Female urination device
||This article's tone or style may not reflect the encyclopedic tone used on Wikipedia. (December 2013)|
A female urination device (FUD), female urination aid or stand-to-pee device (STP) is a device which aids a female or female-bodied transgender person to urinate while standing upright. Variations include basic disposable funnels to more elaborate reusable designs. FUDs have increased in popularity since the 1990s. They are used for sanitary and medical reasons, and outdoor pursuits.
It is possible for a woman to aim her urine from a standing position without using a device. This was the norm in much earlier times, and standing to urinate was commonplace in certain cultures and situations. This practice is no longer the norm in Western society. Changes to women's clothing in the twentieth century made the use of urination aids practical for women who wanted to urinate while standing.
Disposable FUDs were patented as far back as 1922. The "Sanitary Protector" filed for in August 1918 by Edyth Lacy, specifies a "cheap device ...[to be] used but once, being especially suitable as a sanitary device in public toilet rooms." She notes that it is "accordingly unnecessary for the user to sit upon the closet seat; and the urine is led off without danger of soiling the clothes of the user or the closet". It was to be "made of a cheap readily destructible material, such as stiff paper, which can be readily disposed of after its use".
A similar device was patented in 1956: "an efficient urine conductor for use by females eliminating all need for contacting a toilet facility...usable while in a comfortable, erect standing position". Another half a dozen devices with the same basic purpose and form were patented by the end of the century.
The Urinelle, which originates from France, appeared in 1996 and was the first to have mainstream manufacturing.
Female urination devices are marketed towards several distinct groups. For sports and recreation they are sold for camping, travelling, festivals, long car journeys, and any kind of outdoor pursuit where the toilet facilities are absent or less than desirable.
Some devices such as SheWee have been marketed for medical applications. They are sometimes available on prescription. Occupationally, urinary devices are used in the armed forces and other outdoor jobs. Some brands are NATO approved and supplied to military personnel.
Female urination devices are sometimes used by trans men as stand-to-pee devices. More discreet solutions such as the Snee-Kee are specifically marketed for this purpose. Some stand to pee devices mimic the appearance of a penis and double as packers.
Although already in existence prior to the introduction of, and independent of, female urination devices, female urinals for FUD users have become popular in recent years. At some major public events, such as festivals, where providing adequate toilet facilities is difficult, these are now being provided. Pinkpop 2000 was the first event to do this, and the practice has now spread to events in the Netherlands, Belgium, Switzerland, Canada, Finland, Ireland, and the UK.
- Methods of passing as male
- Pseudo-penis of the spotted hyena, a penis-like organ through which female spotted hyenas urinate
- "http://web.archive.org/web/20030604104917/http://restrooms.org/standing.html". Archived from the original on 2003-06-04.
- Carol Olmert. Bathrooms Make me Nervous. 2008. p.121
- US Patent 1407872 Sanitary Protector (February 1922)
- US Patent 2878486 Sanitary device (January 1956)
- For example:
- US Patent 3964111 Urine conducting apparatus (June 1976)
- US Patent 3995329 Female urinary device (December 1976)
- US Patent 4756029 Feminine urinary device (July 1988)
- US Patent 5370637 Collapsible female urination aid (December 1994)
- US Patent 5408703 Female urination aid (April 1995)
- US Patent 5966748 Tinkle Safe (October 1999)
- US Patent 6434757 Female standing urination cone (October 2000)
- Urinelle - the urination funnel for women
- "Hudson's FTM Resource Guide". 2013-02-12.
- "Nieuwe kansen voor plastuit" (in Dutch). 2006-01-24.
- Female urinals: facts and fables
- The Straight Dope: What's the deal with urinals in women's restrooms?