Ferrari 365

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Ferrari 365
Overview
Manufacturer Ferrari
Production 1966–1970
Body and chassis
Class Sports car
Grand tourer
Layout FR layout
Powertrain
Engine 4.4 L Colombo V12
See also Ferrari 365 GT4 2+2 & Ferrari 365 GTC/4 for later 2+2 models, and Ferrari Daytona for the 365 GTB/4 & GTS/4

The Ferrari 365 was Ferrari's large FR layout grand tourer and 2+2 line. Introduced at the 1966 Geneva Motor Show, it replaced the 330 and 500 Superfast.

365 California[edit]

365 California
Overview
Production 1966–1967
14 produced
Designer Tom Tjaarda at Pininfarina[1]
Body and chassis
Body style convertible
Powertrain
Engine 4.4 L Colombo Tipo 217B V12
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,650 mm (104 in)
Length 4,900 mm (193 in)
Width 1,780 mm (70 in)
Height 1,330 mm (52 in)
Curb weight 1,320 kg (2,910 lb)

The 365 California replaced the 500 Superfast for 1966. It was the first 365 model, with its 4.4 L (4390 cc/267 in³) V12 based on the 330's 4.0 L Colombo unit but with an 81 mm bore. The 365 California used the same chassis as the 500 Superfast but with an evolutionary cabriolet body by Pininfarina. Debuting at the Geneva Motor Show in 1966, just 14 examples were produced (including 2 in right hand drive) before production ended in 1967. Whilst the prototype was built on a 330 GT 2+2 type 571 chassis, production cars featured type 598 chassis. Chassis' were sent to Pininfarina's Grugliasco plant to be bodied and trimmed which were later returned to Ferrari for fitment of the mechanical components. It was presented at the 1966 Geneva Salon.

On 28 June 2005, a pristine 365 California sold for €736,000 (US$890,000).

365 GT 2+2[edit]

365 GT 2+2
1968 Ferrari 365 GT 2+2 fL.jpg
Overview
Production 1968–1970
800 produced
Designer Aldo Brovarone at Pininfarina
Body and chassis
Body style 2+2 Coupé
Chronology
Predecessor Ferrari 330 GT 2+2
Successor Ferrari 365 GTC/4

The most popular 365 model was 1968's 365 GT 2+2, replacing the 330 GT 2+2. Like the car it replaced, the GT 2+2 had independent rear suspension rather than the live axle of the 365 California.

The 365 GT 2+2 was a luxurious car with leather seats, power steering and brakes, electric windows, and optional air conditioning. It quickly became the company's top-selling model with about 800 produced in four years, 52 of which were right hand drive. When leaving the factory the 365 GT 2+2 originally fitted Pirelli Cinturato 205VR15 tyres (CN72).

365 GTC/GTS[edit]

365 GTC
Ferrari 365 GTC front 20020707.jpg
Overview
Production 1968–1970
GTC: 168 produced
GTS: 20 produced
Body and chassis
Body style GTC: 2-seat Coupé
GTS: 2-seat Spider
Layout FR layout
Powertrain
Engine 4.4 L Colombo V12
3 Weber twin-choke 40 DFI carbs [2]
Transmission 5-speed manual all-synchromesh[2]
Dimensions
Wheelbase 94.5 in (2,400 mm)[2]
Length 177 in (4,496 mm)[2]
Width 66 in (1,676 mm)[2]
Height 50.5 in (1,283 mm)[2]
Curb weight 3,198 lb (1,451 kg)[2]
Chronology
Predecessor GTC: Ferrari 330 GTC
GTS: Ferrari 330 GTS
Successor GTC: Ferrari 365 GTC/4
GTS: Ferrari 365 GTS/4

The 330 GTC and GTS were replaced in 1968 by the 365 GTC and GTS. It was essentially a re-engine of the 330 GTC/GTS, with the engine increasing from 4.0 liters and 300 horsepower to 4.4 liters and 320 horsepower.[3] The styling remained almost unchanged: on both body styles differences were limited to vents moved from behind the front wheels to the bonnet.

Integrating the gearbox with the final drive gave these cars a balanced 50:50 weight distribution. The 365 GTC and GTS retained the independent rear suspension, employing coil springs and wishbones, of its immediate predecessor, though this was a relatively recent departure for Ferrari. Brakes were servo-assisted discs all-round with a split circuit system.[2]

150 examples of the coupé were built (including 22 in right hand drive) between the 1968 and 1970. It was replaced by the Ferrari 365 GTC/4. Just 20 spiders were built before its place was assumed by the 365 GTB/4-based Daytona Spider.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Cars by Tom Tjaarda". tom-tjaarda.net. Retrieved 2013-06-11. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h "Autotest: Ferrari 365 GTC 4,390 c.c. Classic Italian thorough-bred. Superb V12 engine, electric performance, light brakes, excellent gearbox. Good ride. Handling better on dry roads than wet. Comfortable two seater, but needs better heating and ventilating system. In its class, a worthy machine.". Autocar. 130. (nbr3824): 10–15. 29 May 1969. 
  3. ^ Ahlgrim, Steve (December 2013). "1969 Ferrari 365 GTC". Sports Car Market 25 (12): 50–51.