Fender Lead Series
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|Fender Lead I|
|Body||Ash or Alder|
|Fretboard||Rosewood or Maple|
|Bridge||Hardtail, strings through body|
|Pickup(s)||Variable, see models|
1979—1981: Black and Wine (transparent red).1981—1982: Black, Arctic White, Cherry Sunburst and Sienna Sunburst.
The Fender Lead Series was produced by the Fender/Rogers/Rhodes Division of CBS Musical Instruments. The series comprised Lead I, Lead II, Lead III and Lead Bass models.
- Manufactured Fall 1979 through 1982.
- Vintage style “Soft C” profile neck with a 7 1⁄4 in (184 mm) radius.
- Neck width at nut 1.60 in (40.64 mm), plus applied finish thickness on 1981 models.
- Truss rod adjustment at the heel of the neck.
- 2 vintage style string trees.
- 21 medium frets.
- "F" tuners (West German-manufactured), and "F" 4 bolt neck plate w/plastic pad.
- 3 Ply BWB through 1981 and WBW through 1982 pickguard with foil backing.
- White plastic nut.
- 25½" scale length.
- Bridge uses a string spacing of 0.404 in (10.26 mm).
- Hardtail through-body mounted strings.
- The saddle screws used lock nuts, not springs.
- Comes with a tolex or moulded plastic case.
The original concept for the Lead Guitar series, including the name lead came from Dennis Handa, then Marketing director for Fender Guitars. The idea was to have a guitar that was cheaper than the Stratocaster and be attractive to players because of the neck feel as well as the pickup options. The smaller headstock and the neck were both patterned after earlier Fender necks. Originally Steve Morse of the Dixie Dregs was the first endorser of the guitar and premiered it at a NAMM Show show in Atlanta Georgia. The Lead Guitars were manufactured between 1979 and 1982 by the Fender Musical Equipment Co. under the direction of Gregg Wilson and Freddie Tavares. Gregg Wilson was succeeded by John Page, who eventually headed the Fender Custom Shop. The Lead Series have elements of the Stratocaster and Telecaster in their design with a body that is slightly smaller and with a slightly different shape than the Stratocaster, a Stratocaster-like neck (and headstock), and hardtail bridge with Telecaster-like string ferrules on the back of the body.
The Lead Series headstock was smaller than that of the then Stratocaster models and similar though not identical to the 1954 Stratocaster design. The Stratocaster models at the time of the Lead Series release in late 1979 were still using the larger headstock design until the introduction of the Dan Smith Stratocaster in 1981. At some point during 1982 the lower bout of the headstock was shifted towards the body giving the headstock a more elongated look.
The Lead Series were manufactured at Fender's Fullerton, California plant and priced below the Stratocaster models of the time (approx. $495.00). They were eventually replaced in Fender's line up by the Fender Japan Squier JV model in 1982 as Fender expanded its operations by starting Fender Japan.
Notable guitar players who have utilized the Fender Lead series include:
- Bono of U2 (used during the War Tour in 1983; can be seen playing a black model in the Live at Red Rocks: Under a Blood Red Sky video)
- Eric Clapton
- Elliot Easton of The Cars ("Touch and Go" guitar solo from the Panorama album)
- Roger Miller of Mission of Burma
- Steve Morse of the Dixie Dregs and Deep Purple  ("Punk Sandwich" track from the album Night of the Living Dregs by the Dixie Dregs)
- Moon Martin's Street Fever recordsleeve shows a Lead I
- Zé Pedro of Xutos & Pontapés
- Steve Scarlet of The Sinisters Viletones Voodoo Bunny
- Aidan Taylor of Juice & Joeyfat
- Judy Hill of Girl
- Annie Clark of St Vincent
- Lead I, 1979–1982: A single specially designed bridge position split humbucker. Three-position coil selector switch (single coil, both coils, single coil), two-position humbucker series/parallel select switch which operates only when both coils are selected (middle position). Master volume and tone controls.
- Lead II, 1979–1982: Two specially designed X-1 single coil pickups, one at the neck, and the other at the bridge. The X-1 pickup was also used in the bridge position on the "STRAT" and the "Dan Smith Stratocaster" models. Three-position pickup selector switch (neck, neck and bridge, bridge), two-position phase shift switch (in phase, out of phase) which operates only when both pickups are selected (middle position). Master volume and tone controls. It was a Lead II once owned by Eric Clapton that started the now famous Hard Rock Café guitar collection.
- Lead III, 1982: Two specially designed humbuckers, one at the neck, the other at the bridge. Three-position pickup selector switch (neck, neck and bridge, bridge), three-position coil selector switch (neck single-coil, both coils neck or bridge, bridge single-coil) which determines if a single coil or both coils of each pickup will be selected. Master volume and tone controls.
- Lead Bass
Fender Lead I/III Humbucker Pickup Specifications
Fender Lead II Single Coil Pickup Specifications
The DC resistance of the Lead II X-1 single coil pickup is approximately 7.5 kΩ (9600 coil winds) vrs (7600 coil winds) on a Stratocaster. Lead II single coil pickups have flat ALNICO polepieces. Early Lead II single coil pickups have bobbins formed of green/grey fibreboard and later Lead II single coil pickups have plastic moulded bobbins that are the same as that used on current Stratocasters.
Fender Lead Series General Specifications
The Lead Series use 250 kΩ volume and tone potentiometers and use 0.05 µF tone capacitors. The body is usually made of 3 pieces of either alder or ash while the necks are maple with a walnut 'skunk stripe' on their backs and a matching plug on the face of the headstock covering the end of the truss rod.
Maple fingerboarded necks are made of one piece of maple (no separate fingerboard) while rosewood fingerboarded necks have a thick veneer of rosewood stuck over the pre-radiused face of the neck. Interestingly, while the lead neck is approximately .04 in narrower at the nut than typical Fender Telecasters and Stratocasters of that era, the neck width at the 21st fret is the same as the Stratocaster and Tele (measuring 2.182 inches).
The pickup body routing is the same for the Lead I and the Lead II models (humbucker bridge and single coil neck routing). The grounding system in all three of the series, didn't stop with the foiled backing on the pickguard. A ground strap was screwed to the body routing pocket between the bridge pickup and the pickup selector switch cavity. The body pockets were covered with a conductive coating. The bridge ground wire was connected here with a common connection to the pickguard ground.
Later year Fender Lead models have a more contoured body and there are two subtle variations in headstock shape, one of which (softer contour) used tooling dating back to the 1950s Stratocaster (as with the Dan Smith Stratocaster). Neck profile and headstock thickness varied slightly throughout the production run for all Fender Lead models of different years. Many instruments used a polyurethane finish which is brittle, chips easily, and develops spider cracks if exposed to extremes of heat or cold. The finish is also prone to clouding.
The Fender Lead Series used a modified version of the Fender United States serial number format. The first letter E designated the eighties, and the next two numbers (00, 01, or 02) indicated the year of manufacture. For example E01XXXX = 1981.
Fender Lead Series guitar serial numbers were installed on the headstock, inside body pocket, and back of the pick guard. An all original model MAY have the same serial number identifier on each of these major parts. More information can be found on the Fender Lead I, Fender Lead II, Fender Lead III manuals. These are available for download at Fender.com
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