Ferenc Rajniss

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Ferenc Rajniss
Arrow Cross Party.jpg
Ministers of the Arrow Cross Party government. Ferenc Rajniss is in the first from left of the upper row.
Born Ferenc Rheinisch
(1893-07-24)24 July 1893
Bardejov, Austria-Hungary
Died 12 March 1946(1946-03-12) (aged 52)
Budapest
Cause of death
Executed
Ethnicity Swabian German
Citizenship Hungarian
Occupation Journalist
Known for Politician and Nazi collaborator
Title Minister of Education
Term 1944–1945
Political party
Hungarian National Defence Association, National Front, Hungarian National Socialist Party, National Federation, Arrow Cross Party

Ferenc Rajniss (née Rheinisch) (24 July 1893 – 12 March 1946) was a Hungarian journalist, socialite and fascist politician. He belonged to the pro-Nazi Germany tendency within Hungarian politics

Emergence[edit]

Born in Bardejov (at the time part of Austria–Hungary but now in Slovakia) to a Swabian German family, Rajniss's surname initially reflected his German origins before he changed it to a Hungarian version. As a journalist Rajniss belonged to the Szeged fascist camp and was a supporter of Gyula Gömbös.[1] He founded his own weekly paper, Magyar Futár, in support of this movement and it soon became notorious for its anti-Semitism.[2] Before long he had secured funding from Nazi Germany for his political endeavours and this was to be one of his two main source of income, the other being acting as a 'toy boy' to a number of wealthy old women.[1]

Member of the Diet[edit]

Rajniss was elected to the Diet of Hungary in the early 1930s, initially as a representative of the minor far right National Front.[1] However he left this group in October 1937 to join with Zoltán Böszörmény and Fidél Pálffy in launching the United Hungarian National Socialist Party, one of a number of largely failed attempts to bring Hungary's Nazis under one umbrella.[1]

Rajniss then became a supporter of Béla Imrédy and in 1938 joined the governing party as a result of his change of position.[1] He followed his leader into the Party of National Renewal when Imrédy founded this opposition group in 1940.[1]

Nazism[edit]

Rajniss launched a second paper, Esti Ujság, which he continued to edit until 1944 and which offered a pro-Nazi agenda.[1] He became a trusted ally of the Nazis and specifically collobrated closely with the RSHA.[1] By this time Rajniss had again switched his support, this time to Ferenc Szálasi and in 1944 he formed his own political party, the pro-Szálasi "Nemzeti Szovetseg" (National Federation), which contained about 200 members of Parliament committed to continuing the war on the side of the Nazis.[3] Rajniss played a leading role in Szálasi's rise to power and was apoointed part of the three man governing council with which the Germans replaced Miklós Horthy in 1944, alongside Károly Beregffy and Sándor Csia.[4] He was also appointed Minister of Education in the new government, a position he held until the fall of Szálasi in March 1945.[1]

Arrested after the collapse of the government he was adjudged to ave been a leading figure in collaborationism and was executed in Budapest.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Philip Rees, Biographical Dictionary of the Extreme Right Since 1890, 1990, p. 313
  2. ^ Tim Cole, Holocaust City, 2003, p. 131
  3. ^ Hungary and Hitler
  4. ^ Hungary
Political offices
Preceded by
Iván Rakovszky
Minister of Religion and Education
1944–1945
Succeeded by
Ferenc Szálasi