Ferrari FF

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Ferrari FF
Ferrari FF -- 2012 DC front.JPG
Overview
Manufacturer Ferrari
Production 2011-present
Assembly Maranello, Italy
Designer Pininfarina[1]
Body and chassis
Class Grand tourer
Body style 3-door shooting-brake
Layout FM4 layout[2]
Powertrain
Engine 6.3 L V12
Transmission 7-speed dual-clutch automated semi-automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,990 mm (117.7 in)[3]
Length 4,907 mm (193.2 in) .[4]
Width 1,953 mm (76.9 in)[4]
Height 1,379 mm (54.3 in)[4]
Curb weight 1,880 kg (4,145 lb)[4]
Chronology
Predecessor Ferrari 612 Scaglietti

The Ferrari FF (FF meaning "Ferrari Four", for four seats and four-wheel drive) is a grand tourer[5] presented by Ferrari on March 1, 2011 at the Geneva Motor Show.[1] It is Ferrari's first production four-wheel drive model.[5] The body style has been described as a shooting-brake,[6] a type of sporting station wagon/estate car with two doors.[7] It replaced the 612 Scaglietti grand tourer. The FF has a top speed of 335 km/h (208 mph) and it accelerates from zero to 100 km/h (62 mph) in 3.7 seconds.[4] Ferrari states that the FF is the world's fastest four-seat automobile.[8] The FF costs US$300,000,[9] with 800 being produced during the first year.[10]

Specifications[edit]

Engine[edit]

The Ferrari FF has the largest capacity road-going Ferrari engine ever produced: a 6,262 cc (6.3 L; 382.1 cu in) naturally aspirated direct injected 65° V12, which produces 660 PS (485 kW; 651 hp) at 8,000 rpm and 683 N·m (504 lb·ft) of torque at 6000 rpm.[4]

Transmission[edit]

The FF is equipped with a 7-speed double-clutch semi-automatic paddle shift system similar to the California, 458 Italia, and the F12 Berlinetta.[2]

Four wheel drive system[edit]

The new four-wheel drive system, engineered and patented by Ferrari, is called 4RM: it is around 50% lighter than a conventional system, and provides power intelligently to each of the four wheels as needed.[1] It functions only when the manettino dial on the steering wheel is in the "comfort" or "snow" positions, leaving the car most often in the traditional rear wheel drive layout.[11]

Ferrari's first use of 4RM was in a prototype created in the end of the 80s, called 408 4RM (abbreviation of "4.0 liter, 8 cylinder, 4 Ruote Motrici", meaning "four-wheel drive").[12][13]

This system is based around a second, simple, gearbox (gears and other components built by Carraro Engineering), taking power from the front of the engine. This gearbox (designated "power take off unit", or PTU) has only two forward gears (2nd and 4th) plus reverse (with gear ratios 6% taller than the corresponding ratios in the main gearbox), so the system is only active in 1st to 4th gears. The connection between this gearbox and each front wheel is via independent haldex-type clutches, without a differential.[14] Due to the difference in ratios "the clutches continually slip"[15] and only transmit, at most, 20% of the engine's torque. A detailed description of the system (based on a conversation with Roberto Fedeli, Ferrari's technical director) has been published.[11]

Design[edit]

Exterior[edit]

2012 Ferrari FF, side view

The FF shares the design language of contemporary Ferraris, including the pulled-back headlights of the 458 Italia, and the twin circular taillights seen on the 458 as well as the 599 GTB Fiorano. Designed under the direction of Lowie Vermeersch, former Design Director at Pininfarina, work on the shooting brake concept initially started following the creation of the Sintesi show car of 2007.[16] Distinctive styling elements include a large egg-crate grille, defined side skirts, and four exhaust tips. The shooting brake configuration is a departure from the conventional wedge shape of modern Ferraris, and the FF has been likened to the similarly-shaped 1962 Ferrari 250 GT SWB Drogo race car.

Interior[edit]

The combination of hatchback-like shooting-brake design and collapsible rear seats gives the Ferrari FF a boot capacity of between 450 litres (16 cu ft) to 800 litres (28 cu ft).[2]

Awards[edit]

  • The FF won Top Gear magazine's "Estate Car of the Year 2011" award.
  • According to Friday, 31 May 2013 US Department of Energy, Ferrari FF, 12 cyl., 6.3 L, Auto (AM7) is 2013 Least Fuel Efficient Car in the midsize class (the same position as the Bentley Mulsanne 8 cyl., 6.8 L, Auto (S8)), with 13 mpg-US (18 L/100 km) [17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "21.01.2011 Ferrari offers a first look at its shock new four seater". italiaspeed.com. Retrieved 2011-01-22. 
  2. ^ a b c "Four-wheel-drive Ferrari shooting brake revealed". topgear.com. BBC Top Gear. Retrieved 2011-01-21. 
  3. ^ "Ferrari FF specification". Retrieved 2014-05-02. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f "Ferrari's fantastic four-wheel-drive FF flagship four-seat fastback". autoblog.com. Retrieved 2011-01-21. 
  5. ^ a b "Geneva debut of the uniquely powerful and versatile FF, Ferrari's first four-seater, four-wheel drive car". ferrari.com. Retrieved 2011-12-30. 
  6. ^ Jonathon Shultz (21 January 2011), "Ferrari FF, an All-Wheel-Drive Shooting Brake", New York Times, "Its shooting brake body style, distinguished by a slightly squared-off rear end, casts the FF’s rear quarters in closer stylistic company with cars like the Alfa Romeo Brera hatchback or the BMW Z3 Coupe" 
  7. ^ William Diem (26 November 2006), "The Shooting Brake makes a comeback", New York Times, "The car is a shooting brake, which was conceived to take gentlemen on the hunt with their firearms and dogs. While the name has been loosely applied to station wagons in general, the most famous shooting brakes had custom two-door bodies fitted to the chassis of pedigreed cars from the likes of Aston Martin, Bentley, Jaguar and Rolls-Royce." 
  8. ^ Vettraino, J.P. (May 2, 2011). "Shout it from the Mountaintops". AutoWeek 61 (9): 27–30. 
  9. ^ Neil, Dan (April 2, 2011). "The Coolest Ferrari Ever—Drive Carefully". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved April 30, 2011. 
  10. ^ DeLorenzo, Matt (June 2011). "2012 Ferrari FF: A Ferrari for all seasons". Road & Track 62 (10): 32, 34. 
  11. ^ a b Jason Kavanagh (March 11, 2011). "IL Geek-Out: Ferrari FF 4RM All Wheel-Drive System". Edmund's Inside Line. Retrieved 2 April 2011. 
  12. ^ "408 4RM". ferrari.com. Retrieved 22 October 2012. 
  13. ^ "Revealed! The 2012 Ferrari FF - First Look". roadandtrack.com. Retrieved 22 October 2012. 
  14. ^ Andrew English (24 March 2011). "Ferrari FF review". The Telegraph. Retrieved 14 March 2011. 
  15. ^ Dan Strong (March 2011). "Ferrari FF". Autoexpress. Retrieved 14 March 2011. 
  16. ^ "Ferrari’s new FF shooting brake". Car Design News Live. Retrieved 2012-06-04.
  17. ^ http://www.fueleconomy.gov/feg/best/bestworstNF.shtml

External links[edit]