Feroz Shah Kotla Ground
- This page is about the cricket ground. For the fortress, see Feroz Shah Kotla.
Feroz Shah Kotla Cricket Stadium
|Location||Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg, Delhi|
|Owner||Delhi District Cricket Association|
|Operator||Delhi District Cricket Association|
|Tenants||Delhi cricket team, Delhi Daredevils|
|First Test||10 Nov – 14 Nov 1948: India v West Indies|
|Last Test||22 March-24 March 2013: India v Australia|
|First ODI||15 Sep 1982: India v Sri Lanka|
|Last ODI||06 Jan 2013: India v Pakistan|
|As of 27 December 2009
Source: Feroz Shah Kotla, Cricinfo
The Feroz Shah Kotla is a cricket ground located at Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg, Delhi. It was established in 1883 and is the second oldest international cricket stadium still functional in India, after the Eden Gardens in Kolkata. It is located close to the 20,000 capacity Ambedkar Stadium, the home of association football club New Delhi Heroes FC.
In the 21st century, the Feroz Shah Kotla is famed for its cauldron-like atmosphere. The vociferous home support has led to a great winning sequence for India in Test matches, and the India national cricket team has been undefeated for over 20 years at this ground.The ground is most famously known for Anil Kumble's 10 wickets in an innings against Pakistan, Sachin Tendulkar's 35th test ton to overcome Sunil Gavaskar to become the batsman with the most international Test centuries, and formerly Gavaskar's 29th test ton to equal Don Bradman's tally of 29 centuries.
The first Test match at this venue was played on 10 November 1948 when India took on the West Indies. Anil Kumble took 10 wickets in an innings on this ground in 1999, only the second time this feat has been achieved in test cricket. It is owned and operated by the DDCA (Delhi District Cricket Association). Since 2008 the stadium has been the home venue of the Delhi Daredevils of the Indian Premier League. The stadium was designed by architects and conservationists Mr Danish Siddiqui and Naval Khanna.
On 27 December 2009, an ODI match between India and Sri Lanka was called off because pitch conditions were classed as unfit to host a match. Based on match referee's report of the match, Kotla, which was scheduled to stage four World Cup matches in 2011, faced strict sanction ranging from a fine to a ban of 12 to 24 months. More than 14 months ban would have meant Kotla's exclusion from 2011 Cricket World Cup. But the ICC decided to ban Kotla for only 12 months, and was one of the venues for the 2011 Cricket World Cup.
Kotla has been one of the most successful hunting ground for Indian cricket team, having won 10 test matches there till date. India's most successful Test ground in terms of victories has been Kotla, where India posted seven successive Test victories from 1993–2007. They, however, drew their last match here against Australia in 2008. India have not lost a single Test in that period, and since the inception of Test matches on this ground, India have only lost 6 of 24 games here.
- Most successful team overall:- India - 10 wins
- Most successful visiting team:- England – 3 wins, West Indies – 2 wins. Of only 6 games won by visiting teams, England have won 3 games here.
- Highest Innings Score : 644/8 by West Indies on 6 February 1959 – India drew with West Indies.
- Lowest Innings Score : 75 all out by India on 25 November 1987 – West Indies beat India by 5 wickets.
- Wins Batting First : 5.
- Wins Bowling First : 12.
- Average Innings Score : 288
- Most Prolific Batsman : Dilip Vengsarkar (671 runs).
- Highest Individual Score : 230* by Bert Sutcliffe v India on 16 December 1955 – India drew with New Zealand.
- Most Successful Bowler : Anil Kumble (58 wickets).
In recent history, Kotla has become synonymous with Anil Kumble, whose favorite haunt as a bowler was this ground, culminating in 63 wickets from 11 games here. Next best was Kapil Dev who took 38 from 14. Kotla not only marked Kumble's last Test, it also was the venue to the historic ten-wickets in an innings haul of 10/74 against arch-rivals Pakistan in 1999. Earlier in the year Kumble exited Test career, in 2009, Kotla entered an international test ban for one year because of the unprepared pitch. This occurred during a ODI match between India and Sri Lanka.
In 1952, playing against Pakistan, Hemu Adhikari and Ghulam Ahmed were involved in a record tenth wicket stand of 109 runs – a record that still stands. In 1965, S Venkataraghavan, in his debut series, demolished the New Zealand line up with figures of 8 for 72 and 4 for 80. In 1969–70, Bishen Singh Bedi and Erapalli Prasanna combined to spin India to a famous seven wicket win over Australia, the duo picking 18 wickets between themselves.
England's John Lever had a memorable debut at the Kotla in 1976, when he notched up a half-century and had match figures of 10 for 70. Five years later, Geoff Boycott surpassed Gary Sobers' world record Test aggregate. In 1983–84, Sunil Gavaskar scored his 29th century to equal Don Bradman's long standing record for the highest number of hundreds in Test cricket. In 1999–2000, in a match against Pakistan, Anil Kumble took 10 for 74 in fourth inning of a Test Match and became the second person to take 10 wickets in an innings after Jim Laker. In 2005–06, at the same ground, Sachin Tendulkar broke Gavaskar's record of most centuries with his 35th Test century.
The highest test score on this ground is by West Indies, who scored 644–8 in 1959 and 631 all out in 1948. The next highest score was made by India scoring 613–7 in 2008. The most runs scored here is by Dilip Vengsarkar (673 runs), followed by Sunil Gavaskar (668 runs) and Sachin Tendulkar (643 runs). The most wickets taken here is by Anil Kumble (58 wickets), followed by Kapil Dev (32 wickets)and Bhagwath Chandresekhar (23 wickets).
The highest ODI score too here is made by West Indies, who scored 330–8 in the 2011 Cicket World Cup. The next highest score is made by Pakistan who scored 303–8 in 2005 and Australia who scored 294–3 in 1998.
The most ODI runs scored here is by Sachin Tendulkar (300 runs), followed by Mohammed Azharuddin (267 runs) and Ricky Ponting (245 runs). Kemar Roach, Harbhajan Singh and Ajit Agarkar have taken 7 wickets on this ground in ODIs.
Cricket World Cup
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Feroz Shah Kotla Ground.|
- Feroz Shah Kotla Stadium Layout
- Feroz Shah Kotla Stadium picture
- Feroz Shah Kotla Notable Events
- Commonwealth Games News
- Article on the ground from The Hindu
- Stats on the ground from Cricinfo
- Report on Feroz Shah Kotla compiled by students of School and Planning & Architecture, New Delhi