Ferdinand James von Rothschild
|Ferdinand James von Rothschild|
Ferdinand de Rothschild
17 December 1839|
|Died||17 December 1898(aged 59)|
|Known for||Waddesdon Bequest|
|Spouse(s)||Evelina de Rothschild|
Ferdinand James Anselm Freiherr von Rothschild (17 December 1839 – 17 December 1898) was an English art collector, and a member of the prominent Rothschild family of bankers. He was a Liberal politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1885 to 1898.
Life and career
Although Ferdinand von Rothschild was born in Paris, France, he was from Vienna and a part of the Rothschild banking family of Austria. He was the second son of Baron Anselm von Rothschild (1803–1874) and Charlotte von Rothschild née Rothschild (1807–1859). He held the hereditary title Freiherr (Baron) in the Austrian nobility. He became a British subject and moved from Vienna to London. In Britain he used the style Ferdinand de Rothschild.
On 7 June 1865, he married his second cousin Evelina de Rothschild (1839–1866), the daughter of Lionel de Rothschild (1808–1879). On 4 December 1866 their son was stillborn, and Evelina died later the same day. In her memory, Ferdinand built, equipped and endowed the Evelina Hospital for Sick Children in Southwark, south London.
In 1874, he bought an estate near the village of Waddesdon in Buckinghamshire and between 1874 and 1889 built Waddesdon Manor, designed by Gabriel-Hippolyte Destailleur in an eclectic style based on the 16th-century French Chateau de Chambord.
His collection of Renaissance objets d'art from the house was bequeathed to the British Museum as the "Waddesdon Bequest"; the Holy Thorn Reliquary was a highlight of the collection, though its distinguished provenance was still unknown. He willed the Manor to Alice Charlotte von Rothschild, his unmarried younger sister, who had lived with him there, and thence to their nephew, James Armand de Rothschild, who in turn bequeathed it to the National Trust.
- Seccombe, Thomas (1901). "Rothschild, Ferdinand James de". In Sidney Lee. Dictionary of National Biography, 1901 supplement. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
- Davis, R. W. "Ferdinand James von Rothschild". =Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 28 April 2006.
- Mrs James de Rothschild - Rothschilds at Waddesdon Manor (Collins, 1979) ISBN 0-00-216671-2
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ferdinand James von Rothschild.|
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Ferdinand von Rothschild
- Waddesdon Manor
- The Waddesdon Bequest at the British Museum
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
Nathan Mayer Rothschild
George W. E. Russell
|Member of Parliament for Aylesbury
(representation reduced to one member 1885)
Lionel Walter Rothschild