Ferdinando Marinelli Artistic Foundry

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Coordinates: 43°29′03.6″N 11°08′06.0″E / 43.484333°N 11.135000°E / 43.484333; 11.135000

Ferdinando Marinelli Artistic Foundry
Industry metalworking
Founded Florence, Tuscany, Italy, 1905
Key people

Ferdinando Marinelli, founder;

Ferdinando Marinelli Jr., owner
Products Statues and Monuments in Bronze
Website http://www.fonderiamarinelli.it

The Ferdinando Marinelli Artistic Foundry (Fonderia Artistica Ferdinando Marinelli also known as FAFM) is one of the last remaining Florentine foundries, producing works in bronze utilizing the Renaissance technique of lost-wax. A large number of bronze sculptures produced in Florence over the last century come from this artistic foundry.[1] One of the most famous and popular works in Florence, the 'La Fontana del Porcellino', was cast by the Marinelli Foundry in 1988 and replaced the antique in 1998.

As early as 1929, Marinelli Foundry was present internationally. It produced the monumental sculpture ‘La Carretta dei Pioneri’ (‘The Pioneer’s Cart’) carved by the Uruguayan artist José Belloni. It may still be seen today in Montevideo. In 1932, the panels of the immense staircase at the entrance of the Vatican Museums by Antonio Maraini were cast. A more recent achievement is the ‘Warrior on horseback’ in Skopje, the capital of Macedonia, inaugurated in 2011 and the work of the sculptor Valentina Stevanovska.

History[edit]

The monument to the ‘Warrior on Horseback’, Skopje

The history of the Fonderia Artistica Ferdinando Marinelli begins in 1905 with the opening of a small shop on Florence’s Via de’ Giudei (today’s Via Ramaglianti) by Ferdinando Marinelli. Born in Piegaro, in the Province of Perugia in 1887, he arrived as a teenager in Florence where he was apprenticed first to Cusmano Vignali’s foundry and subsequently to Gabellini’s, learning the techniques of both stirrup manufacturing as well as lost-wax casting. In 1915, he was employed by the Fonderia of Alessandro Biagiotti[2] (Biagiotti’s nickname was ‘Brucino’). After World War I, Ferdinando took over the Gabellini foundry on Via del Romito (today’s Via Filippo Corridoni). During this period, the Marinelli Foundry produced several monuments which commemorate the fallen of The Great War; those on Piazza Dalmatia in Florence and Poggio a Caiano, (both by Mario Moschi) as well as those at Barberino Val d’Elsa and Cerbaia, (works by Odo Franceschi). In 1925, the Foundry executed the monument to the painter Giovanni Fattori donated to the city of Livorno by Valmore Gemignani. Two years later, the Chamber of Commerce, Florence surveyed the artisan workshops in the Province and reported that: «The reputation of the Marinelli Foundry […] rests on the perfection of its casting, employing an acid based varnish permitting the metal to be displayed without losing any of its glare, maintaining warm tonalities, those of natural bronze thereby creating works of art».[3]

In 1927, Fonderia Artistica Ferdinando Marinelli cast a sculptural group measuring in total 22 meters made by the Uruguayan José Belloni for Montevideo, ‘La Carretta dei Pionieri’ (‘The Pioneer’s Cart’) commissioned by the Consul Gilberto Fraschetti. Marinelli Foundry received important commissions thanks to the esteem with which Ferdinando was held by the sculptor Antonio Maraini. Maraini choose him as his caster when he received the commission from Pope Pius XI to execute the panels that decorate the newly built large staircase at the entrance to the Vatican Museums.

The Foundry’s expansion continued and shortly prior to the outbreak of World War II, industrial castings and metal refining were added to its traditional artistic activities and indeed remained an important part of its output until the end of the conflict. In 1945, Ferdinando Marinelli leaves the Foundry to his sons Aldo and Marino who carry on the artistic traditions. Upon Marino’s death, the company passes on to his son Ferdinando Jr. who maintains the ancient tradition of lost-wax casting. Marinelli Foundry remains to this day one of the last artistic workshops practicing this technique and a benchmark for Italian artisan excellence.

In addition to important commissions received from foreign governments and private collectors, the Foundry produced on behalf of the City of Florence, a bronze replica of the ‘Porcellino’ by Pietro Tacca in the Loggia del Mercato Nuovo. The antique work was moved to the Museo Bardini in 2004. In addition, again for Florence, it executed replicas of Giambologna's 'Bacchus' in Borgo San Jacopo (antique is, from 2006, in the Bargello Museum), and the ‘St. Matthew’ by Lorenzo Ghiberti for an external niche of the Church of Orsanmichele (antique in museum nearby).

