Firozpur

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This article is about the municipality in Punjab, India. For its namesake district, see Firozpur district.
Firozpur
ਫਿਰੋਜ਼ਪੁਰ फिरोज़पुर
city
Nickname(s): ‘ the land of martyrs ’
Punjab
Firozpur
Firozpur
Location in Punjab, India
Coordinates: 30°55′00″N 74°36′00″E / 30.9166°N 74.6°E / 30.9166; 74.6Coordinates: 30°55′00″N 74°36′00″E / 30.9166°N 74.6°E / 30.9166; 74.6
Country  India
State Punjab
District Firozpur
Founded by Firuz Shah Tughlaq
Government
 • Deputy Commissioner D.P.S. Kharbanda
Elevation 182 m (597 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 110,091
Demonym Firozpuri
Languages
 • Official Punjabi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 152001
Area code(s) 91-1632
Vehicle registration PB 05
Website ferozepur.nic.in

Firozpur (Punjabi: ਫਿਰੋਜ਼ਪੁਰ; Hindi: फिरोज़पुर) is a city on the banks of the Sutlej River in Firozpur District, Punjab, India. It lies in Malwa region of Punjab. It was founded by Sultan Firoz Shah Tughlaq (1309–88), a Muslim ruler of the Tughlaq Dynasty, who reigned over the Sultanate of Delhi from 1351 to 1388. However, The Manj Rajputs believe that the town was named after one of their chiefs, a Rajput of the Bhatti clan called Feroze Khan, in the middle of the 16th century.[1] Firozpur is called ‘the land of martyrs’.[2]

Firozpur today is an administrative and transportation center. After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, it became a border town on the Indo-Pakistan border with memorials of India's freedom fighters.[3]

Firozpur also holds a historic place in Indian history as it was from here that British Raj established control over much of North-West India as well as what is now Pakistan through the Anglo-Sikh Wars that were fought in this region. Today it is the headquarters of a division of the Western Command of the Indian Army. Shaheed Bhagat Singh College of Engineering and Technology is located at Moga road in Firozpur. It is a government Engg. College and has an excellent reputation.[4] Firozpur Cantonment is adjacent to and south of the city; during British times it was one of the largest cantonments in the country.

Firozpur has easy access by road and rail to other places such as Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar, Delhi, and Chandigarh; the city is a center of numerous holy shrines and historic places. At the nearby city of Zira, is located a Jain Shwetambar Temple with ancient brass icons and wall murals.

In addition to cotton and grain cultivation and agriculture-related services, Firozpur has some light manufacturing. Commercial progress has been restricted by its vicinity to the border with Pakistan. Normalizing relations between the two nuclear nations promises to raise the city's profile as a potential trade hub. Firozpur is the oldest British district of the Punjab, established in 1833 as district headquarters even well before Ludhiana and Amritsar became districts. Firozpur district, even after the independence of Pakistan in 1947, included many areas which were later re-organised to be a part of the Faridkot, Moga, Muktsar, Bathinda and Fazilka Districts. The per hectare wheat yields of this district are comparable to the best in the world and they matched wheat yields per hectare of Ontario Province in Canada.

Location[edit]

Firozpur city is to the South-West of Amritsar city and located some 109 km from Amritsar. Another nearby city to the North of Firozpur is Tarn Taran. To the East is Ludhiana about 120 km away. In the West it has Kasur and Lahore in Pakistan across the International Border at Hussainiwala/Ganda Singh Wala. Other nearby cities include Fazilka and Abohar located 85km and 120 km respectively to the South-West of Firozpur. To the North-East of Firozpur are the towns of Nakodar, Kapurthala and Jalandhar (120 km away). The cities of Muktsar and Faridkot are to the South of Firozpur.

Important distances from the city of Firozpur:

Climate[edit]

The climate of the Firozpur District is, on the whole, dry and is characterized by a very hot summer, a short rainy season and a bracing winter. The year may be divided into four seasons. The cold season is from November to March. This is followed by the summer season which lasts up to about the end of June. The period from July to the middle of September constitutes the south-westerly monsoon season. The latter half of September and October may be termed the post-monsoon or the transition period.

