Fereydoun Farrokhzad

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Fereydoun Farrokhzad
فريدون فرخزاد
Fereydoun-Farrokhzad.jpg
Background information
Birth name Fereydoun Farrokhzad
Also known as Farrokhzad
Born (1938-10-07)October 7, 1938
Tehran, Iran
Died August 8, 1992(1992-08-08) (aged 53)
Bonn, Germany
Occupation(s) Singer, TV/Radio Host, Entertainer, Poet, Writer, Activist, Humanitarian
Years active 1962–1992
Labels Taraneh Records
Caltex Records
Pars Video
Avang Records
Associated acts Mahasti, Googoosh, Sattar, Ebi, Shohreh Solati, Shahram Shabpareh

Fereydoun Farrokhzad (Persian: فریدون فرخزاد‎) (October 7, 1938 - August 6, 1992) was a legendary Iranian singer, actor, poet, TV and radio host, writer, and opposition political figure.[1] He is best known for his successful show variety TV show "Mikhakhe Noghrei". He was the brother of the acclaimed Persian poet Forough Farrokhzad and Pooran Farrokhzad. He was forced into exile after the Iranian Revolution in 1979.

Biography[edit]

Fereydoun Farrokhzad was born in Chahar Raheh Gomrok (Gomrok Intersection), a neighborhood in Tehran, Iran.[citation needed] He was the second of seven children (Amir, Mehram, Mehrdad, Forough, Pouran, Gloria). After graduating from high school he went to Germany and Austria for his post-secondary education. He got his Ph.D. in Political Science from the Munich University. At a young age Farrokhzad had a passion for poetry and for singing. He turned that passion to reality in 1962 when he started writing poems in Germany, which were published in two German newspapers. In 1964 Farrokhzad published his collection of poems called "Fasleh Deegar" (Another Season). His book was critically acclaimed and was honored by many famous German poets. Five months after the release of "Fasleh Deegar" Farrokhzad received the Poetry Award of Berlin. For a couple years Farrokhzad was a member of the Munich Academy of Poetry.[citation needed] In 1966 he found his way to the Television and Radio of Munich. On Radio he had a comedy and music program which played middle eastern music including music from Iran. On TV he created and produced a show called خيابان های آلپ (Alpine Roads). In 1967 he returned to Iran and performed on successful radio and TV shows. His most successful and famous TV show was "Mikhakeh Noghrei" (Silver Carnation). The show was watched by millions of Iranians. On the show Farokhzad introduced and discovered many famous Iranian artists including Sattar, Shohreh, Shahram Solati, Ebi, Morteza, Rouhi Savoji, Hamid Shabkhiz, Leila Forouhar, Saeed Mohammadi and many more. After the 1979 revolution, Farroukhzad was imprisoned, then released. He escaped the country and settled in Germany.[2]

Personal life[edit]

Farrokhzad married and divorced twice. His first marriage took place in 1962, to a German woman named Ania Buchkowski, whom he met at Oxford. Like Farrokhzad, she had a passion for poetry and theater; it was after meeting her that Farrokhzad started writing poems. They divorced, but they had a son named Rostam. His second marriage, to an Iranian woman, also ended in divorce.[citation needed] [3]

Political views[edit]

According to Voice of America, Farrokhzad was known by his fans as an "educated patriot" who frequently criticized the Islamic Republic and its leaders and who was present during many demonstrations against the clerical government.

Death[edit]

Fereydoun Farrokhzad grave

Farrokhzad produced a weekly radio show for the "Voice of the Flag of Freedom Organization of Iran," the radio station of the Organization of Kaviyani Banner, an "organization of exiled supporters of the Iranian monarchy."[4] Farrokhzad also participated in a film, "I Love Vienna",[5] which was considered by some Iranian authorities to be anti-Islamic.[2][not in citation given]

On Saturday August 8, 1992 Farrokhzad was stabbed 40 times in his home in Bonn, Germany. His body was found five days later in a pool of blood in his kitchen. He was stabbed to death on 8 August 1992 at his home in Bonn, Germany. Prior to his murder, Farrokzhad had been involved in producing an opposition radio programme and reportedly received death threats. In his show the Royal Albert Hall in London he criticized Khomeini and made fun of Khomeini's obsession with sex in his Ressaleh book, which followed death threats and concerns for him.[4]

According to the U.S. state-funded Voice of America (VOA), the murder was "widely believed to be the work of Iran's Islamic government".[6]

Legacy[edit]

To this day Farrokhzad is considered one of the best entertainers and showmen that Iran has ever had. His songs are still played on Iranian TV and Radio shows outside of Iran. Many artists like Saeed Mohammadi and Shahram Shabpareh have done covers of his famous songs. He is responsible for the success of many Iranian artists that are famous today. Singer Ebi has said that he owes his success to Farrokhzad.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]