Felix of Nola

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Saint Felix of Nola
Felix of Nola-1.jpg
Saint Felix of Nola beaten and hidden by a spider's web
Priest
Born c. early 3rd century
Nola, Campania, Italy
Died c. 250[1]
Nola, Campania, Italy
Honored in

Roman Catholic Church

Orthodox Church
Canonized Pre-Congregation
Feast 14 January
Patronage Nola, Italy

Saint Felix of Nola (d. ca. 250) was a Christian presbyter at Nola near Naples in Italy. He sold off his possessions in order to give to the poor, but was arrested and tortured for his Christian faith during the persecution of the Roman emperor Decius (r. 249-51). He was believed to have died a martyr's death during the persecution of Decius or Valentinian (ca. 253), but is now listed in the General Roman Calendar as a confessor of the faith, who survived his tortures.[1]

Legend[edit]

Felix was the elder son of Hermias, a Syrian soldier who had retired to Nola, Italy.[2] After his father's death Felix sold off most of his property and possessions, gave the proceeds to the poor, and pursued a clerical vocation. Felix was ordained by, and worked with, Saint Maximus of Nola.[3]

When bishop Maximus fled to the mountains to escape the persecution of the Roman emperor Decius, Felix was arrested and beaten for his faith instead. He escaped prison, according to legend being freed by an angel, so that he could help bishop Maximus. Felix found Maximus alone, ill, and helpless, and hid him from soldiers in a vacant building. When the two were safely inside, a spider quickly spun a web over the door, fooling the imperial forces into thinking it was long abandoned, and they left without finding the Christians. A subsequent attempt to arrest Felix followed, which he avoided by hiding in a ruined building where again a spider's web spun across the entrance convinced the soldiers the building was abandoned. The two managed to hide from authorities until the persecution ended with the death of Emperor Decius in 251.[3]

After Maximus's death, the people wanted Felix to be the next bishop of Nola, but he declined, favoring Quintus, a "senior" priest who had seven days more experience than Felix. Felix himself continued as a priest. He also continued to farm his remaining land, and gave most of the proceeds to people even poorer than himself.[3]

Legend assigns to Felix a martyr's death either in the year 255 under Emperor Valerian (253-260) or, in another version, in the general persecution instigated by the Emperor Decius (249-251). According to Butler, Felix died in a good old age, on the fourteenth of January.[2]

Veneration[edit]

Burial place of Felix of Nola in Cimitile

Much of the little information we have about Felix comes from the letters and poetry of Saint Paulinus of Nola, who served at the door of a church dedicated to Saint Felix, and who gathered information about him from churchmen and pilgrims.

The Roman Martyrology gives 14 January as the feast day of "Saint Felix, presbyter, who, as reported by Saint Paulinus, was imprisoned at a time of furious persecutions and underwent harsh torture. When at length peace was obtained, he returned home and in poverty lived a withdrawn life until old age, an unconquered confessor of the faith".[4]

Five churches have been built at, or near the place, where he was first interred, which was without the precincts of the city of Nola. His precious remains are kept in the cathedral; but certain portions are at Rome, Benevento, and some other places.[2] In time a new church in Nola was dedicated in the name of St Felix. People travelled from far away to see the burial place of this revered saint.

He should not be confused with another Saint Felix of Nola, of about a century later, whose feast is on 15 November

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Calendarium Romanum (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 1969), p. 112
  2. ^ a b c "Butler, Alban. ''The Lives of the Saints'', Vol.I, 1866". Bartleby.com. Retrieved 2014-02-20. 
  3. ^ a b c "Coleman, Ambrose. "St. Felix of Nola." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 6. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1909. 8 Jun. 2013". Newadvent.org. 1909-09-01. Retrieved 2014-02-20. 
  4. ^ "Sancti Felicis, presbyteri, qui, ut sanctus Paulinus refert, persecutionibus furentibus, in carcerem coniectus acerbissima sustinuit tormenta et, pace tandem conciliata, inter suos rediit in paupertate secedens senectm usque, confessor fidei invictur" (Martyrologium Romanum, Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2001 ISBN 88-209-7210-7)
  • Donald Attwater and Catherine Rachel John, "The Penguin Dictionary of Saints." 3rd edition, New York: Penguin Books, 1993, ISBN 0-14-051312-4.