Fernaldia pandurata

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Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Apocynaceae
Subfamily: Apocynoideae
Genus: Fernaldia
Species: F. pandurata
Binomial name
Fernaldia pandurata
A. DC., 1844; Woodson, 1932

Fernaldia pandurata (common name: loroco [loˈɾoko]) is a vine with edible flowers that grows in El Salvador, the eastern part of Guatemala, and other Central American countries. It is an important source of food in El Salvador and Guatemala. The plant's buds and flowers are used for cooking in a variety of ways, including in pupusas.

Fernaldia pandurata: Cropped buds for cooking.

The name "loroco" is used throughout Mesoamerica to identify Fernaldia pandurata (A. DC.) Woodson. In Guatemala, another species (Fernaldia brachypharnynx Woodson) is endemic to the province of Escuintla in the southern part of Guatemala and shares the same common name.[1]

Fernaldia pandurata is a herbaceous vine with oblong-elliptical to broadly ovate leaves 4–13 cm. long, 1.5–8 cm broad, inflorescences are generally somewhat shorter than the leaves, with 8–18 flowers, the pedicels 4–6 mm. long; bracts ovate, 1–2 mm long; calyx lobes ovate, acute or obtuse, 2–3 mm. long; corolla white within, greenish outside.[1]


  1. ^ a b Azurdia, César; Loroco (Fernaldia pandurata, Apocynaceae), a Mesoamerican species in the process of domestication
  • S. Facciola (1990). Cornucopia. A source book of edible plants. Kampong. 
  • León, J., H. Goldbach & J. Engels, 1979: Die genetischen Ressourcen der Kulturpflanzen Zentralamerikas., Int. Genbank CATIE/GTZ in Turrialba, Costa Rica, San Juan de Tibás, Costa Rica, 32 pp.
  • Morton, J. F., E. Alvarez & C. Quiñonez, 1990: Loroco, Fernaldia pandurata (Apocynaceae): a popular edible flower of Central America.Econ. Bot. 44, 301–310.

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