|Country||Republic of China|
|• Total||41.1845 km2 (15.9014 sq mi)|
|Population (January 2014)|
|• Density||4,031/km2 (10,440/sq mi)|
Fengyuan District (Chinese: 豐原區; Hanyu Pinyin: Fēngyuán Qū; Tongyong Pinyin: Fongyuán Cyu) is a district located in north-central Taichung, Taiwan on the south bank of the Dajia River. Fengyuan district is the third most populated district among former Taichung County, ranking after Dali and Taiping district. Fengyuan is recognized as Huludun in early times, meaning "gourd" in Chinese, for a gourd-shape pile of mud was found in Fengyuan by the aborigines. The rice yielded from Fengyuan is famous for its high quality and the bakery industry prospered in later decades. Because of the extraordinary location of the intersection of Taiwan railway west trunk and Dongshi branch line, Fengyuan quickly expanded after World War II. It soon became one of the political, economical and communication centers of central Taiwan, playing an important role in the development of the central part of this island. Recently, Fengyuan faces the challenge of being marginalized after the amalgamation of Taichung County and Taichung City in December 2010.
Before the arrival of the Han Chinese, the area of Fengyuan city was inhabited by the Taiwanese aborigines. The Mandarin transliteration of the aboriginal word for the area is "tai ye lue duan", meaning thriving pine forest.
Han immigration to the area began during the reign of late the Kangxi Emperor of the Qing Dynasty. In 1886, the then governor of Taiwan gave the town its name, Fengyuan, meaning flourishing plain. Then there was a nickname little Suzhou.
In 1950, Fengyuan was made the capital of Taichung County, until 25 December 2010, when Taichung County and Taichung City merged to form a new Taichung municipality with Xitun District as the capital.
Tribute rice for Emperor of Japan (1895-1959)
Eastern hill part of Fengyuan.
Night market of Miao Dong