Ferdinand IV, Grand Duke of Tuscany
|This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the German Wikipedia. (November 2012)|
|Grand Duke Ferdinand IV, in later life.|
|Reign||21 July 1859 – 22 March 1860|
|Consort||Princess Anna of Saxony
Princess Alice of Parma
|Archduke Leopold Ferdinand
Louise, Crown Princess of Saxony
Archduke Josef Ferdinand
Archduke Peter Ferdinand
|(Italian: Ferdinando Salvatore Maria Giuseppe Giovanni Battista Francesco Lodovico Gonzaga Raffaele Ranerio Gennaro)
(German: Ferdinand Salvator Maria Joseph Johann Baptist Franz Ludwig Gonzaga Raphael Rainerius Gennarius)
|House||House of Habsburg-Lorraine|
|Father||Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany|
|Mother||Princess Maria Antonia of the Two Sicilies|
|Born||10 June 1835
Florence, Grand Duchy of Tuscany
|Died||January 17, 1908
Ferdinand IV, Grand Duke of Tuscany (Italian: Ferdinando IV, Granduca di Toscana; 10 June 1835 – 17 January 1908) was the last Grand Duke of Tuscany from 1859 to 1860. The House of Habsburg-Lorraine continued to hold the title as pretenders until the end of World War I.
He and his family were forced to flee Florence on April 27, 1859, with the outbreak of a revolution inspired by the outbreak of a war by France and Sardinia-Piedmont against Austria as part of the unification of Italy. The family took refuge in Austria. After the end of the war, Leopold II abdicated on July 21, and Ferdinand succeeded him as Grand Duke. Ferdinand proved unable to return to Florence to claim his throne, and an elected Tuscan National Assembly formally deposed him only a month later, on August 16. Ferdinand still hoped to recover his throne, as both France and Austria had promised to recognize his rights to it in the Armistice of Villafranca. However, neither power was willing to take any steps to bring about his restoration. The Kingdom of Sardinia annexed Tuscany on March 22, 1860, ending Ferdinand's hopes to reclaim the throne.
Ferdinand spent the rest of his life in exile in Austria. He died there, in Salzburg, in 1908.
Family and children
He married twice and had the following children:
- Archduchess Maria Antonietta Leopoldina Annunziata Anna Amalia Giuseppa Giovanna Immacolata Tecla (Maria Antoinette Leopoldina Annunziata Anna Amalia Josepha Johanna Immaculata Thekla) (Florence, 10 January 1858 - Cannes, 13 April 1883). She became abbess of the Theresia Convent in the Hradschin in Prague.
- Stillborn daughter (born and died 1859)
- Archduke Leopold Ferdinand, Prince of Tuscany (1868–1935). He renounced his titles on 29 December 1902 and took the name Leopold Wölfling. He married thrice.
- Archduchess Luise, Princess of Tuscany (1870–1947)
- Archduke Josef Ferdinand, Prince of Tuscany (1872–1942). He married first Rosa Kaltenbrunner and, after divorcing her, he married second Gertrud Tomanek, by whom he had issue. Both marriages were morganatic.
- Archduke Peter Ferdinand, Prince of Tuscany (1874–1948). Married Princess Maria Cristina of Bourbon-Two Sicilies and had issue.
- Archduke Heinrich Ferdinand Salvator, Prince of Tuscany (1878–1969). Major General in the Austrian Army. Married morganatically to Maria Karoline Ludescher and had issue.
- Archduchess Anna Maria Theresia, Princess of Tuscany (1879–1961). Married Johannes, Prince of Hohenlohe-Bartenstein.
- Archduchess Margareta, Princess of Tuscany (1881–1965)
- Archduchess Germana, Princess of Tuscany (1884–1955)
- Archduke Robert Ferdinand Salvator, Prince of Tuscany (1885–1895)
- Archduchess Agnes Maria, Princess of Tuscany (1891–1945)
- Genealogy of Ferdinand IV
- Grand Ducal House of Tuscany
- Ferdinand IV, Grand Duke of Tuscany, ThePeerage.com
Ferdinand IV, Grand Duke of Tuscany
Cadet branch of the House of LorraineBorn: 10 June 1835 Died: 17 January 1908
|Grand Duke of Tuscany
|The Tuscan National Assembly formally deposes the House of Habsurg-Lorraine|
|Titles in pretence|
|Loss of title
|— TITULAR —
Grand Duke of Tuscany
Archduke Josef Ferdinand, Prince of Tuscany