Fenny Heemskerk

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Fenny Heemskerk in 1968.jpg
Fenny Heemskerk with daughter in 1951

Fenny Heemskerk (3 December 1919, Amsterdam[1] – 8 June 2007, Amersfoort) was a Dutch female chess master.

She won the female Dutch Chess Championship ten times (1937, 1939, 1946, 1948, 1950, 1952, 1954, 1956, 1958 and 1961). Heemskerk won a match against Catharina Roodzant 4.5 : 0.5 in 1937, and lost a match to Sonja Graf 0 : 4 in 1939 in Amsterdam.

She took eighth place in Women's World Chess Championship at Moscow 1950 (Lyudmila Rudenko won),[2] tied for second/third in Candidates Tournament at Moscow 1952 (Elisabeth Bykova won),[3] took ninth place in Candidates Tournament at Moscow 1955 (Olga Rubtsova won),[4] tied for 15–16th in Candidates Tournament at Vrnjacka Banja 1961 (Nona Gaprindashvili won).[5]

She played in the first Women's Chess Olympiad at Emmen 1957 – but had to withdraw after only two days upon learning her father had died.[6]

Heemskerk was awarded the Woman International Master (WIM) title in 1950, and the Woman Grandmaster (WGM) title in 1977.[1] She was a Knight in the Order of Orange-Nassau.

In January 1940 Heemskerk married FIDE Master Willem Koomen[7] and soon gave birth to a daughter. The marriage broke up in 1944.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Gaige, Jeremy (1987), Chess Personalia, A Biobibliography, McFarland, p. 167, ISBN 0-7864-2353-6 
  2. ^ "World Chess Championship (women) : 1949–50 Title Tournament". Mark-weeks.com. Retrieved 2011-12-20. 
  3. ^ "World Chess Championship (women) : 1952 Candidates Tournament". Mark-weeks.com. Retrieved 2011-12-20. 
  4. ^ "World Chess Championship (women) : 1955 Candidates Tournament". Mark-weeks.com. Retrieved 2011-12-20. 
  5. ^ "World Chess Championship (women) : 1961 Candidates Tournament". Mark-weeks.com. Retrieved 2011-12-20. 
  6. ^ "Je Maintiendrai - Chess.com". Blog.chess.com. Retrieved 2011-12-20. 
  7. ^ "Huwelijk Nederlands schaakkampioene". Tijdschrift van den Koninklijken Nederlandschen Schaakbond 47 (1): 30. January 1940. 
  8. ^ Hageman, Esther (27 June 2007) Fenny Heemskerk 1919–2007. trouw.nl

External links[edit]