Fennoscandia and Fenno-Scandinavia are geographic and geological terms for the region comprising the Scandinavian Peninsula, Finland, Karelia and the Kola Peninsula.
Geologically, the term also alludes to the underlying Fennoscandian Shield of Norway, Sweden and Finland, which is the exposed portion of the Baltic Shield.
The White Sea – Baltic Canal is often considered the limit that separates Fennoscandia from the Russian landmass.
Unlike the term Scandinavia, Fennoscandia does include Finland, Karelia and the Kola Peninsula.
Unlike the term Nordic countries, it does not include Denmark, Iceland, Greenland or other geographically disconnected overseas areas.
In a cultural sense, Fennoscandia signifies the historically close contact between Sami, Finnic (Finnish), Swedish, Norwegian and Russian people and cultures.