Ferdinand IV of Castile
||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Spanish Wikipedia. (June 2011)|
|This article relies largely or entirely upon a single source. (February 2012)|
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|Statue of Fernando IV in Madrid's Parque del Buen Retiro.|
|Reign||25 April 1295 – 7 September 1312|
|Consort||Constance of Portugal|
|Eleanor, Queen of Aragon
|House||House of Burgundy|
|Father||Sancho IV of Castile|
|Mother||María de Molina|
6 December 1285|
|Died||7 September 1312
|Burial||Real Colegiata de San Hipólito|
Ferdinand IV, El Emplazado or "the Summoned," (6 December 1285 – 7 September 1312) was a king of Castile (1295–1312) and León and Galicia (1301–1312). He was a son of Sancho El Bravo and his wife Maria de Molina.
His strange title is given to him in the chronicles because of a story in which he tyrannically puts to death two brothers named Carvajal, and was given a time (plazo) by them in which to answer for his crime in the next world. But the tale is not contemporary, and is an obvious copy of the story told of Jacques de Molay, grand-master of the Temple, and Philip IV of France.
His reign came at a time of anarchy. From 1296 to 1301 the Kingdom of León was independent under Juan I of León, being crowned as King of León, Galicia and Seville. He owed his escape from the violence of competitors and nobles, partly to the tact and undaunted bravery of his mother Maria de Molina, and partly to the loyalty of the citizens of Ávila, who gave him refuge within their walls. As a king he proved ungrateful to his mother, and weak as a ruler.
- Eleanor (1307–1359), married King Alfonso IV of Aragon
- Constance (1308–1310)
- Alfonso XI of Castile (1311–1350)
In 1309 he captured Gibraltar from the Moors (who had held it since 711) with the help of Alonso Pérez de Guzmán of Aragón. He died suddenly in his tent at Jaén when preparing for a raid into the Emirate of Granada on 7 September 1312.
|Ancestors of Ferdinand IV of Castile|
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- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press
Ferdinand IV of CastileBorn: 6 December 1285 Died: 7 September 1312
|King of Castile and León