Feluda

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Feluda
Feluda and Topshe.jpg
Feluda (right in the drawing) and Topshe in Feludar Goendagiri, drawing by Satyajit Ray
First appearance Feludar Goendagiri
Last appearance Robertsoner Ruby
Created by Satyajit Ray
Portrayed by Soumitra Chatterjee
Shashi Kapoor
Sabyasachi Chakrabarty
Abir Chatterjee
Real name Pradosh Chandra Mitra
Residence 21 Rajani Sen Road, Ballygunge, Kolkata
Height 6 feet 2 inches
Alma mater Scottish Church College
Information
Nickname(s) Felu (ফেলু)
Gender Male
Occupation Private investigator
Title Mitter
Family Jaykrishna Mitra (father)
Spouse(s) Unmarried
Relatives Tapesh Ranjan Mitra (cousin)
Religion Hindu
Nationality Indian

Feluda (Bengali: ফেলুদা), or Prodosh Chandra Mitra, (Bengali: প্রদোষ চন্দ্র মিত্র), who also uses the Anglicised name Pradosh C. Mitter, is a fictional private investigator starring in a series of Bengali novels and short stories written by Indian Bengali film director and writer Satyajit Ray.[1] The detective lives at 21 Rajani Sen Road, Ballygunge, Kolkata, West Bengal, India. Feluda first made his appearance in a Bengali children's magazine called Sandesh in 1965, under the editorialship of Satyajit Ray and Subhas Mukhopadhyay. His first adventure was Feludar Goendagiri.[2]

Feluda is most of the times accompanied by his cousin Tapesh (affectionately called Topshe by Feluda), who serves as the narrator of the stories. From the sixth story, Sonar Kella (The Golden Fortress), the duo are joined by a popular thriller writer Jatayu (Lalmohon Ganguli).

Feluda has had been filmed at times, with the character been played by Soumitra Chatterjee, Sabyasachi Chakrabarty and Shashi Kapoor. Satyajit Ray directed two Feluda movies— Sonar Kella (1974) and Joy Baba Felunath (1978). Sandip Ray made a series of telefilms and serials on Feulda's adventures. He also made few full-length Bengali films on the character.

Character development of Feluda[edit]

Inspiration of Sherlock Holmes[edit]

Feluda is a big admirer of Sherlock Holmes which he mention multiple times. In Kailash Choudharyr Pathar he praises the way Holmes used to draw large conclusions from observations. In Londone Feluda, when Feluda goes to Baker Street, he openly considers Holmes as the "master" (Bengali: guru) of all private detectives.

Satyajit Ray had deep interests in crime fiction and he read all Sherlock Holmes fictions in his school days. And when Ray himself started writing crime fictions, unsurprisingly, the character Sherlock Holmes inspired his writings. Feluda's character resembles to Sherlock Holmes and Tapesh/Topseh's character resembles to Dr. Watson.[3] In the stories of Feluda, he is displayed as a big admirer of Sherlock Holmes which he mention multiple times. In Kailash Choudharyr Pathar he praises the way Holmes used to draw large conclusions from observations. In Londone Feluda, when Feluda goes to Baker Street, he openly considers Holmes as the "master" (Bengali: guru) of all private detectives.

Personality of Feluda[edit]

Prodosh Chandra Mitra, popularly known by his nickname Feluda, first appeared in the eponymous Bengali short story Feludar Goyendagiri (Feluda's Investigation) in 1965.[2] The story, written by Satyajit Ray, was published in Sandesh, a children's periodical founded by Ray's grandfather, Upendrakishore Ray Chowdhury and edited by Ray himself. In the Feluda series that followed, he was portrayed as a man of around 27 with a tall (6' 2"), athletic figure. Despite being a strongly built man adept in martial arts, Feluda relies mostly upon his superb analytical ability and observation skill (jokingly referred to as the Magajastra or brain-weapon) to solve cases instead of using physical strength or weapons. He is very choosy about taking up cases and prefers cases that require cerebral effort. He possesses a .32 Colt revolver, but the weapon is used very infrequently and mostly for non-violent purposes. However, contemporary (2000s) movies based on Feluda stories feature scenes of violence uncharacteristic of the series, where Feluda demonstrates his martial art powers. Feluda is known to be a good sleight-of-hand, and he put that skill to use for solving couple of cases. He is also good at disguises. Feluda often calls a meeting while solving the mystery. The most popular stories of Feluda are- Kailashe Kelenkari, Chinnamastar Abhishap, Darjeeling Jomjomat etc.

