Ferdinand Küchler

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Ferdinand Küchler (14 July 1867 in Giessen – 24 October 1937 in Leipzig) was a German violinist and violist, renowned violin pedagogue, and composer of instructive violin music.[1]

Life and work[edit]

Küchler studied violin with Johann Naret-Koning and Hugo Heermann, and music theory with Arthur Egidi and Iwan Knorr from 1883 to 1888 at the Hoch Conservatory in Frankfurt am Main. In 1889 he took his first job as principal violist of the Symphony Orchestra in Basel, also playing viola in a string quartet, and later began teaching violin at the local music school. In 1898 he was appointed a violin teacher at the Hoch Conservatory in Frankfurt, and was also violist of the Heermann Quartet led by his former teacher. Küchler returned to Basel in 1910. The following year became director of a private music school and worked as a choral conductor. From 1927 to 1936 he taught violin at the State Conservatory of Leipzig (Landeskonservatorium der Musik).[2]

Küchler wrote textbooks on violin technique and composed instructive pieces for the violin including several student concertos. His two-volume Course of Violin Instruction (published by Hug-Verlag, Zürich) was a cornerstone of the violin instructional literature until the mid-1960s.

Works[edit]

Sortable list of compositions, pedagogical works and literature categorized by genre, opus number, date of composition, titles and scoring.

Genre Opus Date German title (Original title) English title Scoring Notes
Piano Sechs Walzer und Zwey Eccossaisen Waltzes6 Waltzes and 2 Eccossaises for piano
Piano Sechs neue Ansbacher Walzer und 2 Dreher New Ansbacher Waltzes6 New Ansbacher Waltzes and 2 Spinning Songs for piano
Pedagogical Tagliche StudienTägliche Studien für die linke Hand des Geigers Daily Studies for the Violinist's Left Hand for violin published 1900s
01
Pedagogical 02 1910–1911 Praktische Violinschule: mit Verwendung von Übungsstücken älterer berühmter Pädagogen
  1. Erste Lage bis zur Einführung in das Doppelgriffspiel, die wichtigsten Bogenstricharten und ihre Ausführung nach modernen Anschauungen
  2. Der Fingersatz auf der Violine: mit vielen Beispielen aus der klassischen und modernen Violinliteratur
  3. Ein Beitrag zur Reform des Violinunterrichts auf Grundlage von F. A. Steinhausen's Werk "Die Physiologie der Bogenführung auf den Streichinstrumenten"
Course of Violin InstructionA Course of Violin Instruction: with Application of Exercises of Well-known Masters
(Méthode de violon: avec application d'études des maîtres classiques)
  1. The First Position to the Introduction of Double-Stop Playing, the Main Bow Stroke Types and Their Transfer to Modern Ideas
  2. Violin Fingering: with Many Examples from Classical and Modern Violin Literature
  3. A Contribution to the Reform of Violin Teaching Based on Friedrich Adolf Steinhausen's Book "The Physiology of Bowing for Stringed Instruments" (1902)
for violin in 2 volumes, 8 books
published 1914
Pedagogical Chorgesangschule Course of Choral SingingA Course of Choral Singing for chorus published 1915
Chamber music 03 Der Aufstieg vom Volkslied zu den klassischen Meistern: Eine dem Lehrgange der praktischen Violinschule von Ferdinand Küchler sich einfügende und stufenweise fortschreitende Sammlung von Liedern und klassischen Vortragsstücken
Heft I: 20 leichte Weisen
Heft II: Nr. 21-40
Progression from Folk SongThe Progression from Folk Song to the Classical Masters: A Gradual Progressive Collection of Songs and Classical Pieces in Ferdinand Küchler's Course of Violin Instruction for violin and piano in 4 books
published 1928
Pedagogical 04 Die ersten Doppelgriffe des Violinisten in allen Dur- und Molltonarten Elementary Method of Double-Stopping in All Major and Minor Keys
(Cours élémentaire des doubles cordes)
for violin published 1928
05
Pedagogical 06 Etuden fur die Anfangs100 Etüden für die Anfangs- und Mittelstufe des Violinspiels Etudes for the Violin100 Etudes for the Violin (Elementary and Intermediate Grades)
(100 Études pour le violon (Degrés élémentaire et moyen))
for violin published 1929
Pedagogical 07 Tonleitern, Lagenwechsel, Dreiklänge Scales, Shifting, Arpeggios
(Gammes, changements de position, arpèges)
for violin published 1933
08
Pedagogical 09 Geworfener Strich und Springbogen Spiccato and Springing Bow
(Jeté et sautillé)
for violin published 1934
Chamber music 10 Die erste Freude am Zusammenspiel (Erstes Zusammenspiel): 40 ganz leichte Stücke in der ersten Lage The First Joys of Ensemble Playing: 40 Very Easy Pieces in the First Position for violin (or violin ensemble) and piano published 1932
Chamber music Blumenlese für angehende Violinisten, 24 Stücke nach Volksweisen und nach Beethoven, Weber, Dittersdorf, Reissinger, Donizetti Anthology for Aspiring Violinists, 24 Pieces after Folk Songs and after Beethoven, Weber, Dittersdorf, Reissinger and Donizetti for violin and piano published 1929
Pedagogical Lehrbuch der Bogenführung auf der Violine Textbook of Violin Bowing for violin published 1929
Pedagogical Lehrbuch der Technik des linken Armes The Technique of the Left Arm: a Tutor
(Traité de la technique violonistique du bras gauche)
for violin published 1931
Chamber music 11 Concertino G-Dur (1. Lage) Concertino in G major (1st Position) for violin and piano published 1934
Literature Goethes Musikverständnis Goethe's Understanding of Music published 1935
Concertante 12 Concertino D-Dur (1. und 3. Lage) Concertino in D major (1st and 3rd Position) for violin and orchestra (or piano) published 1936
Pedagogical 13 Intonations- und Triller-Studien: eine Ergänzung zu jeder Violinschule Exercises for Intonation and Trills: a Supplement to Every School of Violin-Playing
(Exercices d'intonation et de trilles: Complément à toute méthode de violon)
for violin published 1936
Chamber music 14 Concertino D-dur (I. Lage) Concertino in D major (1st Position) for violin and piano published 1937
Concertante 15 Concertino im Stil von Antonio Vivaldi D-Dur, Schülerkonzert (1. und 3. Lage) Concertino in the Style of Antonio Vivaldi in D major, Student Concerto (1st and 3rd Position) for violin and orchestra (or piano) published 1937

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Küchler biography at www.online-musiclibrary.com
  2. ^ Frick, Friedrich (2009). Kleines biographisches Lexikon der Violinisten: vom Anfang des Violinspiels bis zum Beginn des 20. Jahrhunderts (in German). Norderstedt: Books on Demand. pp. 269–270. ISBN 978-3-8370-3907-8. 

External links[edit]