Ferdinand von Sammern-Frankenegg, 1938
SS- Brigadeführer Ferdinand von Sammern-Frankenegg (March 17, 1897 – September 20, 1944) was the Nazi German commander and the SS and Police Leader of the Warsaw area in German occupied Poland from 1941 until 1943 during World War II. He was in charge of the , the single most deadly operation against the Jews in the course of Großaktion Warschau the Holocaust in occupied Poland, which entailed sending about 254,000 – 265,000 men, women and children, aboard overcrowded Holocaust trains to the extermination camp in Treblinka. The liquidation of the [1 ] Warsaw Ghetto between July 23 and September 21, 1942 was disguised as a "resettlement action" in order to trick the victims into cooperating. It was a major part of the murderous campaign codenamed Operation Reinhard in the Final Solution. Von Sammern-Frankenegg remained in Warsaw until his first [2 ] offensive operation in the suppression of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising on April 19, 1943, but he was unsuccessful. [3 ]
After the failed offensive, von Sammern-Frankenegg was replaced by
Jürgen Stroop, and [4 ] court-martialed by Heinrich Himmler on April 24, 1943 for his alleged ineptitude; which, for the SS, meant only one thing: guilty of "defending Jews". He was subsequently transferred to [5 ] Croatia where in September 1944 he was killed in a Yugoslav partisan ambush near the town of Klašnić.
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