Feng was born in Suzhou, Jiangsu Province, though his ancestral hometown is Shaoxing, Zhejiang Province. In 1942, after graduating from Suzhou High School, Feng entered National Central University (renamed Nanjing University after 1949), studying physics. He graduated in 1946 and stayed at the University, serving as a teaching assistant in physics department. Later, he became a lecturer, an associate professor, and eventually attained the title of professor. Feng was the president of graduate school of Nanjing University, and the director of state key laboratory of solid-state micro-structure physics. He used to serve as president of China Physics Society, first scientist of "Nano Material Science", a "climbing project" of National Commission of Science and Technology, and the chairman of Jiangsu Science and Technology Association. Feng was elected to member of Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) in 1980.
Feng was the chairman of alumni association of National Central University. His wife is Chen Lianfang, who graduated from department of foreign language of National Central University in 1945. She was a high school teacher in Nanjing.
Feng has two elder brothers. All of them were alumni of National Central University. The eldest, Feng Huan went to United States in 1947, and served in GE R&D center as a senior engineer. His 2nd elder brother, Feng Kang, was a prominent Chinese mathematician, and also a member of CAS.
- Feng Duan, chinavitae.com, accessed December 2010