Feluda' personal life[edit]

Feluda possesses a .32 Colt revolver, but the weapon is used very infrequently and mostly for non-violent purposes.

In his personal life, Feluda is a common Bengali youth who has been brought up by his father's younger brother (Tapesh/Topshe's father) after his parent's death when he was only 9. His father, the late Jaykrishna Mitra, used to teach Mathematics and Sanskrit at Dhaka Collegiate School. Feluda, too, taught in a school before his detective career. Feluda was student of Scottish Church College. He enjoys delivering classroom-like lectures, a carry-over from that profession. He finds an avid listener in his cousin Tapesh. Also, he often uses his oratory skill at the climactic scenes to cajole the culprit in confessing his crime. He is an early riser and is often shown starting his day with yoga.

Contrary to his otherwise healthy lifestyle, Feluda enjoys smoking cigarettes and chewing betel leaves. His favourite brand of cigarettes is Charminar. He is a connoisseur of delicious foods, popular music and movies, and books. He has a great appreciation for Sherlock Holmes and, according to the film Tintorettor Jishu, Bruce Lee. Like Sherlock Holmes, he has an omnivorous reading habit (reflecting that of Ray's own), which add up to his enormous general knowledge. This know-how often comes handy while socialising with people and unravelling mysteries. He always reads about the place he is visiting. He says it comes in handy sometimes.

Other characters[edit]

Tapesh Ranjan Mitra[edit]

Feluda's cousin, who is fondly referred to as Topshe,[4] is based on Arthur Conan Doyle's conception of John Watson. Just like the former army surgeon, Topshe is the quintessential accomplice and faithfully records each of Prodosh Mitra's exploits accurately. Though Feluda often teases his young cousin, he is extremely fond and very protective of him. Feluda lives with Topshe's family. Topshe's father is the younger brother of Feluda's father, and therefore his uncle, and they all reside at 21, Rajani Sen Road, Kolkata-700029. Although there really is a 'Rajani Sen Road' in Kolkata, the house number is missing. In films and TV serials the character has been played by Siddahartha Chattopadhyay, Saswata Chattopadhyaya, and Parambrata Chattopadhyay at different times. He is a teenager. The new Topshe is played by Saheb Bhattacharjee, son of footballer Subrato Bhattacharjee. But now in the new film of Sandip Ray-- "Badshahi Angti" Actor Sourav Das will play the role.

Lalmohon Ganguli or Jatayu[edit]

Lalmohon Ganguli is a close friend of Prodosh Chandra Mitra, and is described as the author of a series of Bengali crime thrillers written under the pseudonym 'Jatayu'. His crime stories novels are usually derided as unbelievable, considering that his main character is always the superhero Prakhar Rudra, and in his words, Height:6 ft 3 1/2 inches, waist:36, chest:46, shoulders:22 and wrist:8 1/2. Though all his novels seem to have become best-sellers, he often tends to make extremely silly mistakes such as spelling igloos as 'ilgoos'. In Baksho Rahasya or Mystery of a Box, he confuses hippos with walruses — a tendency that Feluda often tries to correct. He sometimes serves as a perfect foil to the group and in Ray's own words provides 'dollops of humour', although he sometimes does some brave acts not expected of him. He owns a 'Madrasi green' Ambassador car. Jatayu makes his first appearance in Sonar Kella joining Feluda and Topshe in the train at Kanpur, on their way to Jodhpur. In the first two films on Feluda, which were directed by Ray himself, the character was played by Santosh Dutta, and after the first one, Ray modified the literary character to some extent, making him look and behave quite like Dutta himself. Jatayu lives at Garpar in Kolkata, and it may be recalled that Satyajit Ray himself passed his childhood at 100, Garpar.

Sidhu Jyatha[edit]

Sidhu Jyatha's formal name is Shiddeshwar Basu. He is an aged character who has described himself to be like Sherlock Holmes's brother Mycroft, living on Sardar Sankar Road, Lake Market, Kolkata. He is a bibliophile, and has an extensive base of general knowledge, current and historical affairs. He is a close friend of Feluda's father, being neighbours in their ancestral village at Bangladesh. Feluda's jyatha (that is, uncle) is said to have a 'photographic memory', and is a vast source of information which comes in handy when Feluda is in need of some. His vast knowledge comes from his collection of varied kinds of newspaper clippings which he has accumulated over the years. The role was played by Harindranath Chattopadhyay in Sonar Kella and by Haradhan Banerjee in Kailashe Kelenkari and in "Gorosthaney Sabdhan". Following recent Feluda films made by Sandip Ray, Satyajit Ray's son, there have been questions over Sidhu Jyatha's continued relevance in the stories considering technologies such as the internet offer a faster, wider and more effective knowledge base than a well-read person.

