|Body and chassis|
|Body style||2-door, 2+2 coupé cabriolet|
|Layout||Front mid-engine, rear-wheel drive|
The Ferrari California is a grand touring sports car produced by the Italian manufacturer Ferrari. It is a two door "2+2" hard top convertible. When originally released, the California was powered by a front-mid mounted gasoline direct injection 4.3 L (260 cu in) V8 with 460 PS (338 kW; 454 hp). The car revives the "California" name used for the late-1950s Ferrari 250 GT.
|Ferrari California (F149)|
|Layout||Front mid-engine, rear-wheel drive|
|Engine||4,297 cc (262.2 cu in) 90° V8|
|Transmission||7-speed dual-clutch automated manual
|Wheelbase||2,670 mm (105.1 in)|
|Length||4,563 mm (179.6 in)|
|Width||1,902 mm (74.9 in)|
|Height||1,308 mm (51.5 in)|
|Curb weight||1,630 kg (3,594 lb) (dry) |
|Successor||Ferrari California T|
The California was launched at the 2008 Paris Motor Show. According to industry rumors, the California originally started as a concept for a new Maserati, but the resulting expense to produce the car led the Fiat Group to badge it as a Ferrari in order to justify the high cost of purchase; the company denies this, however. The California represents a new, fourth model range for the company.
The California represents a number of firsts for Ferrari:
- The first front engined Ferrari with a V8
- The first to feature a 7-speed dual-clutch transmission
- The first with a folding metal roof
- The first with multi-link rear suspension
- The first with direct petrol injection
Bosch produced the direct injection system. The engine displaces 4,297 cubic centimetres (262.2 cubic inches) and delivers 338 kW (453 bhp) at 7,750 rpm; its maximum torque produced is 485 N·m (358 lbf·ft) at 5,000 rpm. The resulting 79 kW (106 bhp) per litre of engine displacement is one of the highest for a naturally aspirated engine, as other manufacturers have used supercharging or turbocharging to reach similar power levels. It is considered likely that the next version of the California will be turbocharged.
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The original 2010 California had a top speed of 310 km/h (193 mph) and it could accelerate from zero to 100 km/h (62 mph) in under four seconds. Although that model was 180 kilograms (397 lb) heavier and 30 PS (22 kW; 30 hp) less powerful than the mid-engined F430, the California reached 97 km/h (60 mph) in the same time as the F430 due to the dual-clutch transmission.
Ferrari spent over 1,000 hours in the wind tunnel with a one-third-scale model of the California perfecting its aerodynamics. With the top up, the California has a drag coefficient of Cd=0.32, making it the most aerodynamic Ferrari ever made until the introduction of the Ferrari F12berlinetta.
On 15 February 2012, Ferrari announced an upgrade of the 2009 model which is lighter and more powerful. Changes include reducing body weight by 30 kg (66 lb), increased power by output of 30 PS (22 kW; 30 hp) and 15 N·m (11 lbf·ft), acceleration from 0–100 km/h time reduced to 3.8 seconds, introduction of Handling Speciale package (includes Delphi MagneRide magnetorheological dampers which increase the steering response by 10% along with stiffer springs and a faster ECU with 50% faster response time), elimination of manual transmission following poor sales.
Delivery began in Europe.
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (February 2014)|
A somewhat more focused model, the California HS, was introduced for the 2013 model year. It can be recognized by a silver colored grille and ventilation blisters behind the front wheelwells.
In May 2012, Ferrari recalled the California because the engine could freeze suddenly and possibly cause a crash. The F136 engines had crankshafts that were machined incorrectly. The auto maker learned of the problem when it happened during a review by car critics. Owners could choose from having a new engine installed by their dealer, having the engine removed and the work done by Ferrari North America or having a new crankshaft and bearings installed at the dealership.
