Ferguson, Missouri

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Ferguson, Missouri
City
City of Ferguson
Ferguson's Church Street in 2012
Ferguson's Church Street in 2012
Location within St. Louis County (left) and Missouri (right)
Location within St. Louis County (left) and Missouri (right)
Coordinates: 38°44′39″N 90°18′19″W / 38.74417°N 90.30528°W / 38.74417; -90.30528Coordinates: 38°44′39″N 90°18′19″W / 38.74417°N 90.30528°W / 38.74417; -90.30528[1]
Country United States
State Missouri
County St. Louis
Municipal incorporation 1894
Government
 • Mayor James Knowles III
 • City Manager John Shaw
Area[2]
 • Total 6.20 sq mi (16.06 km2)
 • Land 6.19 sq mi (16.03 km2)
 • Water 0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
Elevation[1] 502 ft (153 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 21,203
 • Estimate (2013)[4] 21,111
 • Density 3,400/sq mi (1,300/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 63135
Area code 314
FIPS code 29-23986[1]
GNIS feature ID 0756046[1]
Website City of Ferguson

Ferguson is a city in St. Louis County, Missouri, United States.[1]

It is part of the Greater St. Louis metropolitan area. The population was 21,203 at the 2010 census.[5]

History

Ferguson had its start in 1855 when William B. Ferguson deeded 10 acres (4.0 ha) of land to the Wabash Railroad in exchange for a new depot and naming rights.[6][7] The settlement that sprang up around the depot was called Ferguson Station.[8] Ferguson was the first outside station connected to St. Louis.[9]

Ferguson was incorporated as a city in 1894.[10]

Emerson Electric moved its headquarters to Ferguson during the 20th century.[8]

2014 shooting and unrest

On August 9, 2014, 18-year-old man Michael Brown was fatally shot by Darren Wilson, a Ferguson Police Department officer.[11][12] The incident sparked protests and acts of vandalism in Ferguson as well as widespread calls for an investigation into the incident.[13] On August 10, after a day of vigils, some of the crowd began looting businesses, vandalizing vehicles and confronting police who sought to block off access to several areas of the city.[14] Police showed up with riot gear, and violent clashes between protesters and police ensued.[15][16] On August 18, National Guard troops arrived in Ferguson at the request of the Governor of Missouri Jay Nixon, who also ended midnight to 5:00 a.m. curfews that had been imposed.[17] On November 24, a grand jury decided that it would not indict Wilson in the shooting death of Brown.[18] Following the announcement of the grand jury's decision, there were peaceful protests as well as rioting.[19][20]

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.20 square miles (16.06 km2), of which 6.19 square miles (16.03 km2) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) is water.[2]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 1,015
1910 1,658 63.3%
1920 1,874 13.0%
1930 3,798 102.7%
1940 5,724 50.7%
1950 11,573 102.2%
1960 22,149 91.4%
1970 28,759 29.8%
1980 24,740 −14.0%
1990 22,286 −9.9%
2000 22,406 0.5%
2010 21,203 −5.4%
Est. 2013 21,111 [4] −0.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[21]

The population of Ferguson grew rapidly during the first six decades of the twentieth century, from 1,015 people in 1900 to 22,149 people in 1960, an average growth rate of 5% per year. Since 1960 the population has remained nearly constant.

The racial composition of Ferguson has shifted, however. In 1970, 99% of the population of Fergueson was White and 1% African American. In 1980, the proportion of White residents went down to 85%, whereas the proportion of African American rose to 14%. In 1990, residents of Ferguson who were identified in the U.S. Census as White comprised 73.8% of the total, while those identified as Black made up 25.1%.[22] (The remainder, 1.1%, identified with other racial categories.) In the 2000 census, 44.7% were White and 52.4% were African American. In the 2010 census, 29.3% were White and 67.4% were African American.

2010 census

As of the 2010 census,[3] there were 21,203 people, 8,192 households, and 5,500 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,425.4 inhabitants per square mile (1,322.6/km2). There were 9,105 housing units at an average density of 1,470.9 per square mile (567.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 67.4% African American, 29.3% White, 0.5% Asian, 0.4% Native American, 0.4% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. Hispanic and Latino of any race were 1.2% of the population.

