Fenghuang County

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Fenghuang County
Zhen'gan (until 1913)
County
Chinese transcription(s)
 • Characters 凤凰县
 • Pinyin Fènghuáng Xiàn
1 fenghuang ancient town hunan china.jpg
Fenghuang County is located in China
Fenghuang County
Fenghuang County
Location in China
Coordinates: 27°56′36″N 109°35′21″E / 27.94333°N 109.58917°E / 27.94333; 109.58917Coordinates: 27°56′36″N 109°35′21″E / 27.94333°N 109.58917°E / 27.94333; 109.58917
Country China
Province Hunan
Prefecture Xiangxi
Area
 • Total 1,751 km2 (676 sq mi)
Population (2010[1])
 • Total 350,195
 • Density 200/km2 (520/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 416200
Area code(s) 0743
Website http://www.fhzf.gov.cn/
1 fenghuang ancient town hunan china 2.jpg

Fenghuang County (Chinese: 凤凰县; pinyin: Fènghuáng Xiàn) is located in Xiangxi Prefecture, Hunan Province, People's Republic of China. It has an exceptionally well-preserved ancient town that harbors unique ethnic languages, customs, arts as well as many distinctive architectural remains of Ming and Qing styles. The town is placed in a mountain setting, incorporating the natural flow of water into city layout. [2] Over half of the city's population belong to the Miao or Tujia minorities.[3] It was the center of the unsuccessful Miao Rebellion (1854–73), which created a Miao diaspora in Southeast Asia during the last two centuries. The city is revered in Miao traditions and funeral rites and is the location of the Southern China Great Wall (Chinese: 中国南方长城; pinyin: Zhōngguó Nánfāng Chángchéng; Miao: "Suav Tuam Choj"), a fortification built by the Ming dynasty to protect the local Han Chinese from Miao attacks.

History[edit]

After 1913, the name of the town changed from Zhen'gan to Fenghuang.[4]

World Heritage status[edit]

The door to the government office of 20s. The writing on top of the door read "Fenghuang County"

The ancient town of Fenghuang was added to the UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List on March 28, 2008 in the Cultural category.This ancient town was regarded as the most beautiful town in China by New Zealand writer Rewi Alley. It was built in Kangxi forty-three years (1704), and has 300 years of history. The ancient city is a gathering place for Miao and Tujia ethnic minority.

Notable People[edit]

  • Shen Congwen - modern author and researcher of Chinese material arts. His childhood home is a popular tourist attraction in Fenghuang town.
  • Huang Yongyu - painter

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.geohive.com/cntry/cn-43.aspx Census 2010
  2. ^ Fenghuang Ancient City - UNESCO World Heritage Centre
  3. ^ Wang (2007) p 135
  4. ^ Kinkley, Jeffrey C. (1987). The Odyssey of Shen Congwen. Stanford University Press. p. 19. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]