Headquarters[edit]

The former headquarters of the Foundry in Florence, Via del Romito (today’s Via Corridoni), area of Rifredi in the early years of the 20th century

The Ferdinando Marinelli Artistic Foundry remained in its historical headquarters in Via Corridoni until 2001 when new environmental regulations prohibiting the casting of bronze within Florence forced the company to build new headquarters in the town of Barberino Val d’Elsa. The new workshops were equipped with up to date furnaces and kilns however leaving all of the traditional production phases unaltered.

The collaboration with the Vatican City[edit]

The staircase at the entrance to the Vatican Museums by Antonio Maraini, 1932
Plaque at the base of the staircase of the Vatican Museums

As already mentioned, the esteem of Antonio Maraini permitted the Marinelli Foundry to establish a working relationship with the Vatican State. After casting the friezes of the monumental staircase entrance to the Vatican Museums, the Foundry produced the tomb and the death mask (the latter in silver) of Pope Pius XI commissioned to the artist Antonio Berti, and the ‘Porta Santa’ (Holy Door) of St. Peter’s Basilica carved by Maestro Vico Consorti. Such collaborations subsequently permitted Marinelli to receive additional commissions from churches in Rome. These include the central doors of the Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore, after the drawings of Ludovico Pogliaghi, and in 1951, the doors of Sant’Eugenio designed by the engineer Enrico Galeazzi. The collaboration has continued recently; it has produced the bronze handrail of the new large flight of stairs at the Vatican Museums inaugurated in 2000 by Pope John Paul II.

The Diploma of Honor ('Diploma d'Onore') and the horse 'Sacrifice'[edit]

Diploma awarded to Marinelli Fonderia for the casting of the horse, ‘Sacrifice’

The ‘Diploma d’Onore’ was awarded to the Marinelli Foundry by the Italian Ministry of Trade and Industry in recognition for the casting of ‘Sacrifice’ one of the four allegorical horses that decorate the Arlington Memorial Bridge of Washington, D.C. The monument is the work of the American sculptor, Leo Friedlander. This project, conceived in the late twenties and delayed due to the Great Depression, was resumed in 1938 and only completed at the end of World War II. The monument was a gift of Ambassador Alberto Tarchiani on behalf of Italy. Its inauguration took place on December 26, 1951.

The most important castings[edit]

A selection of the most important works and monuments executed by the Ferdinando Marinelli Artistic Foundry

Year Artist Title Location Country Photo
1925 Valmore Gemignani Giovanni Fattori Livorno  Italy Monumento a giovanni fattori.jpg
1927 Mario Moschi Monument to the Fallen
Monumento ai caduti
Piazza Dalmazia, Florence  Italy
1929 José Belloni The Pioneer’s Cart
La Carretta dei Pionieri
Parque Batlle, Montevideo  Uruguay La carreta Belloni.jpg
1930 Guglielmo Colasanti Madonna degli Angeli Basilica of Santa Maria degli Angeli, Assisi  Italy Santa Maria degli Angeli Asyz fasada.JPG
1930 José Belloni William Tell
Gugliemo Tell
Parque Rodó, Montevideo  Uruguay Guillermo Tell.jpg
1932 Antonio Maraini Staircase, Vatican Museums Vatican City   Vatican City 12105 - Vatican Museum- (3481638711).jpg
1939 Tomb of Pope Pius XI Vatican City   Vatican City
1944 Vico Consorti Door of Thanksgiving
Porta della Riconoscenza
Siena Cathedral  Italy
1949 Leo Friedlander Sacrifice Arlington Memorial Bridge, Washington, DC  United States Sacrifice - Arlington Memorial Bridge - Leo Friedlander 1951 - Washington DC - 2013-04-09.jpg
1950 VIco Consorti Porta Santa
Holy Door
St. Peter’s Basilica, Vatican City   Vatican City Porta Santa.jpg
1953 Giovanni Cappelletti Christopher Columbus Newport, Rhode Island  United States
1960 Valteroni Door, Cathedral of Oropa
Porta della Cattedrale di Oropa
Sacro Monte di Oropa  Italy
1969 Mario Moschi Sacred Heart Door
Porta del Sacro Cuore
Basilica del Sacro Cuore, Sassari  Italy
1972 Bruno Burracchini Catherine of Siena Fortezza spagnola, Siena  Italy Katharina-af-Siena.jpg
1984 Sergio Benvenuti Fountain of the Two Oceans
Fontana dei due oceani
San Diego, California  United States Fontana dei due oceani-1984.jpg
1989 Robert Dean Monument to Dwight Eisenhower
Monumento a Eisenhower
Grosvenor Square, London  United Kingdom
1998 Replica of Pietro Tacca Porcellino
Fontana del Porcellino
Loggia del Mercato Nuovo, Florence  Italy PorcellinoFlorence.jpg
1998 Restoration of Kremlin Halls Moscow Kremlin Russia Russia
1999 Handrail, Vatican Museums
Corrimano della Nuova Rampa dei Musei Vaticani
Vatican City   Vatican City PapaWoitila inaugurazione nuove scale vaticane2000.jpg
2001 Sergio Benvenuti Broncos' Fountain Sports Authority Field at Mile High, Denver  United States Inaugurazione della Fontana allo stadio dei Broncos.jpg
2006 Replica of Giambologna Bacchus
Bacco
Borgo San Jacopo, Florence  Italy Fontana del bacchino (giambologna).JPG
2007 Replica of Ghiberti St. Matthew
San Matteo
Orsanmichele Church, Florence  Italy Orsanmichele, san matteo di Ghiberti 03.JPG
2008 Replica The Etruscan Minerva
Minerva Etrusca
National Archaeological Museum (Florence)  Italy
2008 Valentina Stevanovska Warrior on Horseback Macedonia Square, Skopje Republic of Macedonia Republic of Macedonia Alexander-Statue-Skopje.jpg
2008 Replica of Donatello David (with gold plating) Bargello, Florence  Italy Bargello David-originale-con-alle-spalle-la-replica-Marinelli-dorata.jpg
2010 Replica Chimera of Arezzo National Archaeological Museum (Florence)  Italy
2013 Arto Tchakmakchian Espoir Laval, Quebec, Montreal  Canada

