Scherer in 2006
|Full name||Fernando de Queiroz Scherer|
October 6, 1974 |
Florianópolis, Santa Catarina
|Height||1.93 m (6 ft 4 in)|
|Weight||85 kilograms (187 lb)|
Fernando de Queiroz Scherer (born October 6, 1974 in Florianópolis) is an international top swimmer from Brazil, who won the bronze medal in the 50-metre freestyle at the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta, USA. He also won another bronze medal four years later in Sydney with the Brazilian relay team in the 4×100-metre freestyle.
His first major career title occurred at the inaugural 1993 FINA Short Course World Championships in Palma de Mallorca, where he won the 100-metre freestyle. Scherer is nicknamed Xuxa in his native country, and he became Brazil's Sportsman of The Year in 1995, after winning one golden and one silver medal at the 1995 FINA Short Course World Championships in Rio de Janeiro.
Scherer trained at The Race Club, a swimming club founded by Olympic Swimmers Gary Hall, Jr. and his father, Gary Hall, Sr. The Race Club, originally known as "The World Team," was designed to serve as a training group for elite swimmers across the world in preparation for the 2000 Sydney Olympic Games. To be able to train with the Race Club, one must either have been ranked in the top 20 in the world the past 3 calendar years or top 3 in their nation in the past year. The Race Club included such well known swimmers as Roland Mark Schoeman, Mark Foster, Ryk Neethling, Ricky Busquet and Therese Alshammar.
Scherer was involved in the organization Cansei. In 2009, Fernando Scherer took part in the second season of the Record reality show A Fazenda. Among the contestants of this TV show, he met his future wife, the actress and dancer Sheila Mello. Scherer and Mello got married on June 24, 2010, in São Paulo.
Scherer began swimming to combat respiratory problems. At age 14, participated in his first competitions, and, at this time, he trained at the Doze de Agosto club. In 1992, begins to have national prominence, by winning the 50-metre freestyle and 100-metre freestyle in Brazil Trophy. That day, his friends created a nickname by which Scherer became widely known: "Xuxa", due to the blond hair that he had, which resembled those of children's TV presenter.
At the Jose Finkel Trophy (Brazilian short course championship) that happened in Santos, in July 7, 1993, the Brazil team, composed by Fernando Scherer, Teófilo Ferreira, José Carlos Souza and Gustavo Borges, broke the World Record in the 4×100-metre freestyle, with a time of 3:13.97, three cents better than the Swedish team record, from March 19, 1989, 3:14.00. On December 5, Brazil broke again the world record, with the same team, with a time of 3:12.11. This mark was achieved in 1993 FINA World Swimming Championships (25 m), in Palma de Mallorca, where Scherer won his first major titles: the gold in the 100-metre freestyle and in the 4×100-metre freestyle, with only 19 years of age, and five of swimming. With this, he was elected as the revelation athlete of Brazil. He also finished 8th in the 50-metre freestyle.
Participated in the 1994 World Aquatics Championships held in Rome, Italy, where he got the bronze in the 4×100-metre freestyle, along with Teófilo Ferreira, André Teixeira and Gustavo Borges. Scherer also finished 10th in the 50-metre freestyle, and 14th at the 100-metre freestyle.
In 1995, he signed with Flamengo. He was the first swimmer with signed contract.
Scherer was at the 1995 Pan American Games, in March in Argentina, where he becomes champion of the 50-metre freestyle. Additionally, won 2 more silver in 4×100-metre freestyle and 4×200-metre freestyle, and bronze in the 100-metre freestyle.
He was considered the Brazilian Athlete of the Year in 1995, after winning two gold medals at the 1995 FINA World Swimming Championships (25 m) in Rio de Janeiro, in the 100-metre freestyle and 4×100-metre freestyle, turning two-times World Champion at each one. In the 4×100-metre freestyle, he opened with a time of 47.74 seconds in the heats, and a time of 47.63 seconds in the final (a South American and Championship record). He also won a silver medal in the 50-metre freestyle.
1997 was not followed as above. Problems in the left shoulder and both knees caused after the Olympics, made Scherer stop for 6 months. Scherer was in the 1997 FINA World Swimming Championships (25 m), where he finished 13th in the 100-metre freestyle, and 20th in the 50-metre freestyle.