Haripada[edit]

Haripada is the driver of Lalmohon Ganguli's second-hand green Mark II Ambassador car. He is a loyal, intelligent and reliable person and is of great help when needed. He played a crucial role in Gorosthaney Sabhdhan where he saved the lives of Feluda, Lalmohon, and Topshe. In Ambar Sen Ontordhan Rohossho, Haripad is seen carrying the ransom to the kidnapper. He also has a minor role in Boshpukery Khunkharapi, where he takes part in a surveillance mission with the rest of the Feluda gang in disguise.

Maganlal Meghraj[edit]

Meghraj is a villainous character who appears in several of Feluda's stories, including Joy Baba Felunath, Jato Kando Kathmandute, and Golapi Mukta Rahasyao. He has been compared to Professor Moriarty of the Sherlock Holmes-series. Utpal Dutta immortalised this character in one Feluda movie Joi Baba Felunath, which Satyajit Ray directed.

Pulak Ghoshal[edit]

Ghoshal is a Mumbai-based popular Hindi film director hailing from Kolkata. His original home in Kolkata is in the neighbourhood of Lalmohonbabu's in northern Kolkata's Garpar. He has directed two films based on Lalmohonbabu's stories . During the shooting of both these films, dangerous events took place, resulting in arrest of a producer in one film (Bombaiyer Bombete) and arrest of an actor in another film (Darjeeling Jamjomat).

Minor characters[edit]

  • Srinath is the domestic help of Feluda and Topshe. He is often seen serving tea for Feluda and his clients. He is also a good cook of Bengali food.
  • Bharadwaj is a minor character who is the household cook at Jatayu's place.
  • Baikuntha Mallik was Jatayu's Bengali teacher at Ethenium Institution when he was in the seventh grade. Lalmohan Babu often describes him as a great poet who did not get the adulation he deserved. There is no presence of him in the story but in some stories we can see Jatayu reciting his poems.

Feluda series[edit]