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Maria Maugeri, La Fonderia Artistica di Ferdinando Marinelli a Rifredi, EDIFIR Firenze 2006
  2. ^ Maria Maugeri, La Fonderia Artistica di Ferdinando Marinelli a Rifredi, EDIFIR Firenze 2006, pag. 27
  3. ^ M. Salvini, Le industrie artistiche nella provincia di Firenze, Firenze, 1927, p.109

Bibliography[edit]

  • Maugeri, Maria (2006). La Fonderia Artistica Ferdinando Marinelli a Rifredi. Firenze: EDIFIR. 
  • Maugeri, Maria (2005). Pietro e Niccolò Bazzanti 'Negozianti di Belle Arti'. Firenze: EDIFIR. 

Webgraphy[edit]

  • General Information

The Marinelli Foundry of Florence by John Spike http://begeeart.com/the-marinelli-foundry-of-florence/ Last visit 01/07/2014
http://www.loveforitaly.it/simboli/siamo-andati-a-trovare-ferdinando-marinelli visited on 01/07/2014

  • Associations e Foundations

http://www.unioneimpresestoriche.com/associati_dett.asp?lingua=_ita&idlink=3&idass=41 Unione Imprese Storiche Italiane, visited on 01/07/2014
http://www.fondazioneartigianato.it/fonderia-artistica-marinelli.html Fondazione Firenze Artigianato Artistico, visited on 01/07/2014

  • The Statue 'Warriors on Horseback'

http://www.unioneimpresestoriche.com/news_dett.asp?lingua=_ita&idnews=174&idlink=6 "A Skopje c'è un Alessandro Magno della Fonderia Artistica Marinelli", visited on 01/07/2014 http://it.peacereporter.net/articolo/29062/Macedonia,+posata+la+statua+di+Alessandro+Magno.+Polemiche+ad+Atene Visited on 12/30/2013
http://www.eastjournal.net/macedonia-cosa-resta-di-alessandro-il-grande-la-statua-che-fa-arrabbiare-atene/8370 Visited on 01/07/2014
http://www.ilgiornaledelfriuli.net/cron/skopje-svetta-la-statua-di-alessandro-magno-a-cavalloil-monumento-e-stato-realizzato-dalla-fonderia-artistica-ferdinando-marinelli-di-firenze-per-53-milioni-di-euro Visited on 01/07/2014
http://cavallomagazine.quotidiano.net/cavallomagazine/2011/06/21/528950-alessandro_bucefalo.shtml Visited on 01/07/2014
http://www.tuttosport.com/attualita/esteri/2011/06/21-131347/Macedonia%3A+mega-statua+Alessandro+Magno Visited on 01/07/2014
http://www.blitzquotidiano.it/cronaca-italia/macedonia-la-statua-di-alessandro-magno-in-piazza-skopje-896075/ Visited on 01/07/2014
http://www.ilquotidianoitaliano.it/gallerie/2011/06/news/macedonia-mega-monumento-ad-alessandro-magno-94976.html/ Visited on 01/07/2014
http://www.ilnuovo.it/articolo-20110621-Macedonia%253A_mega-statua_Alessandro_Magno.php Visited on 01/07/2014

