Ferrari 458 Italia
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The Ferrari 458 Italia is a mid-engined super car produced by the Italian sports car manufacturer Ferrari. The 458 Italia replaces the Ferrari F430. The 458 Italia was officially unveiled at the 2009 Frankfurt Motor Show on 15 September 2009.
- 1 Specifications
- 2 Design
- 3 458 Challenge
- 4 458 Spider
- 5 458 Italia special edition (2012)
- 6 Ferrari SP12 EC (2012)
- 7 Pininfarina Sergio (2013)
- 8 458 Speciale (2013-)
- 9 Recall
- 10 Racing
- 11 Awards
- 12 Marketing
- 13 Illicit trade practices investigation
- 14 Forza Motorsport 4
- 15 References
- 16 External links
In Ferrari's first official announcement of the car, the 458 Italia was described as the successor to the F430 but arising from an entirely new design, incorporating technologies developed from the company's experience in Formula 1.
The 458 Italia is powered by a 4.5 L (270 cu in) V8 engine derived from a shared Ferrari/Maserati design, producing 570 PS (419 kW; 562 hp) at 9,000 rpm (redline) and 540 N·m (398 lb·ft) at 6,000 rpm with 80% torque available at 3,250 rpm. The engine features direct fuel injection, which is a first for Ferrari mid-engine setups in its road cars.
At 127PS/L the 458 held the title of highest specific output naturally-aspirated petrol engine ever in a production road car. The 458 Speciale raised this record to 134PS/L.
The only transmission available on the 458 is a dual-clutch 7-speed GETRAG gearbox, in a different state of tune shared with the Mercedes-Benz SLS AMG. There is no traditional manual option, making this the fourth road-car after the Enzo, Challenge Stradale and 430 Scuderia not to be offered with Ferrari's classic gated manual. It is the first mainstream model to not be offered with a manual transmission.
The car's suspension features double wishbones at the front and a multi-link set-up at the rear, coupled with E-Diff and F1-Trac traction control systems, designed to improve the car's cornering and longitudinal acceleration by 32% when compared with its predecessors.
The brakes include a prefill function whereby the pistons in the calipers move the pads into contact with the discs on lift off to minimize delay in the brakes being applied. This combined with the ABS has reduced 100–0 km/h (62-0 mph) braking distance to 32.5 metres (107 ft).
Ferrari's official 0-100 km/h (62 mph) acceleration is 3.3 seconds, while top speed is 325 km/h (202 mph). It has fuel consumption in combined cycle (ECE+EUDC) of 13.3 L/100 km (21.2 mpg-imp; 17.7 mpg-US) while producing 307g/km of CO2.
The body was designed by Pininfarina, as with all recent Ferrari models. The car’s exterior styling and features were designed for aerodynamic efficiency, producing a downforce of 140 kg (309 lb) at 124 miles per hour (200 km/h). In particular, the front grille features deformable winglets that lower at high speeds, in order to offer reduced drag and increased downforce. The car's interior was designed using input from former Ferrari Formula 1 driver Michael Schumacher, including a new steering wheel design which incorporates many features and controls as opposed to their being on the dashboard, similar to racing car designs.
According to British car magazine Autocar, the 458 Italia's design has drawn inspiration from the Enzo Ferrari and its Millechili concept car. It has been designed to be Ferrari's sportiest V8-engined car, to distinguish itself from the recently launched Ferrari California.
The 458 was also reviewed on 15th season of Top Gear, where it received acclaim for its styling and performance. In a drag race against a Ferrari F430, it won by a considerable margin. The car also lapped the Top Gear test track in 1:19.1, just 0.1 seconds slower than the Ferrari Enzo.
The 458 Challenge was presented at the Ferrari Annual Dealer Meeting on 14 July 2010. Ferrari says their newest Ferrari Challenge racer can lap the Fiorano test track in 1:16.5, which is two seconds faster than its F430 Challenge predecessor and only 0.2 seconds slower than the Ferrari FXX. Weight was reduced from the standard model through the use of thinner body panels, carbon fiber replacement panels, and polycarbonate windows and windshield. The differences over the regular road legal 458 include a racing cockpit, windows which only open through small slots. Air-jack mounting on the rear to lift the car up, racing fuel filler cap and racing rims, as well as hooks on the front and rear to drag the car out of the sandtraps.
Ferrari unveiled the 458 Spider at the 2011 Frankfurt Motor Show. This convertible variant of the 458 Italia features an aluminium retractable hardtop which, according to Ferrari, weighs 25 kilograms (55 lb) less than a soft roof such as the one found on the Ferrari F430 Spider, and can be retracted in 14 seconds. The engine cover has been redesigned to accommodate the retractable roof system. Ferrari plans to make 1,500-2,000 458 Spiders every year. It has the same 0-100 km/h time as the hard-top but has a lower top speed 199 mph (320 km/h).
