Ferguson, Missouri

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Ferguson, Missouri
City
Motto: Proud Past. Promising Future.
Location of Ferguson, Missouri
Location of Ferguson, Missouri
Coordinates: 38°44′44″N 90°17′48″W / 38.74556°N 90.29667°W / 38.74556; -90.29667Coordinates: 38°44′44″N 90°17′48″W / 38.74556°N 90.29667°W / 38.74556; -90.29667
Country United States
State Missouri
County St. Louis
Municipal incorporation 1894
Government
 • Mayor James Knowles III
 • City Manager John Shaw
Area[1]
 • Total 6.20 sq mi (16.06 km2)
 • Land 6.19 sq mi (16.03 km2)
 • Water 0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
Elevation[2] 508 ft (155 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 21,203
 • Estimate (2012[4]) 21,135
 • Density 3,425.4/sq mi (1,322.6/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 63135
Area code(s) 314
FIPS code 29-23986
GNIS feature ID 0756046[5]
Website City of Ferguson

Ferguson is a city in St. Louis County, Missouri, United States. The population was 21,203 at the 2010 census.[6] The city is home to the headquarters of Emerson Electric.

Geography[edit]

Ferguson is located at 38°44′44″N 90°17′48″W / 38.74556°N 90.29667°W / 38.74556; -90.29667 (38.745650, -90.296556).[7]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.20 square miles (16.06 km2), of which, 6.19 square miles (16.03 km2) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) is water.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 1,015
1910 1,658 63.3%
1920 1,874 13.0%
1930 3,798 102.7%
1940 5,724 50.7%
1950 11,573 102.2%
1960 22,149 91.4%
1970 28,759 29.8%
1980 24,740 −14.0%
1990 22,286 −9.9%
2000 22,406 0.5%
2010 21,203 −5.4%
Est. 2012 21,135 −0.3%
U.S. Decennial Census
2011 estimate

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 21,203 people, 8,192 households, and 5,500 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,425.4 inhabitants per square mile (1,322.6 /km2). There were 9,105 housing units at an average density of 1,470.9 per square mile (567.9 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 29.3% White, 67.4% African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.4% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.2% of the population.

There were 8,192 households of which 39.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 29.6% were married couples living together, 31.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 32.9% were non-families. 28.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.12.

The median age in the city was 33.1 years. 28.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 10.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.2% were from 25 to 44; 25.3% were from 45 to 64; and 10.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 44.8% male and 55.2% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 22,406 people, 8,612 households, and 5,838 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,620.6 people per square mile (1,397.6/km²). There were 9,191 housing units at an average density of 1,485.2 per square mile (573.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 44.75% White, 52.41% African American, 0.11% Native American, 0.67% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.38% from other races, and 1.67% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.02% of the population.

There were 8,612 households out of which 36.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.9% were married couples living together, 25.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.2% were non-families. 27.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.14.

In the city the population was spread out with 30.3% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 29.7% from 25 to 44, 19.0% from 45 to 64, and 12.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 84.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 76.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $37,134 and the median income for a family was 43,303. Males had a median income of $34,710 versus $32,649 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,524. About 10.2% of families and 17.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.2% of those under age 18 and 13.6% of those age 65 or over.[9]

History[edit]

Ferguson was founded in 1894 by William B. Ferguson as a station for the Wabash Railroad. A bust of William B. Ferguson, sculpted by William N. Duncan now sits in the lobby of the Ferguson City Hall. About a decade later, a streetcar line was laid down Florissant Road from what is now Suburban Avenue west to Wesley Avenue. A loop eventually was constructed there. According to native St. Louisan and St. Louis streetcar hobbyist Wayne Brasler, whose father was a streetcar motorman and took him for rides frequently, the track down Florissant was single because the road was too narrow for two tracks; but the line otherwise was double track. It ran from a junction with the Florissant streetcar line at Kinloch. That line, the longest streetcar route in the nation, originated as the West End Narrow Gauge Railway, which in the beginning ran from the alley next to the Fox Theatre near Grand and Olive streets. When the streetcar line was ended around 1950, replaced by several bus lines, the route from Kinloch into Ferguson became Suburban Avenue. But at the Kinloch end the street never connected. Because of both the Wabash and the streetcar line (the City Limits-Ferguson), Ferguson was an easily accessible suburb, popular for shopping and for its beautiful parks.