  • Restoration of the Replica of 'Porcellino'

http://press.comune.fi.it/hcm/hcm5353-11_89-Porcellino,+torna+a+splendere+il+bronzo+alla+Loggi.html?cm_id_details=59283&id_padre=47009 Porcellino, torna a splendere il bronzo alla Loggia del Mercato nuovo, consulted on 01/07/2014
http://www.sassarinotizie.com/24ore-articolo-55845-firenze__porcellino__della_loggia_del_mercato_nuovo_e__tornato_a_splendere.aspx Consulted on 01/07/2014
http://corrierefiorentino.corriere.it/firenze/notizie/arte_e_cultura/2011/18-ottobre-2011/porcellino-come-nuovo-tutti-sfregare-1901864171499.shtml Consulted on 01/07/2014

  • Replica of Michelangelo's 'Bruges Madonna'

http://michelangelosmadonna.com/bruges/Rassegna_stampa_HR_web.pdf Consulted on 01/07/2014
http://www.chiesacattolica.it/cci_new_v3/allegati/7636/b292810ago1.pdf Rivive il bronzo 'perduto' di Michelangelo, visited on 01/07/2014
http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/michelangelos-bruges-madonna-graces-dc-basilica-70271322.html Visited on 01/07/2014
http://www.zoomedia.it/Firenze/eventi/casa_buonarroti/madonna_di_bruges/index.html Visited on 01/07/2014
http://www.catholicherald.com/stories/Michelangelos-Mother-of-God,12081 Visited on 01/07/2014
Knights Columbus Museum http://www.kofcmuseum.org/km/en/exhibits/2010/michelangelo/ Visited on 01/07/2014

  • Exhibitions

Bronzi di Toscana di Piero Bertelli http://www.consiglio.regione.toscana.it/upload/crt/eventi/M/titolo_993.pdf Consulted on 01/07/2014
Bronzi di Toscana di Piero Bertelli http://www.firenzeonline.com/news/ultim-ora/mostre-lamore-di-piero-bertelli-per-la-forma.html Visited on 01/07/2014
Bronzi di Toscana di Piero Bertelli http://archivio.gonews.it/articolo_219987_Per-Piero-Bertelli-da-Montelupo-una-mostra-in-consiglio-regionale.html Visited on 01/07/2014
Di Bronzo e di Fuoco http://www.agenziaaise.it/cultura/istitaliani-di-cultura/156209-qdi-bronzo-e-di-fuocoq-le-sculture-della-fonderia-marinelli-in-trasferta-a-los-angeles.html Consulted on 01/07/2014
Bronzi per Michelangelo http://www.fashiondesignlab.com/02/bronzi_michelangelo_a_casa_buonarroti.asp Consulted on 01/07/2014
Bronzi per Michelangelo http://www.repubblica.it/speciali/arte/recensioni/2010/12/10/news/michelangelo_replicato_in_bronzo_una_favolosa_tourne_negli_usa-10046363/ Visited on 01/07/2014
Bronzi per Michelangelo http://www.casabuonarroti.it/it/2010/11/10/bronzi-per-michelangelo/ Consulted on 01/07/2014
Bronzi per Michelangelo http://www.exibart.com/profilo/eventiV2.asp?idelemento=97962 Consulted on 01/07/2014
Monumental Sculpture from Renaissance Florence: Ghiberti, Nanni di Banco and Verrocchio at Orsanmichele http://www.opificiodellepietredure.it/index.php?it/522/mostre Consulted on 01/07/2014
Pietà di Michelangelo a Casa Buonarroti http://www.lanazione.it/firenze/2007/04/10/4255-casa_buonarroti.shtml Visited on 01/07/2014
Pietà di Michelangelo a Casa Buonarroti http://www.artearti.net/magazine/articolo/La_replica_della_Pieta Visited on 01/07/2014
Giuseppe negli arazzi di Pontormo e Bronzino http://www.quirinale.it/qrnw/statico/artecultura/mostre/2010_Giuseppe/immagini-htm/battistero.htm Visited on 01/07/2014
Pietà di Michelangelo a Wally Findlay Galleries http://www.palmbeachdailynews.com/news/entertainment/arts-theater/pieta-replica-centerpiece-of-wally-findlays-madonn/nMFDb/ Visited on 01/07/2014
Pietà di Michelangelo a St. Patrick's Old Cathedral NYC http://www.reuters.com/article/2009/08/25/idUS105584+25-Aug-2009+PRN20090825 Visited on 01/07/2014

See also[edit]

External links[edit]