Location of Fongshan District
|Country||Republic of China (Taiwan)|
|• Total||26.76 km2 (10.33 sq mi)|
|Population (December 2014)|
|• Density||13,000/km2 (34,000/sq mi)|
Fongshan District (Chinese: 鳳山區; Hanyu Pinyin: Fèngshān Qū; Tongyong Pinyin: Fòngshan Cyu; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Hōng-soaⁿ-khu) is a district located in southern Kaohsiung, Taiwan. Fongshan is one of the administrative centers of Kaohsiung and is home to the Chinese Military Academy. There are three military units currently located in Fongshan. Both Chinese Military Academy and R.O.C. Army Infantry School were migrated from mainland China and re-established here in 1950. Chung Cheng Armed Forces Preparatory School was established in 1976. These three units used to be the main economic driving force, but their importance seems to diminish gradually as Fongshan has established itself as a conjunction between Pingtung City and Kaohsiung.
Although there are several industrial zones at the rim or outskirt of the city, the major life style in Fongshan seems to be very residential. Lots of apartments were built near the proximity of Kaohsiung City as a result of shifting economic weight. Like most of areas in Taiwan, it also has many night markets scattered around within the city. Most of the night markets run until 2:00 am. Some of them run business on different days of a week, but some others are all year round. Some of them are temporary, while others have become permanent establishments.
In the Qing Dynasty, Fongshan County (鳳山縣) included areas south of Tainan (then called "Taiwan-fu") and west of the mountains. In 1875, the southern part of Fongshan County was separated into Hengchun County (恆春縣).
In 1901, during Japanese rule, Hōzan Chō (鳳山廳) was one of twenty local administrative offices established. In 1909, this unit was merged into Tainan Chō (臺南廳). From 1920 to 1945 Hōzan Town (鳳山街) was administered under Hōzan District (鳳山郡), Takao Prefecture. After the colonial government started to develop Takao Harbor in the early 20th century, the importance of Fongshan was declining.
Fongshan was the capital of Kaohsiung County, established in 1945, and has been a city seat of Kaohsiung (City) since 2010; however, it has become a de facto satellite city of Kaohsiung.
Built up area
This township is part of Kaohsiung built up area which encompasses 10 cities (or townships) out of 18 in official Kaohsiung Metro Area.
Fongshan is in the tropical zone. Average temperature is 23 Celsius (°C). Average precipitation is 1,500 to 2,000 millimeters.
- Caogong Temple
- Cheng Huang Temple
- Chenglan Fort
- Dadong Arts Center
- Dongbian Gate
- Dongfu Bridge
- Fengshan Longshan Temple
- Fengshan Stadium
- Fongyi Tutorial Academy
- Former Japanese Navy Fongshan Communication Center
- Kaohsiung City Symphony Orchestra
- Pingcheng Fort
- Shuangcih Pavilion
- Syunfong Fort
- Weiwuying Metropolitan Park
- Zhonghua Street Night Market
Submarine communication cables
- National Highway No. 1 (Taiwan)
- Provincial Highway No. 1 (Taiwan)
- Provincial Highway No. 1 - Shu (Taiwan)
- Provincial Highway No. 25 (Taiwan)
- Provincial Highway No. 88 (Taiwan)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Fongshan District, Kaohsiung.|
- Fongshan District Office, Kaohsiung City
- Feng-Shan Elementary School
- Dadong Elementary School
- Fongshan Junior High School