Ferrari 400

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See also the Ferrari 400 Superamerica
Ferrari 400/412
Ferrari 400.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Ferrari
Production 1976–1989
2,383 produced in total
Designer Pininfarina
Body and chassis
Class front-engined 2+2
Chronology
Predecessor Ferrari 365 GT4 2+2
Successor Ferrari 456

The Ferrari 400 and Ferrari 412 (Type F101) are front-engined 2+2 coupé cars from Italian manufacturer Ferrari. They were available with 5-speed all synchromesh or an optional 3-speed automatic transmission unit from General Motors. Their design was derived from the almost identical looking 365 GT4 2+2 (which itself was based on the famous Daytona). Production began in 1976, when Ferrari revealed its first car fitted with an automatic transmission - the 400 - at the Paris Motorshow of 1976. The improved 412 was introduced in 1985 and phased out in 1989, bringing to an end Ferrari's longest ever production series. Today, its sleek, Pininfarina-designed lines and relatively limited production numbers have made many enthusiasts consider it a classic. It has not been universally admired however, and is listed at #18 in the BBC's book of "Crap Cars" and Jeremy Clarkson on Top Gear described it as "awful in every way".[1] However, there have been many other favorable articles about the 400 series in the motoring press, including one by the highly respected UK motoring journalist L.J.K. Setright in CAR magazine in August 1984, in which the author described it as "one of the few most beautiful, and one of the two most elegant, bodies ever to leave the lead of Pininfarina's pencilling vision".

Although the incorporation of an automatic transmission, and U.S. emissions compliance, indicate it may have been designed for the American market, no version of the 400 series was ever officially imported to the USA. Despite this, many have been brought to America as gray imports.

A 400iA was used in the 1988 movie Rain Man, starring Tom Cruise and Dustin Hoffman, and a de-badged 412 was featured in Daft Punk's 2007 movie Electroma. The 2002 biopic Callas Forever also had a 400.

400 (Automatic) & 400 GT[edit]

400
Overview
Production 1976–1979
147 (GT) & 355 (A) produced
Body and chassis
Body style 2+2 Coupé
Powertrain
Engine 4.8 L V12 340hp[2]

The 400 Automatic or 400A used the General Motors Turbo-Hydramatic THM400 automatic transmission, whilst the 400 GT uses a five-speed all synchromesh transmission. This was the first Ferrari to have an automatic transmission.[2] Other changes compared to the 365 GT/4 include five-stud wheels to replace the knock-off hubs, a revised interior, the addition of a lip to the front spoiler, and four rear lamps instead of six. A total of 502 examples were produced (355 automatics and 147 manuals).

The engine, based on the Daytona's 4,390 cc (4.39 L; 268 cu in), is a 4,823 cc (4.8 L; 294.3 cu in) V12 producing 340 PS (250 kW); front mounted and driving the rear wheels. The traditional GT car layout allowed Ferrari to fit four seats into the stylish coupé. 0-60 mph takes 7.1 seconds.[2]

Various coachbuilders, such as Straman, offered convertible conversions of the 400 series. Switzerland's Felber also showed a shooting brake version on 400 GT basis called the "Felber Croisette" at the 1981 Geneva Salon.[3]

400i & 400i GT[edit]

400i
Overview
Production 1979–1985
422 (GT) & 883 (A) produced
Body and chassis
Body style 2+2 Coupé
Powertrain
Engine 4.8 L FI V12 310hp
Ferrari 400i in London

The carburetors on the 400 were replaced with Bosch K-Jetronic fuel injection in 1979.[4] As in the smaller 308i, power was down to 310 PS (228 kW), but emissions were much improved. Top speed is 240 km/h (149 mph).[4] In 1983, the 400i was updated to include a significantly revised interior, particularly in respect of the switchgear, which was now electronic, the front fog/driving lamps were exposed in the grille, the rear panel was now body-colored (as opposed to matte black on the 400/series 1 400i), and power was increased to 315 PS (232 kW). A total of 1305 examples were produced (883 automatic/422 manual).

412 & 412 GT[edit]

412
1988 Ferrari 412 front.jpg
Overview
Production 1985–1989
270 (GT) & 306 (A) produced
Body and chassis
Body style 2+2 Coupé
Powertrain
Engine 4.9 L F101E FI V12 340hp
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,700 mm (106.3 in)
Length 4,810 mm (189 in)
Width 1,798 mm (70.8 in)
Height 1,314 mm (51.7 in)
Curb weight 1,805 kg (3,979 lb)-1,810 kg (3,990 lb)

For 1985, further improvements were made to the series, with an increase in displacement to 4,943 cc (4.9 L; 301.6 cu in), hence the name change to 412 (the cubic capacity of each cylinder), and a restoration of the carburetored car's 340 PS (250 kW). ABS was offered for the first time on a Ferrari; the manual and automatic transmissions were both retained. Other changes included raising the rear deck slightly, a new rear valance incorporating the exhaust tips and fog lights, a deeper front spoiler, body-colored bumpers, and flat-faced wheels fitted with TRX tires. A total of 576 examples were produced.

Production was stopped in 1989 with only the mid-engined Mondial offering 2+2 seating. The classic front-engine layout returned in 1992 with the 456.

References[edit]

  1. ^ BBC Top Gear. Season 15 Episode 6
  2. ^ a b c Willson, Quentin (1995). The Ultimate Classic Car Book. DK Publishing, Inc. ISBN 0-7894-0159-2. 
  3. ^ Freund, Klaus, ed. (August 1981). Auto Katalog 1982 (in German) 25. Stuttgart: Vereinigte Motor-Verlage GmbH & Co. KG. p. 138. 
  4. ^ a b Auto Katalog 1982, p. 101
  • Buckley, Martin & Rees, Chris (1998). World Encyclopedia of Cars. London: Anness Publishing. ISBN 1-84038-083-7.