The list is chronologically arranged.
Color key

  •      indicates "story".
  •      indicates "novel".
  •      indicates unfinished writings.
Novel/Story English name First publication details Plot outline Location of incidence Characters
Topshe Jatayu Sidhu Jyatha Villain/Antagonist
Feludar Goendagiri Danger in Darjeeling Sandesh, December 1965—February 1966 Feluda goes to Darjeeling with Topshe, meets Rajen Babu who gets a life threat in a letter. Feluda investigates. Darjeeling Yes No No Tinkari Babu
Badshahi Angti The Emperor's Ring Sandesh, May 1966—May 1967 Feluda with Topshe and Topshe's father goes to meet Dhiru Kaka, their advocate uncle in Lucknow. There they find Dr Srivastav's house burgled the previous night and a precious ring was stolen. Feluda starts investigating secretly Lucknow Yes No No Bonobihari Sarkar
Kailash Choudharyr Pathar Kailash Choudhury's Jewel Sharadiya Sandesh, 1967 Kolkata Yes No No Kedar Chowdhury
Sheyal Debotar Rahasya The Anubis Mystery Sandesh, Summer issue, May—June 1970 Nilmony Sanyal buys a precious statue of Anubis from an auction. But soon the statue goes missing. Feluda is appointed to investigate. Kolkata Yes No No Nilmoni sanyal
Gangtokey Gondogol Trouble in Gangtok Sharadiya Desh, 1970 Feluda and Topshe visit Gangtok for a vacation and meet some interesting people, each having a key role in a case of a car accident, later revealed to be a well planned murder. Gangtok Yes No No Shosodhar Bose (Dr. Baidya)
Sonar Kella The Golden Fortress Sharadiya Desh, 1971 Mukul Dhar, a child of Kolkata claims that he can remember events of his previous life and informs that in his previous life he used to stay in a "Golden Fortress" of Rajasthan. Feluda finds out the truth behind it! Rajasthan Yes Yes Yes Amiyanath Burman and Mandar Bose
Baksho Rahashya The Incident on Kalka Mail Sharadiya Desh, 1972 Dinanath Lahiri, an aged Bengali man, meets Feluda and informs that he has mistakenly swapped his suitcase in a train with one belonging to one of his co-passengers and asks Feluda to return it. Feluda discovers that there was a valuable manuscript in the suitcase of Mr. Lahiri. Feluda takes the responsibility to find out the suitcase and the manuscript. Kolkata, Shimla Yes Yes Yes Naresh Chandra Pakrashi and Prabir Lahiri
Samaddarer Chabi The Key Sharadiya Sandesh, 1973 Radharaman Mitra, a Bengali wealthy musician, dies keeping all his money in an unknown secret place. Before dying, he utters the word "In my name... key". This might be the clue to find the hidden wealth. Feluda is asked for assistance to find out the money. Bamungachhi Yes No No Monimohon Samaddar
Kailashe Kelenkari A Killer in Kailash Sharadiya Desh, 1973 Feluda investigates a case of illegal trade of valuable artefacts stolen from ancient Indian temples, the latest being a 'yakshi' head sculpt from a temple in Orissa Kolkata, Aurangabad Yes Yes Yes Chattoraj a.k.a. Mr Rakshit
Royal Bengal Rahashya The Royal Bengal Mystery Sharadiya Desh, 1974 On an invitation by Mahitosh Singha Ray, Lalmohon Babu takes Feluda and Topshe to a forest near Bhutan where Feluda is given a puzzle to solve. He solves that successfully, unearths hidden secrets of the Singha Ray family, solves a murder and kills a man-eater tiger in the process. He, at the end of the story is rewarded with a Tiger-skin. Place near Bhutan border,
40 km from Jalpaiguri
Yes Yes No -
Joy Baba Felunath Mystery of the Elephant God Sharadiya Desh, 1975 Feluda, his cousin Topshe and the thriller writer Jatayu visit Benaras during the Durga Pujas. There a valuable small Ganesh statue from a Ghoshal family gets stolen. Feluda is appointed to find out the thief. This is also Feluda's first meeting with his nemesis Maganlal Meghraj Varanasi Yes Yes No Maganlal Meghraj
Ghurghutiya-r Ghatona The Locked Chest Sharadiya Sandesh, 1975 Kalikinkar Mukherjee from Ghughutiya, Nadia, West Bengal sends a mail to Feluda claiming him to be an admirer of Feluda and invites him to Ghurghutiya. Felua and Topshe go to the place. There in the house Kalikinkar Mukherjee shows them a talking parrot which only knows number combination to unlock a locker. The parrot says— Trinayan, trinayan, ettoo jiro. Now Feluda has to find out the number combination from those unclear words uttered by the parrot. Feluda finds that out, in addition he finds out something more— a murder. Ghurghutiya, Nadia, West Bengal Yes No No Bishwanath Majumdar
Bombaiyer Bombete The Bandit's of Bombay Sharadiya Desh, 1976 Pulak Ghoshal is making a Hindi film based on Jatayu's bestseller. But a mysterious man named Sanyal has other plans for the simpleton thriller writer Mumbai Yes Yes No Gopinath Gorey / Sanyal
