|Motto: Proud Past. Promising Future.|
Location of Ferguson, Missouri
|• Mayor||James Knowles III|
|• City Manager||John Shaw|
|• Total||6.20 sq mi (16.06 km2)|
|• Land||6.19 sq mi (16.03 km2)|
|• Water||0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)|
|Elevation||508 ft (155 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||21,135|
|• Density||3,425.4/sq mi (1,322.6/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||0756046|
|Website||City of Ferguson|
Ferguson is located at .(38.745650, -90.296556)
As of the census of 2010, there were 21,203 people, 8,192 households, and 5,500 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,425.4 inhabitants per square mile (1,322.6 /km2). There were 9,105 housing units at an average density of 1,470.9 per square mile (567.9 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 29.3% White, 67.4% African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.4% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.2% of the population.
There were 8,192 households of which 39.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 29.6% were married couples living together, 31.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 32.9% were non-families. 28.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.12.
The median age in the city was 33.1 years. 28.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 10.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.2% were from 25 to 44; 25.3% were from 45 to 64; and 10.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 44.8% male and 55.2% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 22,406 people, 8,612 households, and 5,838 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,620.6 people per square mile (1,397.6/km²). There were 9,191 housing units at an average density of 1,485.2 per square mile (573.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 44.75% White, 52.41% African American, 0.11% Native American, 0.67% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.38% from other races, and 1.67% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.02% of the population.
There were 8,612 households out of which 36.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.9% were married couples living together, 25.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.2% were non-families. 27.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.14.
In the city the population was spread out with 30.3% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 29.7% from 25 to 44, 19.0% from 45 to 64, and 12.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 84.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 76.9 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $37,134 and the median income for a family was 43,303. Males had a median income of $34,710 versus $32,649 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,524. About 10.2% of families and 17.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.2% of those under age 18 and 13.6% of those age 65 or over.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (June 2010)|
Ferguson was founded in 1894 by William B. Ferguson as a station for the Wabash Railroad. A bust of William B. Ferguson, sculpted by William N. Duncan now sits in the lobby of the Ferguson City Hall. About a decade later, a streetcar line was laid down Florissant Road from what is now Suburban Avenue west to Wesley Avenue. A loop eventually was constructed there. According to native St. Louisan and St. Louis streetcar hobbyist Wayne Brasler, whose father was a streetcar motorman and took him for rides frequently, the track down Florissant was single because the road was too narrow for two tracks; but the line otherwise was double track. It ran from a junction with the Florissant streetcar line at Kinloch. That line, the longest streetcar route in the nation, originated as the West End Narrow Gauge Railway, which in the beginning ran from the alley next to the Fox Theatre near Grand and Olive streets. When the streetcar line was ended around 1950, replaced by several bus lines, the route from Kinloch into Ferguson became Suburban Avenue. But at the Kinloch end the street never connected. Because of both the Wabash and the streetcar line (the City Limits-Ferguson), Ferguson was an easily accessible suburb, popular for shopping and for its beautiful parks.
The following public schools, all part of the Ferguson-Florissant School District, are located within the city of Ferguson:
- McCluer South-Berkeley High School, enrollment 2,882
- Ferguson Middle School, enrollment 700
- Central Elementary School
- Griffith Elementary School
- Johnson-Wabash Elementary School
- Lee-Hamilton Elementary School
- Vogt Elementary School
- Operates under the authority of the Ferguson, Missouri government.
The following private schools are located within the city of Ferguson:
Ferguson is also home to the Challenger Learning Center - St. Louis, which provides a space education program.
This list may include persons born in the community, past residents, and current residents.
- Jimmy Doolittle, American aviation pioneer who served with great distinction as a general during the Second World War
- General Ralph Eberhart, commander of the North American Aerospace Defense Command during the September 11 attacks
- Louis Maull, distributor of Maull's barbecue sauce
- Michael McDonald, Grammy Award-winning singer
- Susan Notorangelo, long-distance cyclist
- Enos Slaughter, baseball player
- Harry J. Tuthill, cartoonist of the syndicated comic strip, The Bungle Family
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-30.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Race, Hispanic or Latino, Age, and Housing Occupancy: 2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File (QT-PL), Ferguson city, Missouri". U.S. Census Bureau, American FactFinder 2. Retrieved October 21, 2011.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "American FactFinder (Ferguson, Missouri)". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-24.
- Edwards, Greg. "$60 million in data centers coming online at Emerson." St. Louis Business Journal. Friday August 29, 2008. Retrieved on August 18, 2009.
- "Ferguson". St. Louis Post-Dispatch 'Our Towns' special section. October 27, 2006. p. 56.
- Levins, Harry (2001-04-03). "Air Force General, a Missourian, may be in line to become next Chairman of Joint Chiefs of Staff". St. Louis Post-Dispatch (Lee Enterprises). p. A3. "He is Gen. Ralph E. 'Ed' Eberhart, a native of Nevada, Mo., who grew up in Ferguson and graduated from McCluer in 1964."
- City of Ferguson official website
- History of Ferguson, MO
- Ferguson Police Department official website
- Ferguson Fire Department official website
- Ferguson Citywalk downtown business district
- Live Well Ferguson
- Ferguson Twilight Run
- Old Ferguson West neighborhood association
- Ferguson Municipal Library
- Ferguson Farmers' Market
- Ferguson Youth Initiative
- Keep Ferguson Beautiful