Fernando Tambroni

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Fernando Tambroni
Fernando Tambroni-1.jpg
36th
Prime Minister of Italy
In office
25 March 1960 – 26 July 1960
President Giovanni Gronchi
Preceded by Antonio Segni
Succeeded by Amintore Fanfani
Italian Minister of the Interior
In office
6 July 1955 – 15 February 1959
Prime Minister Antonio Segni
Adone Zoli
Amintore Fanfani
Preceded by Mario Scelba
Succeeded by Antonio Segni
Italian Minister of Budget
In office
15 February 1959 – 26 July 1960
Prime Minister Antonio Segni
Himself
Preceded by Giuseppe Medici
Succeeded by Giuseppe Pella
Italian Minister of the Treasury
In office
15 February 1959 – 25 March 1960
Prime Minister Antonio Segni
Preceded by Giulio Andreotti
Succeeded by Paolo Emilio Taviani
Italian Minister of Merchant Navy
In office
17 August 1953 – 6 July 1955
Prime Minister Giuseppe Pella
Amintore Fanfani
Mario Scelba
Preceded by Bernardo Mattarella
Succeeded by Gennaro Cassiani
Personal details
Born 25 November 1901
Ascoli Piceno, The Marches, Italy
Died 18 February 1963(1963-02-18)
Rome, Latium, Italy
Nationality Italian
Political party Italian People's Party
(1919-1923)
National Fascist Party
(1926-1943)
Christian Democracy
(1943-1963)

Fernando Tambroni Armaroli (25 November 1901 – 18 February 1963) was a right-wing[1] Italian politician of the Christian Democratic Party. He was a lawyer, a prominent supporter of law and order policies,[2] and for a brief time in 1960, the 37th Prime Minister of Italy. His role as prime minister is best remembered for the riots which resulted from the possibility that he might look to the Movimento Sociale Italiano for support against the parliamentary left.

Biography[edit]

Tambroni was born in Ascoli Piceno (Marche).

He was a member of the Italian Constituent Assembly and was later elected to the new Italian Chamber of Deputies in 1948-1958. In 1953, he was Minister of Merchant Marine, a position he held under two more governments until 1954. The following year, he was Minister of the Interior under the first government of Antonio Segni, being confirmed under the following ones, led by Adone Zoli and Amintore Fanfani respectively. In 1959, again under Segni, he was Minister of Economy.

In 1960, sponsored by President Giovanni Gronchi, he formed the Tambroni Cabinet and became Prime Minister. Tambroni's politics soon appeared strongly right-wing: having abandoned the alliance with the Italian Socialist Party, he was elected with votes coming also from the post-fascist Italian Social Movement (MSI), the liberals and the monarchists. On 21 May 1960, a street assembly led by the communist leader was stopped by police, with the support of the government. This caused a series of riots.

Later, the Minister of Culture Umberto Tupini censored Federico Fellini's La Dolce Vita and other "shameful films".

The street fights in 1960 at Genoa.

The most controversial decision of his mandate, however, was the permission to MSI to hold its national congress in Genoa, one of the capitals of Italian Resistance against Fascism. This move was considered a further and unacceptable opening to the former Fascists of the doors of the government. On 30 June 1960, a large demonstration summoned by the left-wing CGIL trade union and by other leftist forces in the streets of Genoa was heavily suppressed by the Italian police. Other popular demonstrations in Reggio Emilia, Rome, Palermo, Catania, Licata again saw violent intervention by the police, causing several deaths. Eventually, after grievances coming also from some sectors of Democrazia Cristiana, Tambroni was forced to resign, having been in charge only 116 days.

He died a few years later in Rome due to cardiac arrest.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hilary Partridge (15 October 1998). Italian Politics Today. Manchester University Press. pp. 93–. ISBN 978-0-7190-4944-6. Retrieved 27 September 2013. 
  2. ^ Paul Ginsborg A History of Contemporary Italy: Society and Politics, 1943-1988, pp.256-7

External links[edit]


Political offices
Preceded by
Bernardo Mattarella
Italian Minister of Merchant Navy
1953–1955
Succeeded by
Gennaro Cassiani
Preceded by
Mario Scelba
Italian Minister of the Interior
1955–1959
Succeeded by
Antonio Segni
Preceded by
Giulio Andreotti
Italian Minister of the Treasury
1959–1960
Succeeded by
Paolo Emilio Taviani
Preceded by
Giuseppe Medici
Italian Minister of Budget
1959–1960
Succeeded by
Giuseppe Pella
Preceded by
Antonio Segni
Prime Minister of Italy
1960
Succeeded by
Amintore Fanfani
Italian Chamber of Deputies
Preceded by
None, Parliament re-established
Member of Parliament for The Marches
Legislatures: CA, I, II, III

1946 – 1963
Succeeded by
Title jointly held