Fernando J. Corbató
|Fernando José Corbató|
July 1, 1926 |
|Institutions||Massachusetts Institute of Technology|
|Alma mater||California Institute of Technology
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
|Thesis||A calculation of the energy bands of the graphite crystal by means of the tight-binding method (1956)|
|Doctoral advisor||John C. Slater|
|Doctoral students||Jerome H. Saltzer|
|Notable awards||Turing Award|
Born in Oakland, California, Corbató received a bachelor's degree from the California Institute of Technology in 1950, and then a PhD in physics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1956. He joined MIT's Computation Center immediately upon graduation, became a professor in 1965, and stayed at MIT until he retired.
The first timesharing system he was associated with was known as the MIT Compatible Time-Sharing System (CTSS), an early version of which was demonstrated in 1961. Corbató is credited with the first use of passwords to secure access to files on a large computer system, though he now says that this rudimentary security method has proliferated and become unmanageable.
The experience with developing CTSS led to a second project, Multics, which was adopted by General Electric for its high-end computer systems (later acquired by Honeywell). Multics pioneered many concepts now used in modern operating systems, including a hierarchical file system, ring-oriented security, access control lists, single level store, dynamic linking, and extensive on-line reconfiguration for reliable service. Multics, while not particularly commercially successful in itself, directly inspired Ken Thompson to develop Unix, the direct descendants of which are still in extremely wide use; Unix also served as a direct model for many other subsequent operating system designs. In addition, the Stratus Computer Virtual Operating System (VOS) was directly descended from Multics, and is still in use today for secure, fault-tolerant high-reliability systems.
Among many awards, Corbató received the Turing Award in 1990, "for his pioneering work in organizing the concepts and leading the development of the general-purpose, large-scale, time-sharing and resource-sharing computer systems".
Corbató is sometimes known for "Corbató's Law" which states:
- The number of lines of code a programmer can write in a fixed period of time is the same, independent of the language used.
Corbató has a wife, Emily. He has two daughters, Carolyn and Nancy Corbató (by his late wife Isabel), and two step-sons, David and Jason Gish.
- F. J. Corbató, M. M. Daggett, R. C. Daley, An Experimental Time-Sharing System (IFIPS 1962) in a good description of CTSS
- F. J. Corbató (editor), The Compatible Time-Sharing System: A Programmer's Guide (M.I.T. Press, 1963)
- F. J. Corbató, V. A. Vyssotsky, Introduction and Overview of the Multics System (AFIPS 1965) is a good introduction to Multics
- F. J. Corbató, PL/I As a Tool for System Programming (Datamation, May 6 1969)
- F. J. Corbató, C. T. Clingen, J. H. Saltzer, Multics -- The First Seven Years (AFIPS, 1972) is an excellent review, after a considerable period of use and improvement
- F. J. Corbató, C. T. Clingen, A Managerial View of the Multics System Development ("Conference on Research Directions in Software Technology", Providence, Rhode Island, 1977) is a fascinating look at what it was like to manage such a large software project
- F. J. Corbató, On Building Systems That Will Fail (Turing Award Lecture, 1991)
- Fernando J. Corbató at the Mathematics Genealogy Project
- Levy, Steven (2010). "Winners and Losers". Hackers: Heroes of the Computer Revolution - 25th Anniversary Edition (1st ed.). Sebastopol, CA: O'Reilly Media. p. 85-102. ISBN 978-1449388393.
- Warnock, Eleanor; Pfanner, Eric (May 22, 2014). "Despite Data Thefts, The Password Endures". Wall Street Journal.
- "Fernando Corbato". Computer History Museum. Retrieved 2013-05-23.
- Originally from Corbató, F. J. (6 May 1969). "PL/I as a Tool for System Programming". Datamation 15 (5): 68–76. Archived from the original on 6 February 2008. "Regardless of whether one is dealing with assembly language or compiler language, the number of debugged lines of source code per day is about the same!"
|Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Fernando J. Corbató|
- Oral history interview with Fernando J. Corbató at Charles Babbage Institute, University of Minnesota. Corbató discusses computer science research, especially time-sharing, at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).
- Oral history interview with Fernando J. Corbató at the Computer History Museum in Mountain View, CA. Fernando Corbató reviews his early educational and naval experiences in the Eddy program during World War II, including the Compatible Time-Sharing System (CTSS), Project MAC, and Multics.
- Computer Networks: The Heralds of Resource Sharing, documentary ca. 1972 about the ARPANET. Includes footage of Fernando Corbató.
- 1964 TV episode of John Fitch, Science Reporter, featuring MIT's CTSS time-sharing system and an interview with MIT Professor Fernando J Corbato.