458 Italia special edition (2012)
It is a limited (20 units) version of 458 Italia for Chinese market, commemorating 20th anniversary of Ferrari in China since the first Ferrari, a 348 TS, was ordered in Beijing. It included Marco Polo Red body colour, golden dragon on the front bonnet, gold and black livery stripes symbolising a racing track, gold wheel rims, gold aeroelastic winglets, gold embroidery on the car's head rests, engine start button inscribed with the simplified Chinese characters for 'start', a '20th Anniversary Special Edition' plaque in dash.
Ferrari SP12 EC (2012)
It is a version of 458 Italia built for English musician Eric Clapton, produced under the Ferrari's One-Off Programme. Designed by the Centro Stile Ferrari in collaboration with Pininfarina and the engineers from Maranello, the SP12 EC was created as homage to Clapton's career and his long lasting experience as a Ferrari owner. It includes styling details of the Ferrari 512 BB.
The vehicle was unveiled in 2013 Goodwood Festival of Speed.
Pininfarina Sergio (2013)
It is a concept car created to celebrate the Life Senator Sergio Pininfarina, based on Ferrari 458 Spider. Designed by Pininfarina, it is a modern interpretation of the 2-seater barchetta. Other features include red exterior body colour, black interior, light bar headlights with LEDs embedded in plexiglass, matching helmets.
458 Speciale (2013-)
It is a version of 458 Italia with increased engine power to 605CV (597 bhp) at 9000 rpm with a torque of 540Nm at 6000 rpm, active aerodynamics designed by Ferrari Styling Centre in cooperation with Pininfarina (front and rear movable aerodynamics which balance downforce and cut drag), side slip angle control system (SSC) to improve car control on the limit. SSC performs instant-to-instant analysis of the car’s side slip, comparing it with the target value and then optimising both torque management (via integration with F1-Trac traction control) and torque distribution between the two wheels (via integration with the E-Diff electronic differential). The weight/power ratio (weighs 1,290 kg, 90 less than the standard 458) is equal to 2.13 kg/cv, sprints from 0 to 60 mph in less than three seconds (0-125 mph in 9.1 seconds with a response time of just 0.060 seconds). Tested at the Fiorano track, achieves a time of 1:23.5, only 0.5 seconds slower than the F12berlinetta. Lateral acceleration now reaches 1.33 g.
Wheel-arch adhesive fires
On the 24th August 2010, BBC News reported that ten 458s had either crashed or caught fire in just three months. Ferrari responded later that it was aware of the fire-related cases, and was in the process of investigating them.
On September 1, 2010 Ferrari officially recalled all 1,248 of the 458s sold to date. A spokesman commented that the problem had been traced to adhesive used in the wheel-arch assemblies and that, in certain circumstances, the glue could begin to overheat, smoke and even catch fire. In extreme cases the melting adhesive could lead to the heat shield deforming, and hence moving closer to the exhaust, causing the wheel-arch lining to catch fire. Owners who had reported fires, that were later confirmed by independent engineers to be due to this problem, will now receive a new car. All other cars will be modified replacing the adhesive with mechanical fasteners.
In 2012, Ferrari recalled certain 2011 and 2012 cars because the engine can freeze suddenly and possibly cause a crash. The F136 engines have crankshafts that were machined incorrectly. The automaker learned of one such incident from a review car lent to critics. Owners can choose from having a new engine installed by their dealer, having the engine removed and the work done by Ferrari North America or having a new crankshaft and bearings installed at the dealership.
|Suspension (front)||Double wishbone|
|Axle track||Front: 1,720 mm (67.7 in),
Rear: 1,688 mm (66.5 in)
|Wheelbase||2,650 mm (104.3 in)|
|Engine||Ferrari F142 4,497 cc (274.4 cu in) V8 Naturally aspirated mid-engined, longitudinally mounted|
|Transmission||Hewland 6-speed sequential manual|
|Weight||1,245 kg (2,745 lb)|
|Tyres||Michelin, Pirelli, Dunlop, Hankook Tire|
|Notable entrants|| AF Corse,
Extreme Speed Motorsports,
|Notable drivers|| Toni Vilander,
|Debut||2011 12 Hours of Sebring|
458 Italia GT2
Ferrari unveiled their new GTE class racer for the 2011 races sanctioned by the ACO. The 458 GT2 drops the "flex splitter" found in the road cars and replaced with a more conventional inlet, with the air exit out through louvers in the bonnet. Under new restrictor regulations, the 4.5L engine produces 464 hp (346 kW; 470 PS), which is less than the road car and the 458 Challenge. Unlike the road car, which has a high-revving low-torque engine, the GT2 version only revs to 6,250 rpm but maintains a close-to-stock torque number even with the horsepower loss. The double-clutch gearbox had to be replaced but paddle-shifting is retained since rules in 2011 allow them. Ferrari 458 GT2s compete in the American Le Mans Series, FIA World Endurance Championship and European Le Mans Series.