California T (2014–)
|Ferrari California T (F149M)|
|Designer||Centro Stile Ferrari|
|Engine||3.9 L twin-turbocharged V8|
|Transmission||7-speed dual clutch automatic|
|Wheelbase||2,670 mm (105.1 in)|
|Length||4,570 mm (179.9 in)|
|Width||1,910 mm (75.2 in)|
|Height||1,322 mm (52.0 in)|
|Kerb weight||1,625 kg (3,583 lb) (dry)|
The Ferrari California T is an update of the earlier California featuring new sheetmetal, new interior, a revised chassis and a new turbocharged powertrain.
First unveiled on the web on February 12, 2014, subsequently the car debuted at the Geneva Motor Show (March 6–16, 2014). The T in the moniker stands for Turbo, a technology Ferrari last used on a roadcar on the F40. The car utilizes a new 3.9 liter bi-turbo V8 that produces 552 bhp (412 kW; 560 PS) @ 7,500 rpm and 557 lbs/torque @ 4,750 rpm as well as an improved 7-speed dual clutch gearbox, a revised magnaride' adaptive suspension, as well as a new F1 trac system. The car can accelerate from 0-62 mph (0-100 kmh) in 3.6 seconds and reach a top speed of 196 mph (315 km/h). The car also features a new front fascia that was influenced by the F12, a revised rear and a revised interior. Another improvement to the car is the reduction of emission pollution by 15% compared to its naturally aspirated predecessor. The car also utilizes small turbos and a variable boost management system to create no turbo lag.
It is also the first car in which Ferrari has introduced the new Apple CarPlay functionality into its built-in infotainment system – Apple confirmed at the launch of the Geneva Motor Show that Ferrari, Mercedes-Benz and Volvo would be among the first car manufacturers to bring CarPlay compatible models to market.
- "FERRARI CALIFORNIA TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS". italiaspeed.com. Retrieved 2008-10-11.
- "Ferrari California Begins Production on New Line". worldcarfans.com. Retrieved 2009-07-17.
- Rufford, Nick (2008-10-19). "Ferrari California". The Sunday Times (London). Retrieved 2008-10-19.
- "California dreaming". Top Gear. 2008-05-13. Retrieved 2010-09-30.
- "Bosh provides gasoline direct injection for the new Ferrari California". Inautonews.com. Retrieved 2011-11-06.
- New California to have a turbocharger Turbo power for next Ferrari California
- AutoWeek: Ferrari California First Drive: new car signals new direction for company Retrieved on 2008-12-06
- Corsani, Lorenzo (2008-06-29). "Una nuova linea di produzione per la California". Autoblog. Retrieved 2013-06-27.
- How This Year's Least Popular New Ferrari Could Become The Most Valuable In 30 Years
- Ferrari click-clack manual transmissions, RIP
- That Few? Only Two Ferrari Californias Sold With Manual Transmissions
- "Geneva: 2013 Ferrari California is More "Speciale"". Automoblog.net. 2012-03-07. Retrieved 2012-03-08.
- 2013 Ferrari California loses weight and gains power to command more respect
- Hirsch, Jerry (2012-05-21). "Ferrari recalls California, Italia models for faulty crankshafts". Los Angeles Times.
- Dredge, Stuart (2014-03-03). "Apple CarPlay debuts with Ferrari, Mercedes-Benz and Volvo". The Guardian. Retrieved 2014-04-22.
- "The Ferrari California T and the Apple CarPlay equipped FF debut tomorrow at Geneva". Ferrari PR. Ferrari. 2014-03-03. Retrieved 2014-05-31.
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|8 cylinder||Mid-engine berlinetta||360||458|
|Challenge Stradale||F430 Scuderia||458 Speciale|
|12 cylinder||Grand tourer||550 Maranello||575M Maranello||599 GTB Fiorano||F12berlinetta|
|599 GTO||F60 America|
|2+2 coupé||456||456 M||612 Scaglietti||FF|
|Limited production supercar||F50||Enzo||LaFerrari|