Climate data for Firozpur
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 19
(66)
21
(69)
26
(78)
34
(94)
38
(101)
39
(103)
34
(94)
33
(91)
33
(92)
32
(89)
26
(79)
21
(69)
29.7
(85.4)
Average low °C (°F) 7
(44)
8
(47)
13
(55)
18
(65)
23
(73)
26
(79)
26
(79)
24
(76)
23
(74)
17
(63)
11
(52)
7
(45)
16.9
(62.7)
Precipitation mm (inches) 20.3
(0.80)
38.1
(1.50)
30.5
(1.20)
20.3
(0.80)
20.3
(0.80)
61
(2.40)
228.6
(9.00)
188
(7.40)
86.4
(3.40)
5.1
(0.20)
12.7
(0.50)
20.3
(0.80)
731.6
(28.8)
Source: [5]

Demographics[edit]

As per provisional data of 2011 census, Firozpur had a population of 110,091, out of which males were 58,401 and females were 51,690. The literacy rate was 79.75 per cent.[6]

According to the 2001 Indian census,[7] Firozpur had a population of 95,451, which increased from 78,738 in 1991. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Firozpur has an average literacy rate of 71%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 73%, and female literacy is 68%. In Firozpur, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Education[edit]

Following are the lists for schools and colleges for studying in the Firozpur.

Schools[edit]

  • D.C Model School
  • D.C Model International School
  • R.S.D Raj Ratan Public School
  • St.Joseph Convent School
  • H.M Hr.Sec.School
  • H.M D.A.V School
  • Guru Ram Dass Public School
  • Hindu Girls School
  • Arun Jyoti School
  • S.D.School(Rani Ka Talab)
  • Manav Mandir Sr. Sec School
  • M.L.M School
  • Sikh Kanya Maha Vidyala
  • Army Public School
  • Kendriya Vidyalayas (1 & 2)

Colleges[edit]

  • Shaheed Bhagat Singh College of Engg.& Tech.
  • Govt.Polytechnic College
  • I.T.I
  • Ferozepur College of Engineering and Technology
  • R.S.D College
  • D.A.V College for Women
  • Dev Samaj College for Women
  • DIET College
  • Frances Newton Hospital School of Nursing

Hospitals[edit]

  • Francis Newton (Mission) Hospital
  • Amar Hospital
  • Railway Hospital
  • Cantonment Hospital
  • Aarti Hospital
  • Sheel Hospital
  • General hospital of Army
  • Sandhu Hospital

Transport[edit]

By Air[edit]

The nearest International Airport from the city is Sri Guru Ram Das Jee International Airport, Amritsar, roughly 2 hr drive from Firozpur. The airport is connected to other parts of the country by regular flights. Several airlines operate flights from abroad, including Birmingham, Dubai and Doha. The airport now handles as many as forty-eight (48) flights every week up from the occasional, intermittent ones some years ago. The second nearest International Airport is Indira Gandhi International Airport, New Delhi, roughly 5 hr drive from the city. The govt. is planning to construct airport in Firozpur.

By Rail[edit]

There are two railway stations located in Firozpur. The Firozpur Cantonment Railway Station is the major Railway Station located in the cantonment place of Firozpur and is connected with the cities such as Mumbai, Ahmedabad, Jammu etc. Firozpur Cantonment railway station is served by three railway lines - Ludhiana-Fazilka line, Delhi-Firozpur line and Jalandhar-Firozpur line.The Firozpur division is headed by Divisional Railway Manager (DRM). The history of Firozpur Division is almost as old as of the Indian Railways. The first Railway line of the area, from Amritsar to Atari, was opened in April, 1862. The Division, with a route kilometerage of 1550 including 164 kms of narrow gauge and 235 stations caters to the Rail Transport needs of Punjab, Jammu and Kashmir and a part of Himachal Pradesh. Firozpur Division serves a large number of industrial and important towns like Amritsar, Jalandhar, Hoshiarpur, Ludhiana, Firozpur and Kapurthala in Punjab and Kangra, Palampur, Baijnath Paprola and Joginder Nagar in Himachal Pradesh. Jammu Tawi is a n another important station on the Division which acts as a gateway to a large number of tourists and pilgrims visiting the scenic Kashmir Valley and the holy shrine of Vaishno Devi.Firozpur is also an important Division for freight traffic the main commodities loaded been food grains, Petroleum Products, Cotton, Machinery and Components. Inward traffic comprises Iron and Steel, Fertilizer, Coal, Petroleum Products and Cement.