So far, the 458 Italia GT2 has had an excellent racing record. The car has finished 2nd in the 2011 24 Hours of Le Mans, 1st at the 2011 Petit Le Mans, 3rd at the 2012 12 Hours of Sebring, and has won both the 2011 Intercontinental Le Mans Cup and the 2011 Le Mans Series. AF Corse 458 Italia GT2 driven by Giancarlo Fisichella, Gianmaria Bruni, Toni Vilander won 2012 24 Hours of Le Mans in LMGTE Pro category. It was also entered as a GT300 car in the 2011 Super GT season.
458 Italia GT3
Ferrari also unveiled a GT3 version of the Ferrari 458 Italia in 2011. The car is slightly lighter and more powerful than the GT2 version, producing closer to 550 HP and running all the way to a 9000 rpm redline. The engine thus performs more similarly to that of the road car than the GT2 version. The aerodynamics of the car are also slightly different due to different aero regulations. The 458 Italia GT3 is involved in numerous racing series including the FIA GT3 European Championship, FIA GT1 World Championship, Blancpain Endurance Series, International GT Open, and numerous other national GT3 championships. The car won the 2011 FIA GT3 European Championship by the team AF Corse and the GT Asia Series by Clearwater Racing of Singapore.
458 Italia Grand-Am
In 2012, Ferrari developed a modified version of the 458 GT3 for Grand-Am. The car weighs the same but produces less downforce than the GT3 car; the engine is also restricted more heavily, producing roughly 500 hp (373 kW) and having an 8000 rpm redline. Instead of a dual-clutch transmission, the car is fitted with a traditional sequential transmission
The rollcage is also modified due to stricter safety regulations. The Grand-Am version lacks traction control and ABS. The car debuted at the 2012 24 Hours of Daytona. AimAutosport.com is the first team to win with the new 458 Italia Grand-Am spec. On Sept. 9, 2012, drivers Jeff Segal and Emil Assentato finished second at Laguna Seca and clinched the Grand-Am Rolex GT championship.
The 458 won "Car of the Year 2009" and "Supercar of the Year". It also won "Cabrio of the Year 2011" for the Spider, from Top Gear magazine. Auto Zeitung magazine awarded Ferrari 458 Spider "Best Cabrio 2011". Motor Trend awarded the Ferrari 458 Italia with the title of "Best Driver's Car" in 2011.
Illicit trade practices investigation
After Ferrari 458 Italia had been reported to cost much more in China than the U.S., China Automobile Dealers Association (CADA) began working in conjunction with the National Development and Reform Commission for possible price-fixing, despite automakers' claim of 25% import tariff, 17% value added-tax and a consumption tax added to the vehicle price.
Forza Motorsport 4
The Ferrari 458 Italia is shown on the cover of Forza Motorsport 4.
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- Ferrari uses new color, dragons on special edition 458 Italia for China
- Ferrari celebrates its 20th anniversary in China with an important exhibition and a special edition of the 458 Italia
- New stylistic notes for Ferrari: the SP12 EC is born. EC like Eric Clapton
- Eric Clapton's Ferrari SP12 EC officially unveiled
- Ferrari Officially Announces One-Off SP12 EC for Eric Clapton
- Ferrari SP12 EC La one-off di Eric Clapton
- Last Chance to See Ferrari F10 F1 car and Eric Clapton’s SP12 EC
- Pininfarina Sergio Concept ditches windshield for crash helmets
- In the Shadow of LaFerrari, the Pininfarina Sergio
- Ferrari 458 Speciale speeds toward Frankfurt
- Ferrari 458 Speciale is our Frankfurt fantasy
- "In Pictures: Ferrari 458 on fire". BBC News.
- Ferrari 458 plagued by mysterious jinx - Daily Telegraph, 24 Aug 2010
- "Ferrari recalls Italia cars after reports of fires". BBC News. September 1, 2010. Retrieved September 1, 2010.
- Massey, Ray (2010-09-06). "Ferrari recalls the 'cursed' supercar after five £170,000 458 Italias burst into flames". dailymail.co.uk (London). Retrieved 2010-10-27.
- Jerry Hirsch (May 21, 2012). "Ferrari recalls California, Italia models for faulty crankshafts". The Los Angeles Times.
- "Ferrari 458 Italia GT2". Ferrari.com. Retrieved 2012-07-03.
- "Ferrari 458 Italia". Racingsportscars.com. Retrieved 2013-01-21.
- "Ferrari 458 Italia Grand Am". ultimatecarpage.com. Retrieved 2012-07-22.
- "Jeff Segal compares the 458 street car to race car". Grand-Am.com.
- "Ferrari 458 Spider wins "Best Cabrio 2011" in Auto Zeitung". Ferrari.com. 2011-11-23. Retrieved 2012-04-25.
- "2011 Motor Trend Best Driver's Car". Motortrend.com. Retrieved 2012-04-25.
- Hot Wheels Elite Gives You a Chance to Own a Ferrari 458 Italia China Edition
- China's $724,000 Ferrari Has Officials Looking Hard At Foreign Car Pricing Practices
- China's Ferrari 458 Italia Price of $723,923 Leads to Investigations of Illicit Trade Practices
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