Iris fernaldii

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Iris fernaldii
Iris fernaldii 2.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Iridaceae
Subfamily: Iridoideae
Tribe: Irideae
Genus: Iris
Subgenus: Limniris
Series: Californicae
Species: I. fernaldii
Binomial name
Iris fernaldii
R.C.Foster

Iris fernaldii, with common name is Fernald's iris, is a species of iris endemic to western Northern California.

The plant is native to the Inner and Outer North California Coast Ranges, such as the Santa Cruz Mountains, and surrounding the San Francisco Bay Area. It is found between 164–6,562 feet (50–2,000 m) in elevation. It grows in full sun near the coast, and afternoon shade inland.

Description[edit]

Iris fernaldii spreads by underground rhizomes. It has leaves that are gray-green with pink, red, or purple coloring along their edges and bases. The plants grow to 1 foot (30 cm) tall

The gray-veined yellow flowers usually grow paired on a stem. The color ranges from creamy white or a rich to pale yellow, and rarely light lavender.

Cultivation[edit]

Iris fernaldii is cultivated as an ornamental plant by specialty plant nurseries.[1] It is used in traditional flower beds, native plant and habitat gardens, drought tolerant and natural landscaping, and for habitat restoration projects. Occasional Summer irrigation is needed in warmer climates.[2]

See also[edit]

'Clump' of Iris fernaldii (Fernald's iris) plants.

References[edit]

External links[edit]