Gosainpur Sargaram The Mystery of the Walking Dead Sharadiya Sandesh, 1976 Gosaipur is a small town, not far from Kolkata. But the erstwhile zamindar of that area has lost faith in his son, and is becoming increasingly dependent on an astrologer who claims to bring back the dead! Feluda investigates. Yes Yes No Mriganko Bhattacharya (Atmaram)
Gorosthaney Sabdhan The Secret of the Cemetery Sharadiya Desh, 1977 A man is found lying unconscious after a stormy evening at South Park Street Cemetery. Feluda goes to investigates and finds the man's wallet there. He meets the injured victim himself. He senses something wrong and starts an investigation on his own, which leads him to deep secrets lying in the history of the city of Kolkata. Kolkata Yes Yes Yes
Chhinnamastar Abhishap The Curse of the Goddess Sharadiya Desh, 1978 Yes Yes No
Hatyapuri The House of Death Sharadiya Sandesh, 1979 Feluda and Co goes to Puri to escape the heat of Kolkata. A dead body is found in the beach. A local astrologer tells everything about a man by touching his pineal gland. Feluda investigates. Puri Yes Yes No Lakkhan Bhattacharya
Golokdham Rahasya A Mysterious Tenant Sandesh May—August 1980 Kolkata Yes No No
Joto Kando Katmandute The Criminals of Kathmandu Sharadiya Desh, 1980 Feluda goes to Nepal to catch a murderer, and discovers the case to be far more complicating than it seems. While investigating, Jatayu gets drugged and Feluda meets an old enemy. Kathmandu Yes Yes No Maganlal Meghraj & Mr. Batra
Napoleoner Chithi Napoleon's Letter Sharadiya Sandesh, 1981 A pet bird gets stolen the day after it was bought. An aged curio collector is murdered by a person who seemingly doesn't exist. Does the two mysteries have any link? Feluda investigates. Yes Yes No Sadhan Dastidar
Tintorettor Jishu Tintoretto's Jesus Sharadiya Desh, 1982 Hong Kong Yes Yes No Hiralal Somani
Ambar Sen Antordhan Rahasya The Disappearance of Ambar Sen Anandamela 4 May—15 June 1983 Ambar Sen, a Bengali comes to Feluda and informs him that he has got threatening mail. Later Mr. Sen is kidnapped. Feluda investigates. Kolkata Yes Yes No Samaresh Mullick
Jahangirer Swarnomudra The Gold Coins of Jehangir Sharadiya Sandesh, 1983 The trio of Feluda, Jatayu and Tapesh has been invited to Panihati to investigate the case of a missing gold coin of Jahangir. The client had a collection of 12 gold coins but on his last birthday, one of them was stolen by one of his most trusted invites. He invites the same group of people this year and asks Feluda to catch the culprit while hiding his true identity. Panihati Yes Yes No Jayanta Chowdhury & Dr. Sarkar
Ebar Kando Kedarnathe Crime in Kedarnath Sharadiya Desh, 1984 Kedarnath Yes Yes No
Bosepukure Khunkharapi The Acharya Murder Case Sharadiya Sandesh, 1985 Indra Narayan Acharya, a theatre artis gets murdered. Feluda investigates. Kolkata Yes Yes No Pradyumna Mullick
Harinarayana Acharya
Darjeeling Jomjomat Murder in the Mountains Sharadiya Desh, 1986 Darjeeling Yes Yes No Vishnudas Balaporia a.k.a. Rajen Raina
Bhuswarga Bhoyonkor Peril in Paradise Sharadiya Desh, 1987 Feluda and trio goes to Kashmir. They meet a retired judge who attempts calling the spirits of the criminals to whom he sentenced death. He is found murdered after a few days.. Why?? Feluda tries to find out Kashmir Yes Yes No
Indrajal Rahasya Magical Mystery Sandesh December 1995—February 1996 Kolkata Yes Yes No
Apsara Theatrer Mamla Sharadiya Sandesh, 1987 A notable theatre personality is found murdered Yes Yes No
Sakuntalar Kanthahaar Shakuntala's Necklace Sharadiya Desh, 1988 Lucknow Yes Yes No
Golapi Mukta Rahasya The Mystery of the Pink Pearl Joychaand Baral possesses an extremely rare object - a Pink Pearl, which has sought attention of quite a few influential people, notably Maganlal Meghraj, the nemesis of Feluda. Can Feluda stop him before he plans another crime to possess the pearl? Kolkata, Benaras Yes Yes No Maganlal Meghraj
Londone Feluda Feluda in London Sharadiya Desh, 1989 Feluda goes to London on request of a client to investigate the murder of his son, who was drowned few years back. London, Kolkata Yes Yes No
Dr. Munshir Diary Dr. Munshi's Diary Sharadiya Sandesh, 1990 Yes Yes No
Nayan Rahasya The Mystery of Nayan Sharadiya Desh, 1990 Yes Yes No
Robertsoner Ruby Robertson's Ruby Sharadiya Desh, 1992 The quest to save a valuable Ruby which was taken from India to London during the Sepoy Mutiny Birbhum, West Bengal Yes Yes No
Unfinished writings
Baksho Rahasya
(first draft)
N.A. Sharadiya Sandesh, 1995 Kolkata Yes No No N.A.
Tota Rahasya
(first draft)
N.A. Sharadiya Sandesh, 1996 Kolkata Yes No No N.A.
Aditya Bardhaner Abishkar N.A. Sharadiya Sandesh, 1997 Agra Yes Yes No N.A.