There were 8,192 households of which 39.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 29.6% were married couples living together, 31.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 32.9% were non-families. 28.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.12.

The median age in the city was 33.1 years. 28.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 10.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.2% were from 25 to 44; 25.3% were from 45 to 64; and 10.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 44.8% male and 55.2% female.

2000 census

As of the census[23] of 2000, there were 22,406 people, 8,612 households, and 5,838 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,620.6 people per square mile (1,397.6/km²). There were 9,191 housing units at an average density of 1,485.2 per square mile (573.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 52.4% African American, 44.8% White, 0.7% Asian, 0.1% Native American, < 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.4% from other races, and 1.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.0% of the population.

There were 8,612 households out of which 36.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.9% were married couples living together, 25.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.2% were non-families. 27.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.14.

In the city the population was spread out with 30.3% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 29.7% from 25 to 44, 19.0% from 45 to 64, and 12.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 84.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 76.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $37,134 and the median income for a family was $43,303. Males had a median income of $34,710 versus $32,649 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,524. About 10.2% of families and 17.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.2% of those under age 18 and 13.6% of those age 65 or over.[24]

Economy

The city is home to the headquarters of Emerson Electric.[25][26]

Government

Ferguson City Hall

The mayor of Ferguson is directly elected for a three-year term.[27] Voter turnout in the most recent mayoral election was approximately 12%.[28][29] The mayor ran unopposed.[29] The Ferguson city council is composed of six members.[28]

The Ferguson Police Department is involved with the following public programs: Business Watch, Community Emergency Response Team (CERT), D.A.R.E. Program, Neighborhood Watch, School Resource Officers, Riot Patrol.

The Ferguson Fire Department has two fire stations that are staffed 24 hours a day. House #1 has a pumper truck and a rescue truck, while House #2 has a pump and ladder vehicle and a reserve pumper truck.

Education

St. Louis Community College-Florissant Valley, which has about 8,000 students, is located in Ferguson.

The following public schools, all part of the Ferguson-Florissant School District, are located within the city of Ferguson:

  • McCluer South-Berkeley High School, enrollment 2,882
  • Ferguson Middle School, enrollment 700
  • Central Elementary School
  • Griffith Elementary School
  • Johnson-Wabash Elementary School
  • Lee-Hamilton Elementary School
  • Vogt Elementary School

The following private schools are located within the city of Ferguson:

  • Blessed Teresa of Calcutta School
  • Our Lady of Guadalupe School
  • Zion Lutheran School

Ferguson is also home to the Challenger Learning Center – St. Louis, which provides a space education program.

The Ferguson Municipal Public Library is one of several independent community libraries in St. Louis County and is a member of the Municipal Library Consortium of St. Louis County.

Notable people

This list may include persons born in the community, past residents, and current residents.

