The Fergana Oblast (Russian: Ферганская область) was an oblast (province) of the Russian Empire. It roughly corresponded to most of present-day Fergana Valley. It was created out of the territories of the former Khanate of Kokand (except oblast s of Syr-Darya Oblast and Semirechye Oblast were part of khanate before Russian conquest between 1853 and 1865). It was divided into okrugs of Margelan (Its center was Novy Margelan and divided into Novy Margelan and Stary Margelan uzeyds), Andijan, Kokand, Namangan (Namangan and Chust uzeyds) and Osh.
As of 1897, 1,572,214 people populated the oblast. Turkic speaking Sarts (Today called Uzbeks) constituted the majority of the population. Significant minorities consisted of Kyrgyz and Tajiks. Total Turkic speaking were 1.439,989 (91,6% of the total population of the oblast).
|Unspecified Turkic dialects||261,234||16,6%|