Feluda in other media[edit]

Films[edit]

Satyajit Ray directed Sonar Kella and Joi Baba Felunath into movies in Bengali, starring actor Soumitra Chatterjee as Feluda, Santosh Dutta as Jatayu and Siddhartha Chatterjee as Topshe.

Until 2011, Sandip Ray has directed six Feluda feature length films:

  • In 2010 an animated film produced by DQE Productions titled Feluda – The Kathmandu Caper was produced and the rights were acquired by Disney Channel India. The movie premiered in October and repeat is shown usually on the channel.

Telefilms[edit]

In addition to the feature films, many of the Feluda stories have been filmed by Sandip Ray as telefilms under the names/packages:

  • Satyajit Ray Presents (In Hindi, Kissa Kathmandu ka based on Joto Kando Kathmandu for DD 1)
  • Feluda 30 (Baxo Rahashya, Gosaipur Sargaram, Sheyal Devta Rahashya, Bosepukure Khunkharapi, Joto Kando Kathmandu for DD Bangla, Later Repeated in Tara Music)
  • Satyajiter Goppo (Jahangirer Swarnamudra, Ghurghutiyar Ghotona, Golapi Mukto Rahashya, Ambar Sen Antardhan Rahashya for DD Bangla)
  • Satyajiter Priyo Golpo (Dr Munshir Diary For ETV Bangla)

In the Hindi telefilms, Feluda was played by Shashi Kapoor, Jatayu by Mohan Agashe and Magan Lal Meghraj once again by Utpal Dutt. Feluda was played by Soumitra Chatterjee in a few of the Bengali telefilms made in the 1990s while Sabyasachi Chakrabarty played that role in most of the telefilms made later. Jatayu was played sometimes by Rabi Ghosh, sometimes by Anup Kumar and finally by Bibhu Bhattacharya after the death of Santosh Dutta.

TV[edit]

  • Disney Channel announces the acquisition of FELUDA - THE KATHMANDU CAPER - the first ever animated TV movie based on one of India's best loved detective series "Feluda", by globally acclaimed Oscar winning director, author Satyajit Ray.
  • Disney XD India started an animated series Written by Satyajit Ray, named "Feluda" on Mon-Fri 1:00 PM slot.

Radio[edit]

  • Akashabani had produced Darjeeling Jomjomat casting a set of regular actors in radio.
  • In January 2007, the BBC World Service announced that it would produce at least two 'episodes' of the popular detective stories. Bollywood star Rahul Bose speaks the leading role, with Anupam Kher voicing Lalmohan. The first episode, "The Golden Fortress", aired on 10 February 2007 with the second episode, "The Mystery of the Elephant God" following on 11 August 2007.

Comics[edit]

Some of the Feluda stories have been made into comic strips by artists and authors. These have been published by Ananda Publishers. English versions of comics have appeared in The Telegraph.

Penguin Books has released comic book versions of around 35 Feluda mysteries. Art has been drawn by Tapas Guha and script is by Subhadra Sen Gupta.[5]

Music[edit]

In a collaborative album brought out in 1996 by HMV, Kabir Suman sings a 'Feludar Gaan' (Feluda's song). The song written by Kabir Suman was first publicised at Sandesh magazine on the special Feluda 30 issue released in December 1995 on the completion of 30 years of Feluda stories. Later in a collaborative album by HMV Choto Boro Miley (1996) the song was composed and performed by three-legend singer-songwriter Kabir Suman, Nachiketa Chakraborty and Anjan Dutt.

Later many of Bengali songs have references and symbols of Feluda franchise including "Calcium" by Anjan Dutt from the album Purono Guitar (1995).

Feluda in Pujabarshiki[edit]

Nearly every Feluda story was published annually in the Pujabarshiki Desh (the edition of Desh commemorating the Durgapuja published every year). Thereafter the stories were published as hard-back editions by Ananda Publishers. Some of the stories were published originally in Sandesh, a children's magazine co-edited by Satyajit Ray.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Andrew Robinson (1989). Satyajit Ray: The Inner Eye. University of California Press. pp. 233–. ISBN 978-0-520-06946-6. Retrieved 9 July 2012. 
  2. ^ a b Satyajit Ray (1 February 2005). Complete Adventures of Feluda. Penguin Books India. pp. 10–. ISBN 978-0-14-303278-6. Retrieved 14 October 2012. 
  3. ^ Ray; Satyajit & Sen Gupta; Subhadra (text) (2011). Feluda Mysteries : The Criminals Of. Penguin Books India. pp. 2–. ISBN 978-0-14-333154-4. Retrieved 3 May 2013. 
  4. ^ Ravi N. Pandey (1 January 2008). Encyclopaedia of Great Indian Novels And Novelists (Set of 3 Vols.). Anmol Publications Pvt. Ltd. p. 228. ISBN 978-81-261-3700-8. Retrieved 14 October 2012. 
  5. ^ Penguin Books listing of Feluda Books

External links[edit]