References

  1. ^ a b c d e Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) details for Ferguson, Missouri; United States Geological Survey (USGS); October 24, 1980.
  2. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08. 
  4. ^ a b "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-08-16. 
  5. ^ "Race, Hispanic or Latino, Age, and Housing Occupancy: 2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File (QT-PL), Ferguson city, Missouri". U.S. Census Bureau, American FactFinder 2. Retrieved October 21, 2011. 
  6. ^ Fox, Tim (1995). Where We Live: A Guide to St. Louis Communities. Missouri History Museum. p. 186. ISBN 978-1-883982-12-6. 
  7. ^ Bryan, William Smith; Rose, Robert; Elwang, William Wilson (1876). A History of the Pioneer Families of Missouri: With Numerous Sketches, Anecdotes, Adventures, Etc., Relating to Early Days in Missouri. Also the Lives of Daniel Boone and the Celebrated Indian Chief Black Hawk, with Numerous Biographies and Histories of Primitive Institutions. Lucas brothers. p. 167. 
  8. ^ a b "City History". City of Ferguson. Retrieved 25 November 2014. "The city boomed during the post-World War II era. Commuter trains were replaced by automobile traffic. Plentiful employment was provided by new industries, including the relocated headquarters of Emerson Electric Company. Scores of new homes were built and the city's population continued to expand. In 1954, Ferguson became a charter city, one of the first in St. Louis County to adopt the council-manager form of government." 
  9. ^ Montesi, Al; Deposki, Richard (2002). St. Louis Union Station. Arcadia Publishing. p. 9. ISBN 978-0-7385-1983-8. 
  10. ^ "Ferguson Missouri". AboutStLouis.com. Retrieved 13 August 2014. 
  11. ^ "Ferguson Chief Names Darren Wilson as Cop Who Shot Michael Brown". NBCNews.com. 15 August 2014. Retrieved 15 August 2014. 
  12. ^ Berman, Mark; Lowery, Wesley (15 August 2014). "Ferguson police call Michael Brown a robbery suspect, identify Darren Wilson as officer who shot him". Retrieved 15 August 2014. 
  13. ^ Lind, Dara (12 August 2014). "Outrage in Ferguson after police shooting of unarmed teenager Michael Brown". Vox Media. Retrieved 12 August 2014. 
  14. ^ Yang, John (August 10, 2014). "Looting Erupts After Vigil for Slain Missouri Teen Michael Brown". NBC News. Retrieved August 11, 2014. 
  15. ^ Fantz, Ashley; Howell, George (August 11, 2014). "Protesters fill streets after Michael Brown shooting". CNN. Retrieved August 11, 2014. 
  16. ^ Scher Zagier, Alan. "Police, protesters again clash outside St. Louis". Star-telegram.com (Ft. Worth). Associated Press. Retrieved 2014-08-12. 
  17. ^ Davey, Monica; Eligon, John; Blinder, Alan (August 19, 2014). "National Guard Troops Fail to Quell Unrest in Ferguson". New York Times. Retrieved August 19, 2014. "In a news conference on Monday, family members and Dr. Baden said that the autopsy he had performed confirmed witness accounts that Mr. Brown was trying to surrender when he was killed." 
  18. ^ Alcindor, Yamiche; Welch, William M. (24 November 2014). "No indictment in Ferguson case". USA Today. Retrieved 24 November 2014. 
  19. ^ Moni Basu, Holly Yan and Dana Ford, CNN (November 24, 2014). "Ferguson: Fires and chaos erupts after no indictment - CNN.com". CNN. Retrieved November 25, 2014. 
  20. ^ Oliver Darcy (25 November 2014). "61 Arrested, At Least a Dozen Buildings Set Aflame Following Ferguson Grand Jury Decision". The Blaze. Retrieved 25 November 2014. 
  21. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved November 26, 2014. 
  22. ^ Bureau of Census, 1990 Census of Population: General Population Characteristics, Missouri. Online: https://www.census.gov/prod/cen1990/cp1/cp-1-27.pdf, p. 56.
  23. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  24. ^ "American FactFinder (Ferguson, Missouri)". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-24. 
  25. ^ "A closer look at Ferguson, Missouri, the St. Louis suburb where Michael Brown was killed". Fox News. Associated Press. November 24, 2014. Retrieved November 25, 2014. 
  26. ^ Snyder, Benjamin (August 18, 2014). "Amid unrest, it's business as usual for Ferguson's Emerson Electric". Fortune. Retrieved November 25, 2014. 
  27. ^ Howard, Shannon (2014-04-06). "Election Day brings new leadership to NoCo". NOCO. Retrieved 2014-08-19. 
  28. ^ a b Vega, Tanzina (2014-08-14). "Deep Tensions Rise to Surface After Ferguson Shooting". New York Times. Retrieved 2014-08-19. 
  29. ^ a b "St. Louis County Election Results April 2014". stlouisco.com. Retrieved 15 September 2014. 
  30. ^ Levins, Harry (2001-04-03). "Air Force General, a Missourian, may be in line to become next Chairman of Joint Chiefs of Staff". St. Louis Post-Dispatch (Lee Enterprises). p. A3 – via HighBeam Research. "He is Gen. Ralph E. 'Ed' Eberhart, a native of Nevada, Mo., who grew up in Ferguson and graduated from McCluer in 1964." 

External links