Ferguson Township, Centre County, Pennsylvania
|Home Rule Municipality|
St. Alban's Anglican Church in Pine Grove Mills
Map of Centre County, Pennsylvania highlighting Ferguson Township
Map of Centre County, Pennsylvania
|• Type||Board of Supervisors|
|• Chairman||Richard Mascolo|
|• Vice-chair||Drew Clemson|
|• Supervisor||Elliott Killian|
|• Supervisor||Steve Miller|
|• Supervisor||Janet Whitaker|
|• Total||47.6 sq mi (123.4 km2)|
|• Land||47.6 sq mi (123.4 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|• Density||371/sq mi (143.3/km2)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|Zip codes||16801, 16803|
Ferguson Township is a home rule municipality, formerly a township, in Centre County, Pennsylvania, United States. It is part of the State College, Pennsylvania Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 17,690 at the 2010 census, which is a 25.8% increase from the 2000 census. Most of the agricultural research for Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), located in nearby State College, Pennsylvania, is at the Russell E. Larson Research Center located in the western part of Ferguson Township.
Ferguson Township is served by the Ferguson Township Police Department and the Alpha Fire Company for police and fire protection.
The township adopted a home rule charter in May 1974, effective January 5, 1976, retaining "Township of Ferguson" as its official name. Despite the "Township" designation, Ferguson is no longer governed under the state's Township Code.
Ferguson Township is bordered by Halfmoon Township and Patton townships to the northwest, the borough of State College and College Township to the northeast, Harris Township to the east and Huntingdon County to the south.
As of the census of 2010, there were 17,690 people, 7,195 households, and 4,192 families residing in the township. The population density was 367.8 people per square mile (141.9/km²). There were 7,501 housing units at an average density of 155.9 per square mile (60.2/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 82.0% White, 3.2% Black or African American, 0.1% Native American, 11.4% Asian, 1.0% from other races, and 2.3% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 3.0% of the population.
There were 7,195 households out of which 26.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.7% were married couples living together, 2.4% had a male householder with no wife present, 6.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.7% were non-families. 25.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.94.
The age distribution was 19.6% under 18, 18.0% from 18 to 24, 27.4% from 25 to 44, 23.0% from 45 to 64, and 12.0% who were 65 or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 102.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.3 males.
The median income for a household in the township was $57,459, and the median income for a family was $72,339. The per capita income for the township was $31,016. About 5.6% of families and 15.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.7% of those under age 18 and 2.0% of those age 65 or over.
In November 2012, a referendum question on the ballot sought the prohibition of Marcellus shale drilling and all actions related to the fracking industry in the township. Over 1,000 residents signed a petition to place the question on the November ballot. The measure passed (Yes - 4,235, No - 3,883).
The ballot question was: "Shall the Ferguson Township Home Rule Charter be amended to add a Community Bill of Rights enumerating rights to pure water, clean air, rights of natural communities, a sustainable energy future, and local self-government, and to secure those rights by prohibiting corporations from extracting natural gas in Ferguson Township, from installing pipelines and compressor stations and from depositing, storing, or transporting waste water or other by-products of natural gas development within Ferguson Township." 
Opponents to the measure stated that it would have several negative consequences. These consequences included: Taking away residents’ property (mineral rights) without due process and without compensation for those rights; Limiting transportation of goods and services including delivery systems such as natural gas lines and other fossil fuels used to supply fuel to heat homes, operate businesses; and it would raise Township taxes or reduce services due to lawsuits against the Township that would potentially follow.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09.
- Pennsylvania Code Title 314, Sec. 31.1-101 et seq.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Ferguson township, Centre County, Pennsylvania". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved April 9, 2015.
- Ferguson Township. "Township Information and Location". Retrieved 22 December 2012.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- VanderKolk, Jessica, "Ferguson Township approves environmental bill of rights", CentreDaily Times, November 7, 2012
- State College News Network, Proposed Gas-Drilling Ban, Environmental-Rights Question Set for State College Ballot, August 30, 2011
- WNEPTV, 2012 Election Results, November 7, 2012
- Township News, November 6th Home Rule Charter Referendum Question, November 6, 2012