 1932, the German Navy's training ship "Niobe" sank off the island during a sudden squall, with the loss of 69 lives. At Gammendorfer Strand on Fehmarn, within view of the site of the sinking, the Niobe-Denkmal monument was erected.
Since 1963, Fehmarn has been connected to the German mainland by a road and rail bridge crossing the Fehmarn Sound Bridge. It is 963.40 m (3160.76 ft.) long and 69 m high.
The area is 185 km² and the coastline is 78 km. The highest hills are the "Hinrichsberg" (27.2 m) and the "Wulfener Berg" (26.5 m). The largest community on Fehmarn is Burg, with 6,000 inhabitants. In addition, there are many small villages.
The Fehmarn Belt, a strait separating Fehmarn from Lolland, is located on the side opposite to Germany. It can be crossed by ferries travelling between the seaports of Puttgarden, Germany, and Rødbyhavn, Denmark. The crossing takes about 45 minutes.
The 963-metre (3,159 ft) long Fehmarn Sound Bridge connects the German island of Fehmarn with the German mainland near Großenbrode.
The coasts serve as resting places for migratory birds, and it is thus a popular location for ornithologists. The islands bird reserves are looked after by NABU's conservation centre at the Wallnau Waterbird Reserve. In Burg there is a large aquarium with 40 fish tanks.
Fehmarn is famous for its nature and recreation areas, especially during summer times (July–September) and is also well known for its Windsurf and Kitesurf spots. Currently there are more than ten Surfspots known on the island.
Notable residents 
Lina Heydrich and her husband Reinhard Heydrich had a summer home here, which after the war Lina ran with her second husband Mauno Manninen, as a restaurant and inn until it burned down in February 1969.
Twin towns 
See also 
- "Statistikamt Nord: Bevölkerung in Schleswig-Holstein am 31. Dezember 2011 nach Kreisen, Ämtern, amtsfreien Gemeinden und Städten". Statistisches Amt für Hamburg und Schleswig-Holstein (in German). 19 July 2012.
- Lehrer, Steven (2000). Wannsee House and the Holocaust. p. 196. ISBN 978-0-7864-0792-7.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Fehmarn|
|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Fehmarn.|
- Satellite map from Google Maps
- Stadt Fehmarn
- Fehmarn Events
- Fehmarn Genealogy
- Fehmarn Webcam
- "Fehmarn". Collier's New Encyclopedia. 1921.