The Coupe Femina was an award of 2000 francs established in 1910 by Pierre Lafitte the publisher of French women's magazine "Femina" to honour women pilots. It was a French challenge opened to Aviatrices only. It was awarded to the woman who, by sunset on 31 December each year, had made the longest flight, in time and distance, without landing. It is often difficult to determine who the official winner was, since each temporary leader (e.g. Marie Marvingt in 1910) was referred to in several contemporary records as having "won" the cup, only to be superseded by the next temporary record. Thus, in various documents, there are several "winners" recorded for each year, but the formal winners were announced in Femina Magazine. It was first formally awarded to Belgian pilot Hélène Dutrieu on 31 December 1910 for her record-breaking non-stop flight. She won it again for the second time in 1911.
NOTE: There was also a "Coupe Femina" for Women's Golf, in this same time period.