Feltville Historic District

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Feltville Historic District
Houses in Deserted Village, Watchung Reservation, NJ.jpg
East elevations of two remaining vacant houses, 2009
Feltville Historic District is located in Union County, New Jersey
Feltville Historic District
Location Berkeley Heights, NJ
Coordinates 40°40′53″N 74°23′13″W / 40.68139°N 74.38694°W / 40.68139; -74.38694Coordinates: 40°40′53″N 74°23′13″W / 40.68139°N 74.38694°W / 40.68139; -74.38694
Area 130 acres (53 ha)
Built 1825-1882
Governing body Union County Park Commission
NRHP Reference # 80002522[1]
Added to NRHP 1980

The Feltville Historic District, located in the Watchung Reservation in Berkeley Heights, Union County, New Jersey, United States, is a historic area which contains several buildings dating to the 18th century. It is known locally as "The Deserted Village."[2]

The district includes eight houses, a church, a carriage house, and a general house. Over the years the "deserted village of Feltville" was a mill town, a farming community, and a summer resort. Only three families remain as permanent residents, while the remainder of the site is open to visitors who wish to learn of its history or to simply enjoy the forested surroundings. In 1980 it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Masker's Barn, restored in September 2011
Empty houses in Feltville, January 2012

History[edit]

The first settler of this area was Peter Willcox, an Englishman who moved here from Long Island about 1736. The area then was a frontier. He built a sawmill, but it was demolished as more people came to the area.

David Felt, a businessman in Boston, Massachusetts, decided to move to New York City in 1825. By 1844, the production of his mill could not grow fast enough to meet the demands of the merchants he supplied, so Felt began to look for land in New Jersey on which to build a second factory. Eventually he bought land from the descendants of Peter Willcox, and in two years, he had built a mill on Blue Brook, two dams for the mill, and a town for the workers in the mill. He named this new town “Feltville”. Within the little town, Felt gained the nickname of "King David", for he required the residents to attend services in the churchhouse and their children to attend classes in a one-room schoolhouse.

By 1850, about 175 people lived in Feltville, often four families in each of the larger houses and two in each of the smaller. Also in that year, a nondenominational "Union Church" with a resident pastor was active.[3] After fifteen years, "King David" Felt sold the property, and after several successor businesses failed, the place became known as "the deserted village". In 1882, it was bought by Warren Ackerman, who transformed it to a summer resort called Glenside Park. Interest soon dwindled as more people chose to summer on the shore of New Jersey instead. After the place was again deserted, the Union Country Park Commission bought it and included it in the Watchung Reservation, renting the houses to families. The houses were stabilized recently. In September 2011 Masker's Barn, the carriage house built by Warren Ackerman, was restored. The hall served as a cafeteria and lecture hall from 1966 to 1984.

Since many of the main structures are no longer standing, an ongoing preservation effort aims to show visitors how the inhabitants of Feltville-Glenside Park once lived. The main missing buildings are the mill, the Felt Mansion, the dormitories, and the school. The foundation of the mill is still visible next to Blue Brook, which runs farther downhill of the buildings that still stand.[4]

Tourist attractions[edit]

County staff also provides activities on certain weekends where they have children’s games, a demonstration of apple cider pressing, and a display of archaeological artifacts.

During the month of October, two weeks before Halloween, there are haunted hayrides for families. They ride through this town, explaining the noted people throughout this town’s history and of course adding special effects.

This is open to the public daily and there is a visitor center where brochures are given.

Rumors of ghosts[edit]

An apocryphal story circulates online that tells of three ghosts living in the house furthest down the path. The story claims the rumors originated in 1912, when three young sisters all went camping deep in the woods, but did not return. Locals were only able to find their bonnets, and the fears of the people caused almost half of the residents to move away. Those that remained never let their children go deep in the woods again without supervision.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010. 
  2. ^ "The Deserted Village". Union County NJ Parks & Recreation. Retrieved 2014-11-12. 
  3. ^ New-York Daily Tribune, July 4, 1850
  4. ^ http://ucnj.org/news/1005desertedvillage.html
  5. ^ "Feltville Historic District Watchung Reservation". strangeusa.com. 2013-04-02. Retrieved 2014-11-12. 
  • Union County, NJ- Parks. Union County. Retrieved 2008-04-20
  • Mountainside History. Mountainside Public Library. Retrieved 2008-04-20

External links[edit]

  • Deserted Village [1]
  • Watchung Reservation [2]
  • Union County official website [3]
Feltville in October 2011