In August 1998, at New York, Xuxa broke the South American record of 50-metre freestyle with a time of 22.18 seconds, that would only be broken nine years later, in 2007, by César Cielo; and did the same in the 100-metre freestyle, with a time of 48.69 seconds, which took eight years to be broken in 2006, also by Cielo. With that, Scherer got the first place in the world rankings in both events, awarding the title of "World's Best" by Swimworld magazine, and (at the second time), the best Brazilian athlete, by COB. At this time, the world record of 50-metre freestyle was 21.81 seconds, made by Tom Jager, and the 100-metre freestyle was 48.21 seconds, made by Alexander Popov.
The end of 1998 was marked by the third consecutive world record broke by Brazilian relay in the 4×100-metre freestyle, on short course. On December 20, shortly after the end of Jose Finkel Trophy, the quartet formed by Fernando Scherer, Carlos Jayme, Alexandre Massura and Gustavo Borges, in order, fell the pool at Club de Regatas Vasco da Gama and they got the 3:10.45 time, that would only be broken in the year 2000 by the team of Sweden.
In this competition, Scherer had also broken the short-course South American records of the 50-metre freestyle, with 21.44 seconds; 100-metre freestyle, with 47.17 seconds; and the Brazilian record in the 100-metre butterfly, with 53.13 seconds. In the 50-metre freestyle, Scherer was just 0.13 seconds to beat the world record of Mark Foster, 21.31 seconds, obtained a few days before, on December 13. He also came close to the world record in the 100-metre freestyle made by Popov in 1994 (46.74 seconds).
Scherer was also elected Best Swimmer in the World, in 1998, by FINA.
In 1999, he began the year breaking twice, in the same week in March, the South American record of the 50-metre butterfly.
At this year, Scherer had effective participation in Brazil's Swimming best result of all time in the Pan American Games. At the 1999 Pan American Games in Winnipeg, the 4×100-metre medley relay, formed by Alexandre Massura, Marcelo Tomazini, Gustavo Borges and Scherer, won the race for Brazil, for the first time in the Pan's history, with a time of 3:40.27, breaking Pan American and South American records, and secure a place in the 2000 Summer Olympics. He also won the gold in the 50-metre freestyle, 100-metre freestyle, and 4×100-metre freestyle (this, with South American record), being the first Brazilian to win 4 gold medals in the same Pan
This year, Scherer abdicated all competitions only to prepare for the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney. But an accident on the stairs of his house caused him to suffer a sprained ankle, which caused a partial tear of the ligament, a fact that almost took him off the Games. Still, virtually unable to swim – he barely hit leg during the race – Scherer won the bronze in the 4×100-metre freestyle. Also participated in two other tests, ranking 12th in the 4×100-metre medley and 20th in the 50-metre freestyle.
In 2002, Xuxa back to live in Brazil, in São Paulo.
At the 2003 World Aquatics Championships in Barcelona, he broke the South American record of the 50-metre butterfly, which was his own, with a time of 23.86 seconds. He went to the final, finishing in 8th. Also participated in the 50-metre freestyle, where he finished in 23rd place, and in the 4×100-metre freestyle, finishing in 12th place
Scherer went to his third Pan in 2003 Pan American Games, in Santo Domingo, at 29 years of age. In this edition he helped Brazil to get 21 medals in swimming (Brazil's all time record). Won two golds in the 50-metre freestyle (beating the Olympic champion Gary Hall Jr. and world champion José Meolans) and in the 4×100-metre freestyle.
In May, equaled his South American record of 50-metre butterfly: 23.86 seconds.
Already 30 years old, attending the 2005 World Aquatics Championships, in Montreal, Scherer also broke the South American record of the 50-metre butterfly in the semifinals, on July 24, with a time of 23.55 seconds, record that it was only to be beaten in 2009 by César Cielo. He finished 5th in the final. Scherer also got the 24th place in the 50-metre freestyle.
In 2007, Xuxa retires from professional swimming.
