Fenwick Island, Delaware

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This article is about the town in Delaware. For the barrier spit, see Fenwick Island (Delaware–Maryland).
Fenwick Island, Delaware
Town
Location in Sussex  County and the state of Delaware.
Location in Sussex County and the state of Delaware.
Coordinates: 38°27′34″N 75°3′13″W / 38.45944°N 75.05361°W / 38.45944; -75.05361Coordinates: 38°27′34″N 75°3′13″W / 38.45944°N 75.05361°W / 38.45944; -75.05361
Country United States
State Delaware
County Sussex
Area
 • Total 0.5 sq mi (1.3 km2)
 • Land 0.3 sq mi (0.9 km2)
 • Water 0.1 sq mi (0.4 km2)
Elevation 10 ft (3 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 379
 • Density 1,263.3/sq mi (421.1/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 19944, 19975
Area code(s) 302
FIPS code 10-26880
GNIS feature ID 0213954
Looking south at Fenwick Island beach
Fenwick sailboats on southwest side of island

Fenwick Island is a coastal town in Sussex County, Delaware, USA. According to 2010 census figures, the population of the town is 379, a 10.8% increase over the last decade.[1] It is part of the Salisbury, Maryland-Delaware Metropolitan Statistical Area. The town is located on Fenwick Island, a barrier spit.

Fenwick Island and its neighbors to the north, Bethany Beach and South Bethany are popularly known as "The Quiet Resorts". This is in contradistinction to the wild atmosphere of Dewey Beach and the cosmopolitan bustle of Rehoboth Beach. Fenwick Island, however, is somewhat less "quiet" than "the Bethanies" because it is immediately across the state line from Ocean City, Maryland, which has a reputation as a lively vacation resort.

Named after Thomas Fenwick, a planter from England who settled in Maryland, Fenwick Island lay in the part of Delaware which was claimed by Lord Baltimore and his heirs during the Penn-Baltimore border dispute.

Contrary to popular belief, the town does not sit on a barrier island but on a narrow peninsula which resembles a barrier island (unless one considers a narrow man-made boat canal well inland that connects White Creek to Little Assawoman Bay). The narrow strip of land separates the Atlantic Ocean from Little Assawoman Bay. Ocean City, Maryland occupies the southern tip of this peninsula.

Local legend has it that Cedar Island in Little Assawoman Bay was a spot for pirates to bury treasure. Regardless of the truth of the legend, the Delaware coastal area was well known as a place for pirates to hide from the law.

The town was an unincorporated area between South Bethany and Ocean City, Maryland until July 1953, when the Delaware General Assembly passed an act to incorporate the town. Local sentiment demanded incorporation to prevent the relentless high-rise development of Ocean City from creeping north into Fenwick Island.

Geography[edit]

Fenwick Island is located at 38°27′34″N 75°3′13″W / 38.45944°N 75.05361°W / 38.45944; -75.05361 (38.459314, -75.053563).[2]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.5 square miles (1.3 km2), of which, 0.3 square miles (0.78 km2) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) of it (28.57%) is water.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1960 48
1970 56 16.7%
1980 114 103.6%
1990 186 63.2%
2000 342 83.9%
2010 379 10.8%

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 342 people, 178 households, and 126 families residing in the town. The population density was 994.5 people per square mile (388.4/km²). There were 666 housing units at an average density of 1,936.7 per square mile (756.3/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 99.42% White, and 0.58% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.63% of the population.

There were 178 households out of which 5.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.4% were married couples living together, 2.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.7% were non-families. 26.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.92 and the average family size was 2.25.

In the town the population was spread out with 6.1% under the age of 18, 2.6% from 18 to 24, 11.1% from 25 to 44, 40.6% from 45 to 64, and 39.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 61 years. For every 100 females there were 89.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.6 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $58,333, and the median income for a family was $68,750. Males had a median income of $46,607 versus $48,750 for females. The per capita income for the town was $44,415. About 3.3% of families and 8.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including none of those under age 18 and 7.1% of those age 65 or over.

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