Notable businesses[edit]

Emerson Electric Company, which has more than 128,000 employees worldwide, is headquartered in Ferguson.[10][11]

Education[edit]

St. Louis Community College-Florissant Valley, which has about 8,000 students,[11] is located in Ferguson.

The following public schools, all part of the Ferguson-Florissant School District, are located within the city of Ferguson:

  • McCluer South-Berkeley High School, enrollment 2,882
  • Ferguson Middle School, enrollment 700
  • Central Elementary School
  • Griffith Elementary School
  • Johnson-Wabash Elementary School
  • Lee-Hamilton Elementary School
  • Vogt Elementary School

The following private schools are located within the city of Ferguson:

Ferguson is also home to the Challenger Learning Center - St. Louis, which provides a space education program.

The Ferguson Municipal Public Library is one of several independent community libraries in St. Louis County. It is a member of the Municipal Library Consortium of St. Louis County, Missouri.

Public Safety[edit]

  • Operates under the authority of the Ferguson, Missouri government.

Police Department[edit]

Ferguson Police Department (Missouri)
Police Chief Colonel Thomas Jackson
222 S. Florissant Road Ferguson, MO 63135
http://www.fergusoncity.com/index.aspx?NID=92

Services & Programs : In addition, the department also provides a variety of community crime prevention services and programs, including:

  • Business Watch
  • Community Emergency Response Team (CERT)
  • D.A.R.E. Program
  • Neighborhood Watch
  • School Resource Officers

Additional Information : In addition to our uniform patrol officers and criminal investigation detectives, the department is supplemented with four K-9 officers, bicycle patrol, and a traffic unit. The department has its own correctional facility, maintains evidence and property, and on-site indoor firearms range.

Fire Department[edit]

  • The Ferguson Fire Department has two fire stations and they are staffed 24 hours a day.

Ferguson Fire Department (Missouri)
Fire Chief Steven Rosenthal
106 Church Street Ferguson, MO 63135
http://www.fergusoncity.com/index.aspx?nid=90

  • House #1 has a pumper truck and a rescue truck
  • House #2 has a pump and ladder vehicle and a reserve pumper truck

Fire House #1
200 S. Florissant Road
Ferguson, MO 63135

Fire House #2
10701 W. Florissant Road
Ferguson, MO 63135

Notable residents[edit]

This list may include persons born in the community, past residents, and current residents.

Neighboring Ferguson[edit]

Berkeley | Calverton Park | Cool Valley | Dellwood | Florissant | Hazelwood | Jennings | Kinloch | Normandy

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08. 
  2. ^ City-Data.com
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08. 
  4. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-30. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Race, Hispanic or Latino, Age, and Housing Occupancy: 2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File (QT-PL), Ferguson city, Missouri". U.S. Census Bureau, American FactFinder 2. Retrieved October 21, 2011. 
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder (Ferguson, Missouri)". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-24. 
  10. ^ Edwards, Greg. "$60 million in data centers coming online at Emerson." St. Louis Business Journal. Friday August 29, 2008. Retrieved on August 18, 2009.
  11. ^ a b c d e "Ferguson". St. Louis Post-Dispatch 'Our Towns' special section. October 27, 2006. p. 56. 
  12. ^ Levins, Harry (2001-04-03). "Air Force General, a Missourian, may be in line to become next Chairman of Joint Chiefs of Staff". St. Louis Post-Dispatch (Lee Enterprises). p. A3. "He is Gen. Ralph E. 'Ed' Eberhart, a native of Nevada, Mo., who grew up in Ferguson and graduated from McCluer in 1964." 

External links[edit]