Fernando Scherer is the former holder of the following records:
|50m frestyle||22.18||August 1998||South American||Long Course|
|100m freestyle||48.69||August 2, 1998||South American||Long Course|
|50m butterfly||23.55||July 24, 2005||South American||Long Course|
|4×100m freestyle||3:17.18||August 1999||South American||Long Course|
|4×100m medley||3:40.27||August 1999||South American||Long Course|
|50m freestyle||21.44||December 17, 1998||South American||Short Course|
|100m freestyle||47.17||December 19, 1998||South American||Short Course|
|100m butterfly||53.13||December 19, 1998||Brazilian||Short Course|
|4×100m freestyle||3:10.45||December 20, 1998||World||Short Course|
- "Scherer Profile". Fernando Scherer-Official Site. 2012. Retrieved April 8, 2013. (Portuguese)
- "Gustavo Borges' History". Gustavo Borges-Official Site. 2012. Retrieved April 8, 2013. (Portuguese)
- "Borges Profile at Sports Reference". Sports Reference. 2012. Retrieved April 8, 2013.
- "Results at 1994 Rome". USA Swimming. 2013. Retrieved April 11, 2013.
- "Brazil medals at 1995 Pan". UOL. 2007. Retrieved April 8, 2013. (Portuguese)
- HistoFINA, Volumes IIIa (2008 ed) and IIIb (2008 ed). ("HistoFINA" is the FINA's history. Volume III is about the World Short Course Swimming, part "a" has the statistics of the male part "b" of the female.
- "Profile at Sports Reference". Sports Reference. 2012. Retrieved April 8, 2013.
- "Results at 1998 Perth". USA Swimming. 2013. Retrieved April 11, 2013.
- "Xuxa's record falls". CBDA. March 30, 2007. Retrieved April 8, 2013. (Portuguese)
- "Cielo surpasses Xuxa record and is the 4th in the world". CBDA. December 14, 2006. Retrieved April 8, 2013. (Portuguese)
- "Rebeca Record is approved". CBDA. August 22, 2001. Retrieved April 8, 2013. (Portuguese)
- "Scherer's records". Luiz Lima-Official Site. December 20, 1998. Retrieved April 8, 2013. (Portuguese)
- "Brazil medals at 1999 Pan". UOL. 2007. Retrieved April 8, 2013. (Portuguese)
- "Xuxa beats own record and go to the final in Spain". Terra. July 20, 2003. Retrieved April 8, 2013. (Portuguese)
- "Results of the 50-metre butterfly at 2003 Barcelona". OmegaTiming. July 21, 2003. Retrieved April 8, 2013.
- "Results of the 50-metre freestyle at 2003 Barcelona". OmegaTiming. July 25, 2003. Retrieved April 8, 2013.
- "Results of the 4×100-metre freestyle at 2003 Barcelona 2003". OmegaTiming. July 20, 2003. Retrieved April 8, 2013.
- "Brazil medals at 2003 Pan". UOL. 2007. Retrieved April 8, 2013. (Portuguese)
- "Fernando Scherer equals South American record in the 50-metre butterfly". UOL. May 7, 2004. Retrieved April 8, 2013. (Portuguese)
- "Results of the 50-metre butterfly semifinals at 2005 Montreal". OmegaTiming. July 24, 2005. Retrieved April 8, 2013.
- "Cielo in the 50-metre butterfly Final". César Cielo-Official Site. May 7, 2009. Retrieved April 8, 2013. (Portuguese)
- "Xuxa hits record and enters the fight for the podium". CBDA. July 24, 2005. Retrieved April 8, 2013. (Portuguese)
- "Results of the 50-metre butterfly final at 2005 Montreal". OmegaTiming. July 25, 2005. Retrieved April 8, 2013.
- "Results of the 50-metre freestyle at 2005 Montreal". OmegaTiming. July 29, 2005. Retrieved April 8, 2013.
- "Men's Swimming Records". CBDA. 2013. Retrieved May 8, 2013. (Portuguese)
- "Brazilian relay enters the final and the Olympics". CBDA. March 25, 2007. Retrieved May 8, 2013. (Portuguese)
- "Super team hits Winnipeg's record". CBDA. September 9, 2006. Retrieved May 8, 2013. (Portuguese)
- "Delegation grows and animates". CBDA. 21 de dezembro de 2001. Retrieved May 8, 2013. (Portuguese)
- "In 1998, Brazil beat the world record in the 4×100 freestyle relay". Globoesporte. December 21, 1998. Retrieved May 8, 2013. (Portuguese)