||This article needs additional citations for verification. (July 2009)|
The Ferrari 550 Maranello and 550 Barchetta are 2-seat grand tourers built by Ferrari. Introduced in 1996, the 550 was an upmarket front-engined V12 coupe of the kind not seen since the Daytona. It shared its platform and 5.5 L (5474 cc) engine with the 2+2 456 (Engine Code: F133) but was positioned as the company's highest-end model. The car used a transaxle layout, with the 6-speed manual gearbox located at the back, in-line with the driven wheels. The model number refers to total engine displacement (5.5 litres) and the model name of Maranello refers to the town where the Ferrari headquarters are located.
The demise that same year of the F512 M left the company with only the exotic F50 and V8 F355 as mid-engined models. Although the 550 was a softer GT model, it did take the place of the F512 M as the company's upmarket coupe, discounting the F50.
The 550 featured a luxurious and roomy interior. The (rear) trunk was tall and wide, though not very deep, and could accept a full set of golf clubs or standard overnight bags. 3,083 units were produced.
The 550 line was replaced by the Modificata 575 M Maranello in 2002.
The engine is a naturally aspirated V12 with 4 valves per cylinder, dual overhead cams and variable length intake manifold. It displaces 5474 cc (334 in³) and produces 492 PS (485 hp, 357 kW) at 7000 rpm and 568.1 N·m (419 lb·ft) at 5000 rpm. Bore and stroke is 88 x 75 mm.
The 550 Maranello has a tubular steel frame chassis with light aluminum bodywork bolted to it and 6-speed manual transmission. The steering is rack and pinion with variable power assist. The vented disc brakes are 330 mm (13.0 in) for the front and 310 mm (12.2 in) for the rear.
The 550 Maranello can accelerate to 60 mph (97 km/h) in 4.2 seconds and can reach 161 kilometres per hour (100 mph)in 9.6 seconds. The ¼ mile (0.4 km) time is 12.5 seconds at 116.9 mph. The top speed is 320.3 kilometers per hour (199.0 mph).
550 Barchetta 
Ferrari introduced a convertible version of the 550 at the Paris Motor Show in 2000. This Barchetta was a true roadster with no real convertible top provided. The factory did provide a soft top, but it was intended only for temporary use as it was cautioned against using the top above 70 mph (110 km/h). A total of 448 Barchettas were produced, four more than initially planned due to concerns of superstition in the Japanese market. The 448 cars were preceded by 10 prototypes numbered P01–P10 on their interior plaques. To an observer the prototypes and production cars are indistinguishable.
550 GTZ 
On October 28, 2009, Zagato and Ferrari revealed that they have been working on a drophead version of the GTZ to celebrate the 90th anniversary of the long collaboration between the two Italian establishments. The roadster GTZ is limited to five units and based on the 550 Barchetta Pininfarina. All five have been sold at the stratospheric price of £1 million (€1.1 million/ US$1.6 million) each.
Although not intended for motorsport, some privateer teams took it upon themselves to develop the 550 for use in various series. The first racing 550 was built for Red Racing to comply with FIA sporting regulations. Italtecnica aided in the development of the project. The car was termed a 550 GT and was first tested in April 1999. It was used in the FFSA GT Championship in France from the end of 1999 until the end of 2000. The car was then sold to XL Racing in 2001 who continued to develop the car. The 550 GT made one of its final appearances at the 2003 24 Hours of Le Mans. In 2000, Italtecnica would create another 550 race car meeting the more powerful GT regulations in the FIA GT Championship, but the car was short lived.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Ferrari 550 in competition|
In 2001, Prodrive built racing customer versions of the 550 for various sports car series and especially the 24 Hours of Le Mans. However, although this brought the Ferrari name into the sport, the cars would be built entirely by Prodrive without any support from the Ferrari factory. Named the 550-GTS, a total of ten cars would be built over the next four years and campaigned by the Prodrive team as well as privateer customers.
The factory Prodrive team would win two FIA GT Championship races in the cars debut in late 2001. The BMS Scuderia Italia team would take over in FIA GT, recording four wins, while the Prodrive squad would take a single win the American Le Mans Series. 2003 would be the best year for the cars, as Prodrive won the GTS class at the 24 Hours of Le Mans, took second in the GTS class championship in the American Le Mans Series with four wins, and Scuderia Italia won the FIA GT championship with eight wins.
BMS Scuderia Italia would again take the FIA GT Championship with five wins in 2004, while Larbre Compétition would take the GT1 class championship in the new Le Mans Series. BMS Scuderia Italia would then move to the Le Mans Series as well and take that championship for 2005. At the same time, Prodrive would move to their next project, the Aston Martin DBR9. All 550-GTSs would be maintained by Care Racing, and a few continue to be used today. Convers MenX used a 550-GTS in the 2007 24 Hours of Le Mans, while Hitotsuyama Racing runs one in the full Japan Le Mans Challenge season.
Following the success of the 550-GTS, Ferrari would adapt the 575M for racing and offer it as a customer car for privateers. Some road legal Ferrari 550s would also be modified by small teams for racing, although these differed from the Prodrive-built 550-GTSs.
The 5.5 L V12 engine won the "over 4 litre" class of the International Engine of the Year award for 2000 and 2001.
- "Designer". ajovalo.net. Retrieved 2012-02-08.
- "The 550 Maranello". mathewscollection.com. Retrieved 2008-05-29.
- "Road Test: Lamborghini Diablo 6.0 vs. Ferrari 550 Maranello".
- "Pininfarina Ferrari Rossa | Concept Cars". Diseno-art.com. Retrieved 2012-10-07.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Ferrari 550|
- Care Racing - Ferrari 550-GTS Maranello owners and maintainers
- Convers Team - Ferrari 550-GTS campaigners
- MenX Racing - Ferrari 550-GTS campaigners
|« previous — Ferrari road car timeline, 1960s–present|
|FR/FMR/4WD||Luxury Coupe||250GT||330GT||365GT||365GTC/4||GT4 2+2||400||400i||412||456||456 M||612||FF|
|Super Grand Tourer||250||275||365 GTB/4 Daytona||550 Maranello||575M||599 GTB Fiorano||F12berlinetta|
|V12 Supercar||250 GTO||599 GTO|
|RMR||V8 / V6||Dino 206||Dino 246 GT||308GTB||308i||308 QV||328||348||360||458 Italia|
|246 GTS||308 GTS||208||208 Turbo||GTB/GTS Turbo||F355||F430|
|2+2||Dino GT4||Mondial 8||Mondial QV||3.2 Mondial||Mondial t|
|flat-12||365BB||512 BB||512i BB||Testarossa||512TR||F512M|
|Supercar||250 LM||288 GTO||F40||F50||Enzo||FXX||LaFerrari|