By Road[edit]

Firozpur is connected to chandigarh via ludhiana through NH 95. NH 15 passes through Zira which is very close to Firozpur. Firozpur is connected to Faridkot via SH 15. Firozpur is connected to Fazilka-Abohar via SH 20. SH 19 passes through Makhu which is very close to Firozpur. Firozpur is 98 km from Bathinda, 109 km from Kapurthala, 116 km from Amritsar, 124 km from Jalandhar, 125 km from Ludhiana and 222 km from Chandigarh etc. It is well connected with these cities through buses of Punjab Roadways, Pepsu Road Transport Corporation (PRTC) & other private operated buses.

Notable people[edit]

  • Ronjan Sodhi, is an Indian trap shooter. He won two silver medals at the 2010 Commonwealth Games and a gold medal at the 2010 Asian Games . In 2011, he became first Indian to successfully defend a World Cup title. He is also a recipient of the Arjuna Award and Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna award (2013). He is currently ranked No. 1 in International Shooting Sport Federation (ISSF) world rankings
  • Gagan Ajit Singh, is a field hockey striker from India, whose father Ajit Singh played for the national team at the 1972 and 1976 Summer Olympics
  • Preet Bharara, is an Indian American attorney and the U.S. Attorney for the Southern District of New York.[1] In 2012, Bharara was named by Time magazine as one of "The 100 Most Influential People in the World," and by India Abroad as its 2011 Person of the Year
  • Verma Malik, was a Bollywood lyricist. He was an active freedom fighter during the British Raj. He wrote many patriotic songs and lived in India after partition. He wrote Bhajan and recited them immediately prior to penning lyrics for films. Hansraj Behl helped him in the beginning of his career. His first big break was as Yadgar in the 1970 film by Manoj Kumar. He is known for the song 'Ek Tara Bole'
  • Prabhleen Sandhu, is an Punjabi film actress who rose to fame with the Indian soap on periodic freedom struggle on COLORS Mohe Rang De as Kranti, dons a different look and role in Zee's new show, Aapki Antara as Vidya, a middle class wife, who has trouble adjusting with her husband's "illegitimate" child
  • Annie Gill, is an Indian television actress. She entered in television with as a game partner of Rahul Bose in reality show Khatron Ke Khiladi season 3. After she made her career with reality show Zor Ka Jhatka: Total Wipeout as Contestant. In 2012, She was approached in teen drama show Friendship Baazi as Anjie. Her first major role was in Anamika as Rano. She has done episodics in Confessions of an Indian Teenager and Savdhaan India @ 11. She was last seen in Anamika as Rano.
  • Manavjit Singh Sandhu, is an Indian sport shooter who specializes in trap shooting. He is a Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Awardee 2006 and Arjuna Awardee 1998.He is a 3 time Olympian, having represented India at the 2004 Athens Olympic Games, 2008 Beijing Olympic Games and the 2012 London Olympic Games. He is former World No.1 ranked Trap Shooter
  • Pt Balmukand Sharma, Former Cabinet Minister,Elected five times M.L.A i.e.1969,72,80,85&92
  • Sher Singh Ghubaya, is a member of the Lok Sabha, lower house of the Parliament of India
  • Zora Singh Maan, is a member of the 14th Lok Sabha of India
  • Ramesh Kumar Nibhoria, Entrepreneur and creator of biomass cook stove
  • Narain Chand Parashar, was an Indian professor,linguist and writer
  • Ganda Singh, was a prominent member of the Ghadar Party
  • Susham Bedi, is a leading South Asian (Indian) author of novels, short stories and poetry residing in U.S.
  • Sunaina Serna Ahluwalia, is an author, photographer and communications consultant residing in Oman

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "tribuneindia... Regional Vignettes". Tribuneindia.com. Retrieved May 2013. 
  2. ^ "tribuneindia... Regional Vignettes". Tribuneindia.com. Retrieved May 2013. 
  3. ^ "Firozpur". Info Punjab. Retrieved 2006-10-14. 
  4. ^ "Firozpur". Classic Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2006-10-18. 
  5. ^ "Average Weather for Firozpur - Temperature and Precipitation". The Weather Channel. Retrieved February 25, 2008. 
  6. ^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above". Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2012-07-07. 
  7. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 

References[edit]

  • Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Ferozepur". Encyclopædia Britannica 10 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 

External links[edit]